Metrobus Case Study - case study.pdf  Metrobus Case Study Lessons Learned and Policy...

download Metrobus Case Study - case study.pdf  Metrobus Case Study Lessons Learned and Policy Recommendations

of 8

  • date post

    05-Oct-2018
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    214
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Metrobus Case Study - case study.pdf  Metrobus Case Study Lessons Learned and Policy...

  • Metrobus Case Study Lessons Learned and Policy Recommendations

    Salvador Herrera and Jorge Macas

  • Metrobus BRT Dedicated, confined bus

    lanes.

    Enclosed stations.

    Electronic fee payment prior

    to boarding.

    Large buses, either

    articulated or bi-articulated.

    Advanced control systems

    to regulate times between

    buses, overcrowding, etc.

    Distinctive image.

    Line 2 Line 3 Line 4

    Eje 4

    Sur

    Eje 1

    Pte

    Down

    town

    Km 20 17 28 95

    Passengers

    (K/day)160 130 40 750

    Stations 34 31 30 138

    Terminals 2 4 4 13

    Buses 96 54 54 365

    43

    3

    161

    Line 1

    TotalInsurg

    entes

    30

    420

  • Financing Schemes

    Line 1 and 2 Public contribution

    to infrastructure and fleet, private

    particpation for bus financing.

    Line 3 Payment-for-Services.

    Line 4 Financed via second tier

    of beltway.

    Line InfrastructureFare

    collectionTotal

    Private Public

    1 1,277 327 109 1,713

    2 850 255 85 1,190

    3 1,200 250 - 1,450

    4 450 250 - 700

    3,777 1,082 194 5,053

    Private

    Public

    Fleet

    Costs in millions of pesos.

    Source: Escalante, 2012.

  • Barriers Policy checklist for action

    Barriers

    1. Strategic goal setting and policy alignment

    Current concessions scheme and the concessions

    law.

    Political power of concessionaires.

    2. Enabling policies and incentives for green

    investment

    Lack of PPP Law.

    3. Financial policies and instruments to attract

    private sector participation

    Contractual agreeements perpetuate perverse

    incentives.

    Concessionaires.

    4. Harness public and private resources and

    build capacity for a green economy

    Lack of knowledge, capacity or experience with

    similar projects.

    Unclear decision making process.

    5. Promoting green business and consumer

    behaviour

    Insufficient awareness campaigns.

  • Success Factors Policy checklist for action

    Success Factors

    1. Strategic goal setting and policy alignment

    Civil society participation.

    Clear clean air agenda.

    Very effective champion - Claudia Sheinbaum.

    2. Enabling policies and incentives for green

    investment

    CDM Financing.

    Scrapping programme.

    3. Financial policies and instruments to attract

    private sector participation

    Lack of sufficient government funding. Led to

    innovative financing schemes.

    4. Harness public and private resources and

    build capacity for a green economy

    NGO participation.

    5. Promoting green business and consumer

    behaviour

    Commitment to emissions reductions.

    Innovative business model.

    Key Policy

    Framework

    Elements

  • Recommendations Incentives alignment:

    Compliance with planning programmes (10 MB lines projected).

    Elimination of fuel subsidies.

    Creation of new financial instruments.

    Law to regulate metropolitan affairs.

    Legally regulated Cost-Benefit Analysis considering all relevant co-benefits.

    Thorough awareness campaign all the way from urban vision to real costs

    of using cars.

  • Recent Advances

    Special Programme for Climate Change

    General Law on Climate Change

    Green Plan

    Law for Mitigation and Adaptation to Climate Change

    Law for Public-Private Partnerships

  • Conclusions

    Remarkable that the proyect exists, given all the initial barriers.

    There is a need for a stronger institutional, legal, financial and planning

    framework to incentivise private investment in LCR transportation

    solutions.

    Key for internalization of the high costs of private mobility solutions and

    unsustainable urban development patterns.