Man Ray . Man Ray in his studio
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Man Ray www.manraytrust.com/ Slide 2 Man Ray in his studio www.manraytrust.com/ Slide 3 Background Basics He was most prevalent in the art world during the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s Primarily participated in the movement of Dada and Surrealism He spent most of his career in Paris until World War II when he returned to the U.S.A. Best known as a photographer Slide 4 Early Life Was born Emanuel Rabinovitch 1890 in Philadelphia grew up in New Jersey Oldest child of a Jewish immigrant tailor Was not a good student, decides not to go to college instead chooses the Bohemian life Slide 5 Life in New York 1910 begins working as a commercial artist Meets Marcel Duchamp one of his greatest influences 1912 adopts name Man Ray (he refuses to acknowledge that he ever had another name than Man Ray) Helps Duchamp bring Dada movement to America Dada cannot live in New York. All New York is dada, and will not tolerate a rival. Slide 6 Dadaism Was, officially, not a movement, its artists not artists and its art not art Dadas only rules were that you must not follow any known rules Marcel Duchamp Fountain 1917 Slide 7 Man Ray Dust Breeding (Elevage de poussiere), 1920 24 x 30.5 cm, Black and white photograph Traces and Time Slide 8 Paris Moves to Paris after separating from his wife Through Duchamp, he meets many artists including Kiki who becomes his model, muse, and lover for six years Took many photos of Kiki. Often used the outline of her body to represent other objects Slide 9 In Paris He met many of his contemporaries who only encouraged and celebrated his surrealist art. He fell in love with Kiki who was his muse, lover, and model for most of the 1920s. Man Ray Le Violin dIngres 1924 gelatin-silver print Slide 10 Rayographs or Photograms Was interested in minimalism and abstraction Experimental prints were called rayographs These were made by placing 3-D obdjects on light sensitive photo paper and exposing it to light. Champs Delicieux no. 5 Slide 11 Rayographs Spiral Spring Slide 12 Rayographs Champs Delicieux no. 1 Slide 13 Man Ray Anatomies 1929 gelatin-silver print 22.6 x 17.2 cm Slide 14 Man Ray Fingers 1930 gelatin-silver print 11 1/2 x 8 3/4 in. Slide 15 Man Ray Larmes (Tears) 1932-33 gelatin-silver print Slide 16 Man Ray Prayer 1930 gelatin-silver print Slide 17 Man Ray Minotaur 1934 gelatin-silver print Slide 18 Man Ray Yves Tanguy 1936 gelatin-silver print Slide 19 Experiments with moving pictures, painting, sculpture and makes portraits with the surrealists WWII forces him to leave the country he moves to Hollywood Slide 20 Hollywood Spends 10 years in Hollywood as a fashion photographer Continues use of minimalist techniques and interesting lighting Helps revolutionize this industry Slide 21 Later life After the war moves back to Paris Continues creating art in Paris until his death in 1976 1975 Slide 22 The Revolutionary Photographer Most artists try to create paintings that looked like photographs, but Man Ray wanted his photographs to look like paintings. He forever changed the world of fashion photography. His photographs maintained his surrealist nature that his paintings portrayed. His photographs showed minimalism, chance, and absurdity. Slide 23 Works sited ""Art and Synesthesia: in search of the synesthetic experience" by Dr. Hugo Heyrman." Net Art - Dr. Hugo Heyrman ( ( (Motions of the Mind) ) ). Web. 31 Jan. 2010.. Baldwin, Neil. Man Ray, American artist. New York: Da Capo, 1991. Print. Gale, Matthew. Dada & Surrealism A&I (Art and Ideas). New York: Phaidon, 1997. Print. "Man Ray | */*." */* ?-- General Special Interest. Web. 31 Jan. 2010.. Man Ray Trust - Offical Site. Web. 31 Jan. 2010.. "OnCulture.eu - Finland - Surrealism and Beyond." OnCulture.eu. Web. 31 Jan. 2010.. Sam, Hunter,. American art of the 20th century. New York: H. N. Abrams, 1972. Print.