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  • 68

    2015 27 10 24 25

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    840-8502 1

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    TEL (092) 642-2393 FAX (092) 642-2393 E-mail: [email protected] HP: http://kyushu-elsj.sakura.ne.jp

  • 2015-16

    2015-16

  • 840-8502 1 TEL 0952-28-8113

    •! 15 4

    4 11 12 63

    •! 10 •! 20

    2 http://kyushu-elsj.sakura.ne.jp/

  • http://www.saga-u.ac.jp/gaiyo1/campusmap/index.html

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    1,000

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    123 1 1

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  • 68

    2015 10 24 25

    1 10 24

    1 1

    13 00

    13 30 14 10

    1 111 1. Under Western Eyes

    2. The Collector

    2 121 1.

    2.

    3 125 1. Adjunction LF

    2. A Contrastive Study of Negative Polarity Items between Chinese and English The Case of renhe and any WANG JINDAN

  • 15 17 30

    1 111

    2 121

    3 125

    ____________________________________________________________________________

    18 30 20 30 CAFE SONESS 5,000 3,000

    840-8502 1 TEL 0952-40-2911 → 1

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    2 10 25 9 20 1

    10 10 40 11 20 12 12 40

    1 111

    1.

    2.

    3.

    4.

  • 5. Records of Early English Drama

    2 121

    1. The Haunted Man

    2.

    3. Wild Irish and Gentle English Stereotypical Imagery in Grace Stebbing’s “Wild Kathleen, or Both Sides

    of the Channel” Nikolay Gyulemetov

    4. 18

    5.

    3 125 1.

    2. Tim O’Brien If I Die in a Combat Zone The Things They Carried

    3.

    4. Karen Tei Yamashita

    5.

    4 129

    1.

    2. There

  • 3. ―

    4.

    5.

    14 00 211

    15 30 211

  • 1 10 24

    -------------------------------------------------------------

    1 111

    1.

    Under Western Eyes

    19 20

    Joseph Conrad1857-1924 Under Western Eyes 1911 20

    Under Western Eyes Razumov Conrad

    2.

    The Collector

    John Fowles The Collector

    Jean Baudrillard

    Miranda Clegg

    Clegg

  • 2 121

    1.

    196050

    1965

    1988/

    20

    1960

    /

    2.

    1986

  • 3 125

    1. Adjunction LF

    ― scopeRaising (Kayne

    (1994)) Orphanage (Cinque (2008)) Adjunction (Del Gobbo (2003, 2007))

    DP LFCP

    Del Gobbo LFillocutionary

    force/clause type 2. A Contrastive Study of Negative Polarity Items between Chinese and

    English: The Case of renhe and any WANG JINDAN

    This study is a tentative research to characterize the syntactic properties of negative polarity items through the observation of the phenomena in Chinese and English, paying attention to the contrast between renhe and any. (1) a. I have*(n't) got any medicine. b. wo *(bu) renshi renhe ren.

    I not know any person “I don’t know anybody” (2) a. *Any student did not come to school. b. * renhe xuesheng meiyou wenti.

    any student not have questions “No students have questions.”

    (3) a. Did you eat anything? b. ni chi *renhe/shenme dongxi le ma?

    you eat any/what thing ASP Qu? “Did you eat anything?” There are both similarities and differences between the NPIs in Chinese and English. Although both require negative expressions with a specific syntactic relation as in (1) and (2), renhe cannot be used in questions unlike any, as in (3). In place of renhe, an indefinite wh-phrase shenme is widely. In this study I want to explicate the distribution of renhe and identify its NPI status in light of the minimalist theory. Based on this syntactic study, I want to see whether Chinese has the same structure as English in negative sentences.

  • ---------------------------------------------------------

    1 111

    2016

    (1595)

    15

    (1599)

    15

  • 1790 1820

    20

    20 “John Bull”

    “John Bull” 20

  • 2 121

    1960

    50

    1950 Saul Bellow

    “I am an American” Augie March

    WASP Henderson the Rain King (1959)

    100

    1960 1950

  • Javier Moscosotheatrical ―

    Hans-Thies Lehmann

    Tennessee

    Williams Rajiv Joseph Sarah KaneVito Acconci Ron Athey

    Ellen Bryson The Transformation of Bartholomew Fortuno Steven Millhauser “The Barnum Museum” Mark Z. Danielewski

    House of LeavesEvelyne Ender

  • 3 125

    Chomsky (1995)

    (phase) (Chomsky (2000, 2001, 2008))

    (extraposition)

    (labeling algorithm) (Chomsky (2013, 2014))(gerund)

    (fragment) (free indirect speech/represented speech)

    (1) (direct speech)(indirect speech) (free indirect speech/represented speech)

    (1) a. The small boy could not understand. He thought, “What is work? Why is my brother

    working? What delight comes to a man from working?” (direct speech) b. The small boy could not understand. He asked himself what work was, why his

    brother was working and what delight came to a man from working. (indirect speech) c. The small boy could not understand. What was work? Why was his brother working?

    What delight came to a man from working? (free indirect speech)

    Crnič and Trinh (2009)

  • (root sentences)(Hiroe (2013, 2014))

    2

    (1) (1)! I saw a boy yesterday that I didn’t know.

    (2)! I saw [DP a boy tCP ] yesterday [CP that I didn’t know].

    ― ―

    (3)! I saw [DP a boy] yesterday [CP that I didn’t know].

    (2)

    ― Internal Merge External Merge

    ― ―

    Chomsky (2013, 2014) Internal Merge External Merge

    Merge Merge over MoveMerge

    transfer (interpretation) phase(evaluate) Chomsky ― phase

  • Minimalist

    GB Abney

    (1987) Phase Pires (2006)Phase

    ― CP ―Minimalist

    (Sentence Fragment)

  • 2 10 25

    ------------------------------------------------------------- 1 111

    1. 2.

    1812

    3.

    ‘authority’

    3 65 1

  • 4.

    (1564 - 1593) (1592)

    Vice Devil

    5. Records of Early English Drama

    REED Records of Early English Drama 16 17

    197923 REED

    1583

    REED

  • 2 121

    1. The Haunted Man

    Charles Dickens The Haunted Man― Dickens 19

    Redlaw Milly2 influence

    2. ――

    (Thomas Hardy) (Far from the Madding Crowd, 1874)

  • 3. Wild Irish and Gentle English Stereotypical Imagery in Grace Stebbing’s “Wild Kathleen, or Both Sides of the Channel”

    Nikolay Gyulemetov

    “Wild Kathleen, or Both Sides of the Channel” (published serially in 1881) is a short novel by Grace Stebbing about three young girls in late Victorian England. Throughout the story Kathleen is depicted as a rebel, refusing to conform to the rigid image of a Victorian lady, challenging the rules and getting herself and her friends in trouble. The depiction and development of the characters shows a variety of stereotypical imagery (social, gender, moral and ethnic) about what young girls are and can aspire to be. The purpose of this presentation is to discuss the role and influence of this imagery as part of Stebbing's work as well as its position in the Victorian educational system for young girls.

    4. 18 ――

    18

    Max Novak ‘Age of Disguise’

    1819

    5.

    3 125 1.

  • 2. Tim O’Brien If I Die in a Combat Zone The Things They Carried

    Tim O’Brien If I Die in a Combat Zone 20The Things They Carried 2

    O’Brien

    Tim O’Brien If I Die in a Combat Zone The Things They Carried

    3.

    (CE IV 8) (CE IV 14)

    (CE XIV 173)

    1857

    (Nondescript)

    4. Karen Tei Yamashita

  • Karen Tei Yamashita

    YamashitaYamashita

    Yamashita

    5.

    4 129 1.

    2. There

    There 2 (Milsark (1974))

    (1)

    a. There is a man in the room. b. There exists a man in the park.

    (2) There (Rochemont & Culicover (1990)) a. There walked into the bed room a unicorn. b. There crossed her mind a most horrible thought.

    bethere (1)

    Nakajima (1996) Nishihara (1999)

    there

    there Rizzi (1997)CP vP (Maeda

    (2008))

  • 3. ―

    Chomsky (2013, 2014) ―

    TP CP

    Chomsky (2014) TP CT ―

    Wh C φ ― Q ―T wh TP

    wh whwh

    4.

    (1976) (1981) Hinds (1986) (2004, 2009) (2005) (2005)(2014)

    natural pathnatural path cf. Langacker (1991)

    5.

  • 211

    The Great Gatsby Great Expectations “An

    Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge” 19741946 1962

    26YouTube

    1956 1984 Dickens in Japan: Bicentenary Essays (

    ) 20

    Thomas Hardy, The Hand of Ethelberta (Everyman Paperback) Wilkie Collins, Miss or Mrs?, The Haunted Hotel, The Guilty River (Oxford World’s Classics) Norman PageMary Elizabeth Braddon, John Marchmont’s Legacy (Oxford World’s Classics) Norman Page

    G. K. Chesterton, Charles Dickens (Wordsworth Editions) Oxford Reader’s Companion to Hardy (Oxford UP) Charles Dickens in Context (Cambridge UP)