Melakukan langkah instalasi sistem operasi 2 english

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Doing Operating System Installation Steps Describe the Computer and Network Engineering

Transcript of Melakukan langkah instalasi sistem operasi 2 english

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Doing Operating System Installation Steps

Describe the Computer and Network Engineering

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

In this Section we will perform several installation and configuration of dual booting, which aims to make one unit ready to use computers. The steps that we will do is:1. Disk Management

2. Operating System Installation

3. Hardware System Installation

4. Installing Applications Program

5. Tips and Tricks

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

It is necessary to be prepared at the time of this installation process are:

1. CD or Diskette Start Up / Bootable

2. CD Windows Millennium and XP Professional

3. Mainboard Driver CD

4. Application Program CD

1 Setting bios4.1.1 How to Come into BIOS

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

To be able to enter into the BIOS there are several ways. Way that is often used in computers are:

1.Tekan Computer 2.Hidupkan Delete key on the keyboard 3. If true, then the BIOS menu will appear as

images in addition

Another way to enter the BIOS settings can by pressing the button:

- F1 - F2 - Ctrl-Esc, etc..

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

To find out how to enter the BIOS settings we can see the included manual when we buy Mainboard, or we can see the display when the computer is first turned.BIOS contained on the computer is not always the same, this is because different brands between BIOS, However the goal is basically the same, only slightly different language and location settings placement. Example BIOS brand:1.AMIBIOS

2.AWARDBIOS 3. PHONIEX BIOS, Etc.

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

In the bottom of the BIOS there are several key button we can use when setting the BIOS settings, namely:F1

To call the Help menu / helpF5

To show the old settingsF6

To call the default settings / normal

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

F7To call a better setting and strict

F10To exit setup and save itEscTo exit the settings and setup without

savingPage Up / DownTo select the settings and activate

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

Shift + F2To change the color settings4.1.2 BIOS Menu FunctionsStandard CMOS FeaturesBasic menu configuration time, date, floppy drives, etc.Advanced BIOS Features

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

Set the system settings such as determining the first boot, determine the system's security, speed up the boot process, etc.Advanced Chipset FeaturesSet the system configuration of memory, VGA, etc.Integrated PeripherialSet the hardware settings that have been installed on the mainboard / On boardPower Management Setup

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

Set the power system to monitor, hard disks, etc.PnP / PCI ConfigurationsAdjust the equipment to the line of PCI and device introduced by default by the computerPC Helath StatusTo find out the condition of the processor temperature, fan rotation, etc.

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

Frequency / Voltage ControlSet the frequency control processorLoad High Performance DefaultsOptimal settings for the best and ignoring the strict stability of the computerLoad Optimized Defaults

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

Standard CMOS FeaturesBasic menu configuration time, date, floppy drives,

etc.

Advanced BIOS FeaturesSet the system settings such as determining the first boot, determine the system's security, speed up the

boot process, etc.

Advanced Chipset Features

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

Set the system configuration of memory, VGA, etc.Integrated PeripherialSet the hardware settings that have been installed on the mainboard / On boardPower Management Setup

Set the power system to monitor, hard disks, etc.PnP / PCI ConfigurationsAdjust the equipment to the line of PCI and device introduced by default by the computer

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

PC Helath StatusTo find out the condition of the processor temperature, fan rotation, etc.Frequency / Voltage Control

Set the frequency control processorLoad High Performance DefaultsOptimal settings for the best and ignoring the strict stability of the computerLoad Optimized Defaults

Setting the standard optimal settings and not too tight

Set Supervisor PasswordProvide a password with full access without limitsSet User Password

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

Save & Exit SetupExit and save configuration settingsExit Without SavingExit without saving configuration settings

4.2 Partitioning your hard drive with FDISK Partitioning your hard drive 4.2.1

What is hard disk partition?Partition Partition derived from the word we mean as a divider or barrier. While disk partition can we mean the division of hard drive capacity.

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

What purpose Disk Partitioning?Like a house that has the parts or spaces, like a living room, bedroom space, kitchen space and toilet space. Of course, all the space this home we have their respective functions. And would be very risky at all if a house there is no bulkhead or divider room, where we sleep, eat and bathe without limit or screen room.

Likewise, the hard drive, would be better if we shared disk in accordance with the portion and its use. For example the C (partition C) will be used to install operating systems like Windows, the D (D partition) will be prepared for the program installer / master and the E (partition e) will be used for our data storage.

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

So what benefit or use of this disk partition?

1. Stir not mix between operating systems and data, so if there is damage to the operating system and require a format the partition the operating system will not affect

our data because the data is located on another partition.2. Easy to manage and monitor where the data will be stored

and where the program will be installed.3. Multi partition is necessary if we want to install a dual boot

system (Windows Operating System and Linux). Because they can not run both operating systems if you install in one partition.

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

With the current hard disk capacity between 20 to 180 GB, hard disk capacity division is made absolute. If you have a hard drive with large capacities, it is advisable to divide the capacity of hard disk partition of at least 2 or 3 should ideally be a partition as required.If we use FDISK to partition the partition structure will look as follows:

will we use for our data storage.

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

1. The Partition 1 (Partition C / Primary Partitition) used for operating system installation

programs and other support.2. The partition 2 (partition D / Extended Partitition -

Logical Partitition 1) is used to store installation programs / masters.

3. The 3rd partition (Partition E / Extended Partitition - Logical Partitition 2) is used to store data and music files (mp3).

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

Extended Partition is the partition liaison between the Primary Partition to Logical Partition.

For the capacity we can arrange as needed.See example below: Suppose we have a disk with a capacity of 40 GB (gigabytes), then we will partition with the following capacities:

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

1. Partition 1 = 10 GB (will be a directory of C) 2. Partition 2 = 10 GB (D will be directory) 3. Partition 3 = 20 GB (will be a directory of E)

Things Prepared Prior to partition hard drive!1. A complete computer units to be partitioned hard

drive and cd-romnya.2. Start Up Disk or Bootable Disc containing the

FDISK program.3. Disk & CD-ROM must be connected properly, it

can be seen in the BIOS on the STANDARD CMOS FEATURES menu.

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

Any software that can be Used to Make Hard Disk Partitioning?

1. Dos FDISK DOS mode / text mode2. Partition Magic Dos Windows modeFor example:40 GB hard drive will be partitioned into

3 partitions with a capacity of each: 1. Partition C = 10 GB 2. Partition D = 10 GB 3. Partition E = 20 GB

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

The steps to partition with FDISK.1. Prepare the Start Up Disk or Bootable Disc. - Go to

BIOS by pressing the DEL key repeatedly to enter the BIOS menu blue. On the choice of

CMOS ADVANCED FEATURES> BOOT SEQUENCE> 1ST BOOT DEVICE FLOPPY change into when using the Start Up Disk or CD-ROM if you use a Bootable Disc. Then press the F10> ENTER. - It appears the Microsoft Windows Start Up Menu, select Start Computer without CD-ROM.

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

2. Type FDISK at the prompt A: \> then ENTER.3. On the question "Do you wish to enable large disk support (Y / N)?" Select Y if you have a disk capacity> 2

Giga Bytes. Select N if it has a disk capacity <2 Giga Bytes. Y and then press ENTER.

4. On the Main Menu FDISK will have 4 options:

1. Create DOS Partition or Logical DOS Drive. >> To create a new partition 2. Set Active Partition. >> To activate a partition

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

3. Delete Partition or Logical DOS Drive. >> To delete the partition

4. Display Partition Information. >> To display the existing partitions type 1 and ENTER.5. Will appear again Create Partition menu with 3 choices: 1. Create Primary DOS Partition. >> To create a partition /

drive C 2. Create Extended DOS Partition. >> As a bridge

between the partitions C and others. 3. Create Logical DOS Drive (s) in the Extended DOS

Partition. >> To create partitions other than C. type 1 and then ENTER. Wait verifying drive integrity 100% complete

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

6. On the question "Do you wish to use the maximum available size for a primary DOS partition and make the

partition active (Y / N)?" Select Y if only to make just one partition, the partition / drive C. Select N if it will make more than one partition / drive. For example: C, D, E and F. Type N and then ENTER. Wait verifying drive integrity 100% complete.

7. CREATE menu will appear PRIMARY DOSPARTITION. In the Enter size in Mbytes or percent of disk space (%) to

create a Primary DOS Partition ...... Enter values for the Partition capacity C, if C = 10 Gigabytes, and 10,000 type ENTER. Press ESC 1x.

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

8. Home comeback (No.4) type 1 and then ENTER.9. Create menu appears again (No.5) type 2 and ENTER. Wait

verifying drive integrity 100% complete. CREATE menu will appear EXTENDED DOS PARTITION. In the Enter size in Mbytes orpercent of disk space (%) to create an Extended DOS Partition ...... Enter the value of the capacity to partition Partition D + E (or the total value of the

partition other than partition C), if D = 10 and E = Gigabytes 20 Gigabytes, then 30,000 and then type ENTER. Press ESC 1x. Wait verifying drive integrity 100%

complete.

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

10. CREATE menu will appear Logical DOS Drive (S) IN THE EXTENDED DOS PARTITION. In the Enter logical drive size in Mbytes or percent of disk

space (%). Enter a value for the partition D capacity, if D = 10 Gigabytes, then 10,000 and

then type ENTER. Wait verifying drive integrity 100% complete.

11.Menu will appear again CREATE Logical DOS Drive (S) IN THE EXTENDED DOS PARTITION. In the Enter logical drive size in Mbytes or percent of disk space (%). Enter the value of the capacity to partition E, if E = 20 Gigabytes, then 20,000 and then type

ENTER. Press ESC 1x.

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

12. Activate Partition C by selecting the MAIN MENU 2 FDISK (No.4). In the Enter the number of partition you want to make active ..... type 1 and ENTER (for C: 1). Press

ESC 3x.

13. Restartlah computers had been monitored at the prompt re-look A: \> Â

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

Practice 1B.1. Software Installation Step-Based TextInstalling software can be through DOS, for example you will start the installation for the firsttime on a new PC (not there any application), install the operating system such as Windows-Me. Let Youto do is:Copyright At http://www.guruvalah.tk

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

Installing software 3

Step 1: Make sure the PC hard drive has been in-format, and also has in-partition, disk partition is usually divided into twoPart C: to place application programs and the D: to store data

Step 2: Enter the start-up disk into the disk-drive A:, then turn on the computer, press the power button [ON]on the CPU and the power button [ON] on the monitor.Wait until boot process occurs and is monitoredperform prompt A: \

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

Step 3: Insert the CD into the application program CD-Rom drive

Step 4: Now move the prompt from A to E, fromprompt A: \ E: <enter>

Step 5: type in prompt e: \> dir (forknowing the contents of the CD directory)

Step 6: Move the directory at the prompt type E: \> cdwinme <enter>

Step 6: see the directory type applications on WinMeprompt E: \> WINME> dir

Step 7: Start the installation at the prompt typeE: \> setup.exe, and follow the instructions on

installation time continues

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

B.2. Step-Based GUI Software InstallationNeeds to be done before the installation is:

(i) read the minimum system requirements on thepackaging or manual applications, to ensure your PC capable of running an application,

(ii) make sure you havethe latest version of the program,

(iii) print out the information in the README.txt file for later reference.

That need to be avoided are: (i) to open / run other programs during installation, (ii) install

the old version, (iii) try to delete a folder on a file that has been installed. Better

to use the uninstall.

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

(vi).flip through insatalasi program serial number.There are 3 alternatives for doing the installation is through:The first alternative. Ideally when you enter the application programs into the CD-ROM drive then click on live[SETUP], but sometimes the CD-ROM is not this why mendetekasi automatic detection function for CD-RIOMdisabled.Second alternative. After inserting the CD-ROM in the CD-ROM drive or DVD-ROM drive (eg drive E:, click[Start] and select [Run]. In the dialog box, type "E: \ setup.exe" (without the quotes), click [OK] to startinstall.The third alternative: After inserting the CD-ROM in the CD-ROM drive or DVD-ROM drive (eg drive E:,1. Click [Start] [settings] [Control Panel]2. Click [Add / Remove Programs] dialog box will appear to Add /

Remove3. Click [Install]

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

4. Click [Next] to start5. Windows for the installation program and the installation program displays the Text Box

Command line for installation program. Make changes if necessary, then click [Finish] to

start installation6. Window start the setup program. You may be offered the choices when the install progress

like [Typical], [Minimum] and [Custom]. Choosing Typical, installed applications to normal version, fiturfitur

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

such additional clip art, tutorials, or online manual is not installed. select Minimum meanfail-install the necessary files to run the application, this option is suitable for the living room PCits hard disk is limited. Custom options, meaning you have full control in determining whatto be installed. Put a tick on your choice, but if you do not want to vote click on

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

[Next] and follow the instructions on the other there on the screen when the installation progress.Copyright At http://www.guruvalah.tkInstalling Software 4B.3. Uninstall Application ProgramsIf you no longer need a particular program you can delete it from your hard drive to givespace for other programs that you use.

1. Click [Start] [Settings] [Control Panel], click [Add / Remove Programs]

2. In the dialog box Add / Remove click [Add / Remove]

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

Practice 2install Microsoft Office 2003Insert the CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive, and follow the installation steps as the way that you have describedabove.

C. RESULTS check INSTALLATIONPractice 3

After install try now You Check whether the installation You have been successful or failed

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

run the Microsoft Office 2003 applications.Step 1: Click [Start] [All Programs] [Microsoft Office]

select [Microsoft Office Word 2003].Step 2: Examine whether the application program

can be opened and run?. Try typing a short text,then click [File] select [Save] in the options file name you type in a name and click the Save button.

Next out of the program, try clicking [File] [Exit]Could be a result of you having problems installing, failed or could not run (troubleshooting) then

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

need further treatment to the program can run normally.Against handling Troubleshooting when the installation is:HOW TO CAUSE ERRORS tackleBlack icon

• VGA or less supportive resolution • Drivers are not as match

• Restart the computer• Change the value of the resolution

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

Try changing the appropriate driverCopyright At http://www.guruvalah.tkInstalling Software 5Operating system does notto shutdown• There are no programs

stopped completely• BIOS configuration settings

wrong

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

• check the BIOS settings• make sure the "Fast Shutdown" in the system

informatation-Tool-System configuratioConflict in defacemanager

• Device that one withother

• driver does not match• damaged devices• Remove the device manager

that there are signs troble• Repeat the driver installation• If stuck in trying to replace the slot SKPCI

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

• Do not forget to restart your computerComputer hangs wheninactive

• Screen saver is the way• Power management is active• Temperature of the CPU is too hot• Movement mouse or press the keyboard,

if necessary, change the screen saver settings

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

• Log in to disable BIOS powermanager

• Look in the device manager if there are signsin power management, remove.Windows Protectionerror

• There is a program errorutilities such as Norton orUmax scanner.

• There is an important part ofwindows systemdamaged / missing

• There is damage to hardware• Delete files at anti system.dat

with the backup file system.

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

Missal system.da0 changed intosystem.dat• Try to replace some hardware• Install re -

Illegal operation • Files relatedwith the registry of the programis damaged

• Error placementmemory of the program

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

running• Remove the damaged programs and

install again• Possible disruption of RAM, try

replacedLayer blue • Most likely the problemthe hardware (memory, VGACard, processor)

• There is a damaged programso regristinyaannoying windows

• Double-check the hardware settings as wellBIOS

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

VI. CONCLUSIONSoftware (software) is a program that allows computer applications to performfunction. In order for the software can be run on computers as well so that we can use more than onethen the software application program must be installed first. How to install and can be text-based GUI.

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

After install try now You Check whether the installation You have been successful or failed, letrun the Microsoft Office 2003 applications.

Step 1: Click [Start] [All Programs] [Microsoft Office] select [Microsoft Office Word 2003].

Step 2: Examine whether the application program can be opened and run?. Try typing a short text,

then click [File] select [Save] in the options file name you type in a name and click the Save button.Next out of the program, try clicking [File] [Exit]Could be a result of you having problems installing, failed or could not run (troubleshooting) thenneed further treatment to the program can run normally.

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Doing Trouble Shooting

1. Is the user can logon and can access network resources?

a. NO, if you can logon using the admin user of your account and access the network resource?i. YES, check whether the user account is still valid, whether the user-name and password are correct, whether the user-account is not expired or may account lock-out which is usually

accompanied by a system error log time.ii. NO, it means that there is a problem, go to step 2

b. YES, it means there is no problem

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Doing Trouble Shooting

2. Log on to the computer by using local admin account, and check the configuration protocol TCP /

IP with command line "ipconfig / all" computer check what the result was obtain an IP address from a DHCP server or not? Check the properties TCP / IP it is already in the setup to receive IP address automatically "obtain an IP address

automatically" and also "obtain DNS server automatically"

a. If the setup is wrong, fix in advance to receive an IP address automatically. Jump back to step b. If the normal configuration, but did not receive IP addres

3. Check that the patch cable into the wall (towards Swich) broken or not, or maybe loose?

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Menjelaskan Langkah Istalasi Sistem Operasi

a. YES, if the patch cable is disconnected, replace with a good cable. If the cable off, plug it back correctly, and then return to step 1b. No, check that the indicator light led to the LAN adapter / NIC on the computer to flash or not, usually there are two led lights

- the lights are always blinking network and power lights are usually a constant green. If both indicator lights glow led, then there is no problem with the network. What is the network indicator light is blinking or not?i. YES, there should be no problem with the network.ii. NO, go to step 4

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

4. Log on by using local admin account and check whether the "LAN Card" be disabled?

a. YES, meaning the problem disabled the LAN card, you can right click and select the option

"enabled" keep test again by doing "ipconfig / all" if the IP address has been received? If not, try again with the command "ipconfig / renew", if it could mean is OK.b. NO, proceed to step 5

5. Replace the patch cable with a new / good, whatever you can now log on and access network resources?

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Explaining step Istalasi Operating System

a. YA, maka sampai disini anda menyelesaikan masala.

b. TIDAK, ada tiga kemungkinan sumber masalah: i. NIC adapter rusak ii. Port Switch faulty iii. Kabel LAN antara sambungan di tembok ke Swicth

bermasalah, bisa jadi kabel tersebut diserang / digigit tikus.

6. Jika anda ada LAN tester, itu akan memudahkan anda, anda bisa melakukan testing ke port RJ45 di wall-jack (sambungan ditembok), apakah ada sinyal LAN?

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Menjelaskan Langkah Istalasi Sistem Operasi

a. YES, if the line network is OK, it has damaged the LAN adapter. Replace NIC adapter and jump to step 1.

b. NO, you can be sure now that the source of the problem is the connection cable between the wall (wall-jack) with Switch problems. You can request the cable technician to pull the new cable between the wall-jack to the switch.

7. Congratulations you have completed troubleshooting network problems on a computer that can not mengkases network.

Page 55: Melakukan langkah instalasi sistem operasi 2 english

Teknologi Informasi dan KomunikasiHal.: 55 Isikan Judul Halaman

SMK NEGERI 2 CIKARANG BARAT

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