Management Organisations. Useful vocabulary Team structure Matrix structure Project structure...

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Transcript of Management Organisations. Useful vocabulary Team structure Matrix structure Project structure...

  • ManagementOrganisations

  • Useful vocabularyTeam structureMatrix structureProject structureBoundaryless organisationVirtual organisationNetwork organisationLearning organisationCross-functional teamTask force (or ad hoc committee)Communities of practiceOpen innovationStrategic partnershipsTelecommutingCompressed workweekFlextime (or flexible work hours)Job sharingContingent workers

  • Todays lectureWe will:Describe contemporary organisational designsDiscuss how organisations organise for collaborationExplain flexible work arrangements used by organisationsDiscuss organising issues associated with a contingent workforceDescribe todays organisational design challenges

  • Activity whats changed?How have organisations changed over the past 20 years?What environmental factors have influenced organisations?How have people changed?

  • Contemporary organisation designsThe environment in which organisations exist has changed rapidly in the past 20 years. New organisation structures include:TeamMatrixProjectBoundarylessVirtualNetworkLearning

  • Contemporary organisation designs (1)Team Structure - an organisational structure in which the entire organisation is made up of work teams

    Matrix Structure - an organisational structure that assigns specialists from different functional departments to work on one or more projects

  • Contemporary organisation designs (2)Project Structure - an organisational structure in which employees continuously work on projects

    Boundaryless organisation - an organisation whose design is not defined by, or limited to, the horizontal, vertical, or external boundaries imposed by a predefined structure

  • Contemporary organisation designs (3)Virtual organisation - an organisation that consists of a small core of full-time employees and outside specialists temporarily hired as needed to work on projects.

    Network organisation - an organisation that uses its own employees to do some work activities and networks of outside suppliers to provide other needed product components or work processes.

  • Contemporary organisation designs (4)

    Learning organisation - an organisation that has developed the capacity to continuously learn, adapt, and change

  • COD Team design

  • COD - Matrix

  • COD - Boundaryless

  • COD Learning organisation

  • Example of a matrix organisation

  • Collaboration

  • Internal collaborationCross-functional team - a work team composed of individuals from various functional specialties.Task force (or ad hoc committee) - a temporary committee or team formed to tackle a specific short-term problem affecting several departments.

  • Advantages and disadvantages of collaborative working

  • Internal collaborationCommunities of practice - groups of people who share a concern, a set of problems, or a passion about a topic, and who deepen their knowledge and expertise in that area by interacting on an ongoing basis.

  • Communities of practice tips

  • External collaborationOpen innovation - opening up the search for new ideas beyond the organisations boundaries and allowing innovations to easily transfer inward and outward.Strategic partnerships - collaborative relationships between two or more organisations in which they combine their resources and capabilities for some business purpose.

  • Advantages and disadvantages of open innovation

  • Flexible working

  • Flexible workingAs the structures of organisations change, the need for traditional full-time, permanent roles has changed.Types of flexible working include:TelecommutingCompressed workweekFlexi-timeFlexi hoursJob sharing

  • Flexible working (1)Telecommuting - a work arrangement in which employees work at home and are linked to the workplace by computer.

    Compressed workweek - a workweek where employees work longer hours per day but fewer days per week

  • Flexible working (2)Flextime (or flexible work hours) - a scheduling system in which employees are required to work a specific number of hours a week but are free to vary those hours within certain limits.Job sharing - the practice of having two or more people split a full-time job.

  • Contingent workforceContingent workers are workers whose employment is contingent upon demand for their services:temporary freelancecontract

  • Contingent workersWhat impact do you think contingent workers will have on an organisation?Think about the four functions and the design of an organisation.

    What are the challenges a manager might face with contingent workers?

  • Business set upImagine you are setting up a business which provides Information, Advice and Guidance (IAG) for Chinese students who will be starting at university in the UK in September.You are based in China but providing support to students in the UK.In groups, describe your business:mission statementorganisational designcollaborationsflexible working

  • SummaryToday:Contemporary organisation designsCollaborationFlexible working

    Tomorrow:Groups and teams in organisations

  • ReadingPlease read Chapter 13 before tomorrows lecture.