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  • 1

    MOVING THE MILLIONS New York City Transit

    Brooklyn Connections Professional Learning March 7th, 2016

    Materials from the Brooklyn Collection, Brooklyn Public Library

  • Moving the Millions Professional Learning March 7th, 2016

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Agenda 2

    Presenter Information 3

    Moving Millions Text Set 4

    Primary Sources at the Brooklyn Collection 5

    Brooklyn Transit Project Packet 17

    Thick and Thin Questions Lesson Plan 49

    Research Question Lesson Plan 59

    Discussion Questions 67

  • Moving the Millions Professional Learning March 7th, 2016

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    AGENDA

    9:00am Check-In and Breakfast

    9:30am New York Transit Museum Presentation

    Break

    10:45am New York Transit Museum Tour

    12:15pm Lunch

    1:15pm Brooklyn Connections & Brooklyn Collection Overview

    1:45pm Primary Source Activities with Brooklyn Connections

    2:30pm Group Breakout Sessions

    2:50pm Evaluations and Closing

  • Moving the Millions Professional Learning March 7th, 2016

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    PRESENTER CONTACT INFORMATION

    New York Transit Museum, Brooklyn Heights Corner of Schermerhorn Street & Boerum Place

    718.694.1600

    Hours Tuesday Friday: 10 AM to 4 PM

    Saturday Sunday: 11 AM to 5 PM Closed: Mondays, major holidays and for special events

    For School Program Offerings

    http://www.transitmuseumeducation.org/teachers/ reservations@nyct.com | 718.694.1848

    Kristin Fields Education Coordinator

    Kristin.fields@nyct.com

    718.694.1406

    Polly Desjarlais Education Assistant and Senior Educator

    Polly.desjarlais@nyct.com

    718.694.1406

    Meredith Martin Special Education and Access Coordinator

    Meredith.martin@nyct.com

    718.694.1823

    Desiree Alden-Gonzalez Archivist and Acting Collections Manager

    Desiree.alden@nyct.com

    Brooklyn Connections connections@bklynlibrary.org bklynlibrary.org/connections

    Brooklyn Collection Tours

    The Brooklyn Collection offers one-off school tours for 4th 12th graders as well as college and private groups. Programs can be general archival tours or

    curated research sessions. To book a tour, contact:

    June Koffi - Senior Librarian, Brooklyn Collection jkoffi@bklynlibrary.org | 718.230.2708

  • Moving the Millions Professional Learning March 7th, 2016

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    FURTHER READING

    We recommend the following books and resources, all available at the Brooklyn Public

    Library, to enhance your understanding of how innovations in transportation have

    affected both Brooklyn and New York City.

    The City Beneath Us: Building the New York Subway

    By the New York Transit Museum with Vivian Heller (Editor)

    The Race Underground: Boston, New York, and the Incredible Rivalry That Built America's First Subway By Doug Most

    722 Miles: The Building of the Subways and How They Transformed New York

    By Clifton Hood

    From A Nickel to A Token: The Journey From Board of Transportation to MTA By Andrew J. Sparberg

    Subway Style: 100 Years of Architecture & Design in the New York City Subway

    By the New York Transit Museum

    Under the Sidewalks of New York: The Story of the Greatest Subway System in the World By Brian J. Cudahy

    The Horse in the City: Living Machines in the Nineteenth Century

    By Clay McShane and Joel A. Tarr

  • Moving the Millions Professional Learning March 7th, 2016

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    PRIMARY SOURCES AT THE BROOKLYN COLLECTION

    Guide to the Brooklyn Collection Overview of the Brooklyn Collections resources http://www.bklynlibrary.org/brooklyncollection/our-collections

    Digitized Newspapers and Magazines http://bklyn.newspapers.com/

    o Brooklyn Daily Eagle 1841 1955

    o Brooklyn Life 1890-1931

    Ephemera New York City Transit http://www.bklynlibrary.org/sites/default/files/files/pdf/bc/Ephemera(1).pdf

    Maps and Atlases 1855 1969 Atlases show trolley lines, subway stations, etc. Various subway maps

    Photographs 200,000 photographs, 25,000 digitized Irving Herzberg Subway Series Candid photos of New Yorkers riding the subway Subway Construction Collection: Over 300 images from the early 20th century (c. 1905 -

    1915) depicting the construction of subway lines throughout Brooklyn

    Primary and Secondary Books 1830s Present

    **PRIMARY SOURCES AT THE NEW YORK TRANSIT MUSEUM Thousands of photographs, prints, maps, etc. Digital Collections: http://nytm.pastperfectonline.com/

    Elevation renderings of Brooklyn Bridge. 1954. Print.

    Brooklyn Collection, Brooklyn Public Library.

  • Moving the Millions Professional Learning March 7th, 2016

    7 Hints to Omnibus Passengers. Brooklyn Daily Eagle 27 May 1853. Print.

  • Moving the Millions Professional Learning March 7th, 2016

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    Brooklyn Daily Eagle. The "L" crouches over Fulton Street. 1927. Print. Brooklyn Collection, Brooklyn Public Library.

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    Brooklyn Bridge Trolley. 194-?. Print. Brooklyn Collection, Brooklyn Public Library.

  • Moving the Millions Professional Learning March 7th, 2016

    13 Herzberg, Irving. Myrtle Avenue El. 1958. Print. Brooklyn Collection, Brooklyn Public Library.

  • Moving the Millions Professional Learning March 7th, 2016

    15 Herzberg, Irving. Man and Woman Wearing Winter Coats. 1957. Print. Brooklyn Collection, Brooklyn Public Library.

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    BROOKLYN TRANSIT PROJECT PACKET

    Name: _______________________________________________________________

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  • Brooklyn Connections, Brooklyn Public Library 19

    INTRODUCTORY READING: "New York City Transit - History and Chronology." Mta.info. Metropolitan Transit Authority. Web. 28 Dec. 2015.

    Adaptation

    Private companies originally managed rapid transit routes. Abraham Brower established New York City's first public transportation route in 1827, a 12-seat stagecoach that ran along Broadway from the Battery to Bleecker Street. By 1831, Brower had added the Omnibus to his fleet. The next year, John Mason organized the New York and Harlem Railroad, a street railway that used horse-drawn cars with metal wheels and ran on metal track. By 1855, 593 omnibuses traveled on 27 Manhattan routes and horse-drawn cars ran on street railways on Third, Fourth, Sixth, and Eighth Avenues. Toward the end of the century, electricity led to the development of electric trolley cars, which soon replaced horses. Trolley bus lines, also called trackless trolley coache