MAJOR VEGETABLE PEST AND DISEASES ssadp.com/.../Major-Vegetable-Pest-and-Diseases- M45 Ridomil...

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Transcript of MAJOR VEGETABLE PEST AND DISEASES ssadp.com/.../Major-Vegetable-Pest-and-Diseases- M45 Ridomil...

  • MAJOR VEGETABLE PEST AND DISEASES HANDBOOK

    A FIELD GUIDE FOR SOUTH SUDAN

    Manfred Bitala November 26, 2016 (Revised)

  • SSADP - Major Vegetable Pest and Disease Handbook Page | 2

    Disease Symptoms Control Pesticides trade

    name Active ingredient

    Early blight:

    Tomato

    Eggplant

    Pepper

    Altenaria solani

    brown-black spots on

    leaves Premature

    dropping of lower

    leaves, concentric rings

    on stem and fruits

    Use good certified

    seed

    Observe field

    sanitation

    Remove crop

    residual immediately

    after harvest

    Use crop rotation

    Banko

    Odeon

    Daconil

    Agril, Agrifos

    Amistar xtra

    Othello top

    Amistar

    Othello

    Antracol 70 WP

    Ebony M72

    Folpan 80 WP

    King mill MZ 72

    Ugonall 580 WP

    Ureka 72%

    Winner 72

    Victory 72

    Mistress 72

    Chlorothalonil

    Chlorothalonil

    Chlorothalonil

    Mono & Di-Potassium phosphate

    Azoxystrobin + Cyproconazole

    Azoxystrobin + Difenoconazole

    Azoxystrobin

    Azoxystrobin

    Propineb

    Metalaxyl + Mancozeb

    Folpet 80%

    Metalaxyl+ Mancozeb

    Metalaxyl+Mancozeb

    Metalaxyl+Mancozeb

    Metalaxyl+Mancozeb

    Metalaxyl+Mancozeb

    Metalaxyl+Mancozeb

  • SSADP - Major Vegetable Pest and Disease Handbook Page | 3

    Disease Symptoms Control Pesticides trade

    name Active ingredient

    Late blight:

    Tomato

    Eggplant

    Phytophthora infestans

    Dark and dark water

    soaked lesions on leafs,

    fruits and stem that

    expands rapidly

    Remove lower diseased leaves,

    Use crop rotation

    Use trellising to avoid lower leaves and fruits touching the ground

    Observe field sanitation and remove crop residue immediately after harvesting

    Banko

    Odeon

    Daconil

    Agril, Agrifos

    Amistar

    Othello

    Antracol 70 WP

    Ebony M72

    Folpan 80 WP

    Indofil M45

    Ridomil

    Sicozeb

    Chlorothalonil

    Chlorothalonil

    Chlorothalonil

    Mono & Potassium phosphate

    Azoxystrobin

    Azoxystrobin

    Propineb

    Metalaxyl + Mancozeb

    Folpet 80%

    Mancozeb

    Mancozeb

    Mancozeb

  • SSADP - Major Vegetable Pest and Disease Handbook Page | 4

    Disease Symptoms Control Pesticides trade

    name Active ingredient

    Powderly mildew

    Tomato

    Pepper

    Eggplant

    Okra

    Oidium neolycopersici

    Erysiphe orontii,

    Leveillula taurica

    Whitish Powderly

    lesions on leaves,

    particularly lower leaves

    Avoid irrigation after

    3.00pm and during

    the night since

    wetness on leaves

    accelerates infection

    Amistar

    Othello

    Ortiva

    Antracol 70 WP

    Bayleton

    Dakonil

    Banko

    Odeon

    Tilt 250 EC

    Azoxystrobin

    Azoxystrobin

    Azoxystrobin

    Propineb

    Triadimefon

    Chlorothalonil

    Chlorothalonil

    Clorothalonil

    Propiconazole

  • SSADP - Major Vegetable Pest and Disease Handbook Page | 5

    Disease Symptoms Control Pesticides trade

    name

    Fusarium wilt

    Tomato

    Okra

    Pepper

    Fusarium oxyporum

    Sudden plant wilting from down

    upwards with leaves changing

    from green to yellow colour

    Use crop rotation

    Control measures against

    nematodes

    Use resistant varieties

    Observe basic practice

    plant nutrition requirement

    Proper irrigation

    No known effective

    chemicals

  • SSADP - Major Vegetable Pest and Disease Handbook Page | 6

    Disease Symptoms Control Pesticides

    Bacterial wilt

    affects all solanaeceous

    Pseudomonas

    solanasearum

    Sudden plant wilts from top

    downwards with the colour of

    the wilting plant remaining

    green.

    This happens after the start of

    fruit setting

    Use resistant variety

    Use long crop rotation involving sorghum in rotation

    Observe good agricultural practices

    No known effective

    pesticides available

  • SSADP - Major Vegetable Pest and Disease Handbook Page | 7

    Disease Symptoms Control Pesticides

    Viral diseases

    Affects different crops

    Stunted growth

    Leaf crinkling

    Leaf and fruit mosaic and

    mottling

    Avoid cigarette smoking

    in farm

    Ensure good control of

    white flies, aphids and

    other sucking insects

    Remove and destroy

    affected plants away

    from farm

    No effective chemicals

  • SSADP - Major Vegetable Pest and Disease Handbook Page | 8

    Insect Damages Control Pesticide trade

    name Active ingredient

    White flies

    Tomato

    Pepper

    Okra

    Bamesia tabaci

    Sucking insects.

    Affects plants by sucking water

    from leaves and fruits as well as

    transmitting viral diseases

    Spray liquid soap

    50ml per

    knapsack (15-

    20lts)

    Observe crop

    rotation and field

    sanitation

    Buffalo 100 EC

    Karate 5 EC

    Mitac 20EC

    Ninja 5EC

    TATA MIDA

    200SL

    Dimethotae 20%

    Beta-cyfluthrin &

    Imidacloprid

    Lambda-

    cyhalothrin

    Amitraz 20%

    Lambda-

    cyhalothrin

    Imidacloprid

    Dimethoate 20%

    Actara

    Confidor

    Thiamethoxam

    Imidacloprid

  • SSADP - Major Vegetable Pest and Disease Handbook Page | 9

    Insect Damage Control Pesticide trade

    name Active ingredient

    Aphids

    Tomato

    Pepper

    Eggplant

    Okra

    Aphis spp.

    Sucking insects.

    Affects plants by sucking

    water from leaves and fruits

    as well as transmitting viral

    diseases

    Spray liquid

    soap 50ml per

    knapsack (15-

    20lts)

    Observe crop

    rotation and

    field sanitation

    Actara 25WG

    Attakkan 350 SC

    Buffalo 100 EC

    Celcron 50 EC

    Confidor 70 WG

    Decis

    Dudu cyper

    Cyperscope

    Mega power

    Ambush

    Cyper laser

    Dudu all

    Thiamethoxam

    Imidacloprid

    Betacyfluthrin & Imidacloprid

    Profenofos

    Imidacloprid

    Deltamethrin

    Cypermethrin

    Cypermethrin

    Cypermethrin

    Cypermethrin

    Cypermethrin

    Cypermethrin +Chloropyrifos

  • SSADP - Major Vegetable Pest and Disease Handbook Page | 10

    Pest Damages Control Pesticides trade

    name Active ingredient

    Boll worms

    Tomato

    Okra

    Lepidoptera

    Spodoptera

    Noctuidae

    Sphingidae

    Arctiidae

    Fruit borer.

    Enters the fruits when

    they are young. If not

    controlled can cause

    up to 100% losses

    Observe field

    sanitation

    Crop rotation

    Immediate

    elimination of

    crop residues

    after harvest

    Decis

    Celcron 50 EC

    Diaznon 60%

    Karate 5EC

    Mitac 20EC

    Ninja 5 EC

    Rocket 44EC

    Deltamethrin

    Profenofos

    Diaznon

    Lambda-cyhalothrin

    Amitraz 20%

    Lambda-cyhalothrin

    Profenofos+cypermethrin

  • SSADP - Major Vegetable Pest and Disease Handbook Page | 11

    Pest Damages Control Pesticides trade

    name Active ingredient

    Leaf miner

    Tomato

    Eggplant

    pepper

    Liriomyza sp

    The pests affect

    crops by causing

    visible tunnels on

    leaves

    Observe field

    sanitation

    Crop rotation

    Immediate removal

    of crop residue after

    harvest.

    Dont over use one

    type of pesticide

    Attakkan 350 SC

    Buffalo 100 EC

    Celcron 50EC

    Confidor 70 WG

    Diazinon 60%

    TC imidacloprid

    Imidacloprid

    Betacyfluthrin &

    Imidacloprid

    Imidacloprid

    Imidacloprid

    Diaznon

    Imidaclopprid+

    Acetamiprid

  • SSADP - Major Vegetable Pest and Disease Handbook Page | 12

    Pest Damages Control Pesticide trade

    name Active ingredient

    Root knot nematodes

    tomato

    Pepper

    Eggplant

    Okra Meloidogyne spp

    Stunted growth

    Wilting and formation

    of root nodules

    Observe farm

    history before

    planting

    Use crop rotation

    and resistant

    varieties

    Fenomen 400 EC Fenamiphos 40%

  • SSADP - Major Vegetable Pest and Disease Handbook Page | 13

    Disease Symptoms Control Pesticide trade

    name Active ingredient

    Downy mildew

    Allium

    Perenospora destructor

    Pale green oval shaped lesions with brownish spores on leaves

    Observe crop rotation

    field and stores sanitation

    Agril 407, Agrifos 400

    Antracol 70 WP

    Folpan 80 WP

    Milraz 76 WP

    Mistress

    Previcur Energy

    Indofil M45

    Ugonall 580

    Ureka 72

    King mill MZ 72

    Mono and Di-Potassium phosphate

    Propineb

    Folpet 80%

    Propineb + Cymoxanil

    Cymoxanil + Mancozeb

    Propamocarb + Fosetyl