Minority Ethnic Cultures in China

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Let the Confucius Institute Introduce You to China. Minority Ethnic Cultures in China. By Wang Xiaojun “Helen” Confucius Institute at UWP. Prof. Xiaojun Wang (Helen) Visiting Professor of Confucius Institute at UWP Prof. of South-central University for Nationalities (Wuhan China) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Minority Ethnic Cultures in China

Chinese Culture

Minority Ethnic Cultures in ChinaBy Wang Xiaojun HelenConfucius Institute at UWPLet the Confucius Institute Introduce You to China

1Prof. Xiaojun Wang (Helen)

Visiting Professor of Confucius Institute at UWPProf. of South-central University for Nationalities (Wuhan China)Association of Charted Certified Accountants (ACCA, UK) AffiliateTel: 608 342 1474Email: wangx@uwplatt.edu

2Jiuzhaigou, Sichuan(2005)

3South-central University for Nationalities (Wuhan China)SCUNhttp://www.scuec.edu.cn/http://en.scuec.net/index.phpOne of six higher education institutes belonging to State Ethnic Affairs Commission (SEAC)More than 20 000 university studentsStudents, faculties and staffs come from 54 ethnic groupsTuition-free to Students majoring in ethnologySpecial canteen on campus

4Confucius Institute at UWPSponsored by the Office of Chinese Language Council International (Hanban) Co-op of SCUN and UWPMore than 300 in the world, 56 in USMission and PurposePromote a better understanding of the Chinese language and culture among the people of the world; Develop friendly relationships between China and other countries; Accelerate the development of multiculturalism at the international level; Help bring about global peace and harmony. 5ConfuciusKong Qiu Kongzi Kongfuzi Sept. 28, 551B.C. 479 B.C.a Chinese thinker and social philosopher

6Main Rites of Confucius---- Analects of Confuciusren humanenessfilial piety, xiao, li ritual7http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XMzM5MTIwOTY=.html

855 Minority Ethnic Groups 123m people9.44% of total population64% of national territory80 languages30 characters

2004530119/64%1953400260804001953

, 200412263153.0686.385.4695.2568.32%9Regional National AutonomyThe People's Republic of China is a unitary multinational State created jointly by the people of all its 56 nationalities. Regional national autonomy means that the minority nationalities, under unified State leadership, practice regional autonomy in areas where they live in concentrated communities and set up organs of self-government for the exercise of the power of autonomy. It is a basic political system of the State.10Province levelPrefecture levelCounty levelTownship levelProvincesPrefecturesAutonomous prefecturesCountiesAutonomous countiesTownships (ethnic)Sumu (ethnic)Autonomous regionsPrefecture-level citiesSub-provincial citiesCounty-level citiesSub-prefecture-level citiesTownsMunicipalitiesLeaguesCity districtsSubdistrictsSpecial AdministrativeRegions (SARs)BannersAutonomous bannersCounty districts(defunct)(sumu).20032004 200411ZhuangMan ManchuriaHuiMiaoUygurYiTujiaMenggu (Mongolia)Zang TibetanBuyi

12Miao Ethnic Group8.94m population31% in Guizhou province

2000894011613Ancestor Shen Long Chi You Miao language 19 typesMiao CharactersReligions: - Nature worship - Christianity - Catholicism

New TestamentMiaos Calendar Sept-Dec : Miaos New YearFlower mountain stanza - Jan 2-7 in Miaos Lunar Calendar

flower mountain stanza

15Colorful clothesSilver ornamentsSongs and Dances reed-pipe wind instrumenthttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=14RqUu-2qPg

reed-pipe wind instrument bull fighting16Fish in Sour Soupglutinous rice wine

17Hui Ethnic Group - Muslim9.81m populationNingxia Hui Ethnic Group Autonomous Region

2000981.6818Language: - Mandarin + Arabic + PersianScript: - Arabic letters

36419Religion: - Muslim - Allan - Ahung

20Muslim calendar Apr.6 Ramadan Festival (Sept. Oct. in Muslim calendar)Corban Festival (Dec.10 / Dec.19, 2008)

fast day of fasting Jews Harps21Taboos: No pork Dont greet somebody with left hand. No liquor / Alcohol No cigarettes No idol worshipUygur Ethnic Group8.39m populationXinjiang Uygur Ethnic Group Autonomous Region

Language: - Uygur languageScript: - Uygur scriptReligion: - Muslim

328241234456

24Colorful clothes:Sing and dancehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hbCJyP0p3Xs

Mongolia Ethnic Group5.81m populationInner Mongolia Autonomous Region

Language: - Mongolia languageScript: - Mongolia scriptMongolias Lunar Calendar - Tsagaan Sar

Religion: - LamaismClothesRoasted whole lambFermented Horse Milk(Koumiss)Yurtlele cart

1.4

29Mongolia Long Tune / Urtiin Duu http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XMjQ4NDAzNjg=.htmlhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XjLV0Nr9WZw&feature=relatedNadamu Gathering

zang ethnic group Tibetan5.42m population - 2.42m (96.4%) in Tibet - Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Yunan, etc.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OTaY9gvqRXI

2000541.60269.78271.8299.251082.2917.921.6031242.7252.841064131

32Language: - zang language - Mandarin - EnglishScript - zang

Religious Life of Zang Ethnic GroupsLamaism (Tibetan School of Buddhism) - Pilgrim - wheel of law

34clothes - Tibetan Robe - shirt - boot

Tibetan Calendar - Lunar CalendarFeb. 25, 2009 - New Year in Tibetan Calendar100012960 36Shoton Festival (Jun 30 Jul 6, 2009) shoton, yogurt Tibetan Opera Play (17th century)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vmtf8hIa8-MTravel in Tibetan area

Bowza xi de le !(Tashi Delek! ) Hello / Wish you good luck!hada (Kha bTags)

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38Highland barleyButtered teaGlutinous rice cakeBeef and lamb

39Worship to the NatureTibetan Snow CockEagleyak

Both hands.

No touch the head.No touch the ritual utensil.No meat of donkey, horse and dog.