Manifest Destiny Unit 7. Causes and Effects of Manifest Destiny.

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Transcript of Manifest Destiny Unit 7. Causes and Effects of Manifest Destiny.

  • Slide 1
  • Manifest Destiny Unit 7
  • Slide 2
  • Causes and Effects of Manifest Destiny
  • Slide 3
  • United States Territorial Acquisition Map
  • Slide 4
  • What is Manifest Destiny? The belief that the United States was destined by God to expand throughout the Continent.
  • Slide 5
  • What was the Northwest Ordinance? Passed in 1787 and set up an orderly way for western lands to become states.
  • Slide 6
  • How did the Northwest Ordinance allow territories to become states? When the population reached 5,000 the settlers could elect their own legislature and become a territory. When the population reached 60,000 they could apply for full statehood.
  • Slide 7
  • Why did the United States grow westward? Americans wanted land. Americans wanted gold. White Americans felt superior to Native Americans, Mexicans, British, etc. (Racism).
  • Slide 8
  • What were the economic causes of Manifest Destiny? Cheap land so that families could farm for themselves. Opportunities to start businesses. Maybe get rich quick with gold.
  • Slide 9
  • What were the social causes of Manifest Destiny? Racism. The belief that one race is better than others.
  • Slide 10
  • What were the political causes of Manifest Destiny? As American territories grew westward. States had to decide to be free or slave. People moved to turn states free or slave.
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  • What were the effects of Manifest Destiny? The United States got bigger. Native Americans and Mexicans lost territory. The United States became an emerging world power.
  • Slide 12
  • The U.S. Mexican War
  • Slide 13
  • What was the Texas Revolution? Texas was a part of Mexico but revolted and became its own country in 1836. Texas wanted to be annexed (become a state) for safety and money reasons.
  • Slide 14
  • Why was Texas Annexation controversial? Texas was annexed (admitted as a state) in 1845. Mexico was upset because they felt Texas still belonged to them.
  • Slide 15
  • What border issue led to the U.S. Mexican War? Mexico and the United States disagreed about their border (Nueces River v. Rio Grande). The Mexican and U.S. army fought in conflicted area and the U.S. Mexican War began.
  • Slide 16
  • Why is the U.S. Mexican War seen as a War of Northern Aggression? The U.S.-Mexican War was an attempt to gain more land. The border fight was just an excuse for war.
  • Slide 17
  • What is the Treaty of Guadalupe- Hidalgo? Treaty that ended the U.S. Mexican War in 1848. The United States gained California, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, and Nevada (CANCUN).
  • Slide 18
  • What is the Mexican Cession? The Mexican Cession are the lands that Mexico lost to the United States in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. California, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, and Nevada (CANCUN).
  • Slide 19
  • What was the Gadsden Purchase? Land purchased in 1854 for 10 million dollars. The land purchased allowed for a transcontinental railroad (across the nation).
  • Slide 20
  • Other Territorial Gains
  • Slide 21
  • What was the Louisiana Purchase? 1803. Purchased from France for 25 million dollars. Doubled the size of the United States.
  • Slide 22
  • How did the United States gain the Oregon Territory? The Oregon Territory was established in a compromise with the British in 1846.
  • Slide 23
  • What was Sewards Folly (Alaska)? Alaska was purchased from Russia by William Seward for 7.2 million dollars.
  • Slide 24
  • Trails and Migration During Manifest Destiny
  • Slide 25
  • What was the Mormon Trail? Mormons were being threatened for their religious ideas and traveled to Utah from Missouri and Illinois from 1846- 1868.
  • Slide 26
  • Why is the Mormon Trail important? Mormons used the trail to practice their religious freedom, just like the Puritans and Pilgrims. Mormons turned Utah from a desert into a successful community.
  • Slide 27
  • Utah Before
  • Slide 28
  • Utah After
  • Slide 29
  • What was the Santa Fe Trail? Route or road from Mexico City and Mississippi River that went through Santa Fe, New Mexico.
  • Slide 30
  • Why is the Santa Fe Trail important? Important for trade, used as the invasion route for the U.S. during the U.S.- Mexican War.
  • Slide 31
  • What was the Oregon Trail? Trail used from 1811 until the 1890s. Trail was from the Mississippi River to Oregon.
  • Slide 32
  • Why is the Oregon Trail important? Over 400,000 used the trail and it helped populate the west of the United States.
  • Slide 33
  • Physical Geography and Manifest Destiny
  • Slide 34
  • What is Physical Geography? The climate, soil, rivers, mountains, and vegetation of a place.
  • Slide 35
  • Why is the Mississippi River important? The largest river in the United States. The river is used for transportation and for farming.
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  • Slide 37
  • Why are the Great Plains important? Flat land without hills, mountains, and very few trees. The water underneath the ground (aquifers) made the Great Plains great farmland.
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  • Slide 39
  • Why are the Rocky Mountains important? The highest mountains in the United States. The Rockies are very hard to cross which made the U.S. buy the Gadsden Purchase.
  • Slide 40
  • Slide 41
  • Why was the Pacific Ocean important? The largest Ocean in the world. The Pacific Ocean was the goal destination of Manifest Destiny.
  • Slide 42
  • Slide 43
  • How did physical geography cause the California Gold Rush? The gold in California brought thousands of people to the state. First step in making California the most populous state in America.
  • Slide 44
  • Manifest Destiny and People
  • Slide 45
  • How did Manifest Destiny affect the lives of millions of people? During Manifest Destiny, thousands of miles of land became American. Some groups lost land, others gained land and opportunity. Everyones life was changed.
  • Slide 46
  • How did Manifest Destiny affect Native Americans? Native Americans lost most of their land during Manifest Destiny and were often moved to remote reservations.
  • Slide 47
  • How did Manifest Destiny affect Europeans? Europeans from many countries, but mostly Irish, British, and Germans came to America looking for land, work, and religious freedom.
  • Slide 48
  • How were the Irish-Americans treated in America? Irish Americans were discriminated against because they were Catholic and poor.
  • Slide 49
  • How were Asian-Americans treated in America? Asian Americans were treated unfairly because of racism and they were seen as competition for work.
  • Slide 50
  • How were Mexican-Americans treated in America? Mexican-Americans were given citizenship in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, but they were discriminated against heavily.