Michael Buxton RMIT University

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  • 1. Building Environmental, Economicand Ethical Awareness in UrbanPlanningUrban Renewal, Planning and DesignSummit, 2014Michael BuxtonProfessor Environment and PlanningRMIT University

2. Melbourne 1934 3. Melbourne 1953 4. Melbourne CBD 1968 5. Southbank 2012 6. Melbournes housing by area 7. Melbournes housing by type 8. High risedevelop-mentPu DongShanghai 9. HighRiseDevelopmentMelbourne 10. Main road intensification 11. Ad hoc infill 12. Infill development inner Melbourne 13. Plan Melbourne Layered Development sites:- metropolitan clusters: Dandenong, Fountain Gate, Epping,Sunshine, Ringwood, Broadmeadows, Box Hill, Frankston,Monash, Latrobe, Parkville- large-scale redevelopment areas: Fishermans Bend, VictoriaStreet, E-gate, Arden, Dynon, Southbank, Docklands, EastRichmond etc.- other activity centres - transit oriented Develop a state of cities: rebalance population betweenMelbourne and regions- locate more population in Ballan, Bacchus Marsh, Kilmore,Broadford, Warragul-Drouin, Wonthaggi- develop a permanent UGB 14. Dwelling capacity compared to PlanMelbourne Dwelling targets by spatial areaIncludes: large brownfield sites, UDP sites, major activitycentres, GRZ, RGZ, modified arterial tram route sites Plan MelbournedemandMinimum capacity Maximum capacityInner: 310,000 218,000 254,000Established: 650,000 1,197,000 1,466,000Growth areas:610,000N/A N/ATotal: 1.57M 1,415,000 1,720,000 15. Activity centre intensification 16. Redevelopment of inner ringtransit corridors 17. Transforming Australian CitiesJohnson Street Collingwood 18. Land supply protection of amenity 19. Land supply redevelopment opportunities 20. Tram arterialsmodified landsupplyActivity CentreboundariesParcels NOTAvailable forredevelopmentParcelsavailable forredevelopment 21. RMIT University 27New Victorian zones New residential, commercial, rural and industrial zonesNeighbourhood Residential:- only up to 2 dwellings per lot and maximum residentialbuilding height of 8 metres or specified in a schedule- office and industry prohibited but many commercial uses assection 2 usesGeneral Residential:- no limit to number of dwellings per lot but residential heightcontrolled through a schedule; many commercial uses allowed 22. New zonesRMIT University 28 Residential Growth:- Office and many commercial uses allowed subject to permit;schedule to control height Neighbourhood zones Lock up residential areas? Commercial zones allow wide range of uses without need forpermit; few uses prohibited; extensive out of centredevelopment allowed, competing with strip centres muchsection 1 uses (supermarket to 1,800 square metres and shops) 23. New zonesNeighbourhoodzones Lock upresidential areas?- NeighbourhoodResidential;- GeneralResidential;- ResidentialGrowth;Total land supplyavailable including- Commercialzones- Industrial zonesRMIT University 29 24. City ofMorelandResidentialZonesMorebalancedproposal forapplication ofzonesNeighbour-hoodResidentialZone coversabout 50% ofmunicipality 25. 17 RingwoodCity of MaroondahImage from Google Earth (no date)104ha 26. Proposed zonesPUZMUZMUZCZ 27. Housing capacity data(HCA)HCA supply201250.98haavailableR1Z: 14.39haBUZ1: 20.53haBUZ2: 15.97haINCLUDES:- occupied and vacant parcels in zones which permit residential uses- parcels identified in the UDP- council-identified parcels with residential development potential and- non-residential zoned parcels with residential precedents.EXCLUDES PARCELS:- in zones which prohibit residential uses- developed after 1986- less than 150 square metres- strata titled properties- with buildings listed on the state or national heritage register- which have an individual heritage overlay (but includes larger heritage overlay areas) 28. The old and new in Melbourne 29. Loss ofperi-urbanvalueswill lead tocatastrophicimpactsthiscentury 30. Extensive rural land fragmentation 87,000 dwellingcapacity (vacant lots + subdivision) 31. Median Price/ha by Property Size (Victoria $2006)Source: Barr & McKenzie 2007 32. Median Price/ha by Property Size (Victoria $2006)Source: Barr & McKenzie 2007 33. Development capacity BAU tenementcontrol 34. Key findings: Bendigo greenfield/broadhectareBUSINESS AS USUALLand supply: 770hectaresOverall yield at trenddensities: 9,240dwellings- Residential zones- No overlays- Parcels over 1hectare- Trend density: 12dwellings perhectareHIGHER DENSITYSCENARIO: 25 dwellingsper hectare: 19,250Increased dwellingsupply compared to BAU:10,010Parent lots over 1 hectare 35. Key findings: Bendigo incremental infillLand supply: 344hectaresOverall yield at 35dwellings per hectare:12,040R1Z parcels rated green by CoGB 36. Key findings: Bendigo non-residential landinfillLand supply: 275hectaresOverall yield at 35dwellings per hectare:9,625Non-residential zones parcels rated greenby CoGB 37. Key findings: Rural centres have capacity to take upsignificant proportion of Melbournes growth 38. Ballan (urban area): 2011 Urban Development Program land supply