Market opportunities for commercial cassava in Ghana ... Opportunities...MARKET OPPORTUNITIES FOR...

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Transcript of Market opportunities for commercial cassava in Ghana ... Opportunities...MARKET OPPORTUNITIES FOR...

  • MARKET OPPORTUNITIES FOR COMMERCIAL CASSAVA IN GHANA, MOZAMBIQUE, AND NIGERIA

    JUNE 2015

  • Contents List of figures ..................................................................................................................................... i

    List of tables ...................................................................................................................................... ii

    1. Executive summary .....................................................................................................................1

    2. Introduction ...............................................................................................................................7

    2.1 Background ............................................................................................................................... 7

    2.2 Report methodology ................................................................................................................. 7

    3. Trends in the global cassava market ............................................................................................9

    3.1 Global market ............................................................................................................................ 9

    3.2 Learning from success in Asia ................................................................................................. 14

    4. Introduction to country reports................................................................................................. 17

    4.1 Cassava industrialization spectrum ......................................................................................... 17

    4.2 Opportunity prioritization matrix ........................................................................................... 18

    5. Ghana ...................................................................................................................................... 20

    5.1 The cassava sector today ........................................................................................................ 20

    5.2 Government policies ............................................................................................................... 21

    5.3 Overview of the value chain ................................................................................................... 22

    5.4 Market growth opportunities ................................................................................................. 23

    5.4.1 High-quality cassava flour (HQCF) ....................................................................................... 27

    5.4.2 Starch .................................................................................................................................. 29

    5.4.3 Ethanol ................................................................................................................................ 31

    5.4.4 Other sub-sectors ................................................................................................................ 32

    5.5 Key constraints and recommendations to promote industrialization .................................... 33

    6. Mozambique ............................................................................................................................ 36

    6.1 The cassava sector today ........................................................................................................ 36

    6.2 Government policies ............................................................................................................... 37

    6.3 Overview of the value chain ................................................................................................... 38

    6.4 Market growth opportunities ................................................................................................. 39

    6.4.1 High-quality cassava flour (HQCF) ....................................................................................... 43

    6.4.2 Starch .................................................................................................................................. 45

    6.4.3 Ethanol ................................................................................................................................ 47

    6.4.4 Other sub-sectors ................................................................................................................ 48

    6.5 Key constraints and recommendations to promote industrialization .................................... 49

    7. Nigeria ..................................................................................................................................... 52

    7.1 The cassava sector today ........................................................................................................ 52

  • 7.2 Government policies ............................................................................................................... 53

    7.3 Overview of the value chain ................................................................................................... 54

    7.4 Market growth opportunities ................................................................................................. 55

    7.4.1 High-quality cassava flour (HQCF) ....................................................................................... 57

    7.4.2 Starch .................................................................................................................................. 59

    7.4.3 Ethanol ................................................................................................................................ 61

    7.4.4 Other sub-sectors ................................................................................................................ 63

    7.5 Key constraints and recommendations to promote industrialization .................................... 64

    8. Smallholder business case ......................................................................................................... 67

    8.1 Economic argument for smallholder farmers ......................................................................... 67

    8.2 Application in Ghana ............................................................................................................... 67

    8.3 Application in Mozambique .................................................................................................... 68

    8.4 Application in Nigeria .............................................................................................................. 69

    8.5 Archetypes of commercial sourcing ........................................................................................ 70

    9. Key findings and recommendations........................................................................................... 73

    9.1 Common constraints and challenges ...................................................................................... 73

    9.2 General recommendations to promote industrialization ....................................................... 74

    9.3 A role for public-private partnerships (PPPs) .......................................................................... 75

    Annexes............................................................................................................................................ A

    A. List of organizations consulted ................................................................................................... A

    B. Bibliography .............................................................................................................................. C

    C. Methodology for market sizing and model assumptions .............................................................. E

  • i

    LIST OF FIGURES

    Figure 1: Top cassava producers globally, 2013 ........................................................................................... 9 Figure 2: Global cassava production by region, 2013 (million MT) .............................................................. 9 Figure 3: Cassava derivatives and their uses .............................................................................................. 10 Figure 4: Global trade in cassava products (millions MT) ........................................................................... 11 Figure 5: Comparison of cassava starch price in Thailand and corn starch price in USA, (US$/MT) .......... 12 Figure 6: Top starch importers in 2013 (000 MT) ...................................................................................... 12 Figure 7: Price of ethanol in Brazil (US$/litre) ............................................................................................ 13 Figure 8: Top ethanol importers, 2013 (million litres) ................................................................................ 13 Figure 9: FOB price of cassava chips in Thailand (US$/MT) ........................................................................ 13 Figure 10: China's imports of fresh or dried cassava .................................................................................. 13 Figure 11: Value of Thailand's cassava product exports ............................................................................. 14 Figure 12: Value of Vietnam's cassava product exports ............................................................................. 16 Figure 13: Spectrum of cassava end-uses ................................................................................................... 17 Figure 14: Country s