Lucien freud resource

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  1. 1. Looking at Drawing through LUCIAN FREUD
  2. 2. All About Freud...
    He is still alive today
    His early years were simple and untroubled, with plenty of time for his active imagination to wander freely!
    In April 1940, Freud's name was put
    before the public for the 1st time in the 3rd issue of Cyril
    Connollys magazine Horizon
    Born in Berlin (December 8th 1922) and came to England with parents before the war (1933)
    He discovered a love for painting
  3. 3. 20th Century Artist
    He is known as the greatest figurative painter of our time.
    What does this mean?
    Since the arrival of abstract art the term figurative has been used to refer to any form of modern art that retains strong references to the real world and particularly to the human figure. In a general sense figurative also applies retrospectively to all art before abstract art.
    www.tate.org.uk
    NOT to be mixed up with the psychologist Sigmund Freud
    (his grandfather)
  4. 4. He also liked to paint
    The female nude remains the most powerful form inFreudswork. He liked to KNOW the person, rather than have a paid model so he tended to use friends, lovers and relatives.
    Freudseemed to celebrate the naked body as a whole; covered in light and life, without deceit or cunning, just the uncovered honesty of female flesh
    BUT...
    Obviously not appropriate for young children to see
    SO...
    Could take sections of skin to study instead
  5. 5. He enjoyed the reality of having
    someone in front of him to copy directly:
    He worked with his subjects on portraits very slowly. Subjects described the experience of sitting for him as very intense but others have said how he makes them special, that he gives everything to them until the process is over.
    "I could never put anything into a picture that wasn't actually there in front of me. That would be a pointless lie, a mere bit of artfulness."
    "I paint what I see, not what you want me to see"
    THIS IS SUCH A GOOD EXAMPLE TO FOLLOW.
    NEED TO PROVIDE OPPORTUNITIES FOR CHILDREN TO PRACTISE THIS
  6. 6. Timeline of Freuds work
    Early pencil works, still life detailed portraits
    Loch Ness from Drumnadrochit
    Girl in a green dress
    New Yorker
    1940
    2007
    1950
    Stephen Spender
    Girl in a fur coat
    Woman with a daffodil
  7. 7. Other artists with a similar style
    IN PAINTING
    ALL VERY REALISTIC
    Stanley Spencer
    John Minton
    Samuel Palmer
    Chuck Close
  8. 8. Unit of Work
    SELF PORTRAITS
    Look at portraits by other artists
    How have the artists conveyed ideas about themselves? How do the artists show themselves? As a painter? As a mother? As a friend? As a person with status?
    Ask the children to suggest why portraits are made, e.g. to record an important time in a person's life, to project a powerful image of the person, to portray individuals as wealthy, knowledgeable or hard working.
    Make a collection of photos of the class
    - Baby photos/current photos: How have they changed?
    Face proportions
    How many noses make up the whole length of the head? Where are the eyes positioned in relation to the ears? Etc.
  9. 9. SIMILAR ARTISTS
    Portrait of Mark Gertler(Unknown Artist)
    KatheKollwitz
    AdrianPiper
    Adolf Von
    Menzel
    Jean-francois
    Millet
    Henri Matisse
  10. 10. The Refugees (1941)
  11. 11. Talking about the work
    THE REFUGEES (1941)
    Oil painting. Very rigid composition. Strong contrast between dark clothing and background to light faces. This creates an eerie effect. Sad faces.
    • Obvious link to the war: great opportunity for some cross-curricular work.How does the picture make you feel?
    • 12. Could talk about whyFreud has given the people completely white faces. Although this is not 100% realistic what effect does it give.
  12. Task . . .
    Get children to try to recreate the image but with their own people (friends or family) use dark colours for clothing and very light colours for the faces
    OR
    Children draw individual head and shoulder portraits in the style of Freud and then joined together to form a whole class portrait. Completed in blacks, greysand white
  13. 13. A boy with a pipe (1943)
  14. 14. Talking about the work
    A boy with a pipe (1943)
    Pencil drawing. Simple yet effective technique. Small areas of shadow draw the viewer into the picture. Person placed to one side. Nothing in the background.
    • This a great starting place for children when looking at portraiture. There is not a lot of detail the focus is on the outline of the figure.
  15. Task...
    Could introduce the children to continuous line drawings and encourage them to try this technique.
    Speed/timed drawings: give children specific time slots (2 mins, 40 secs etc) to draw a partner in sketch book.
  16. 15. Man at Night (1947/8)
  17. 16. Talking about the work
    Man at night (1947/48)
    • Pen and ink
    • 17. Simplistic drawing features have been simplified but exaggerated
    • 18. Basic use of shadow in background contrasts against the light face
    • 19. Figure slightly to one side.
  18. Task...
    On whiteboard, get children to pick out shapes that they can see (e.g. Triangle in the nose).
    Look at cubism and artists such as Picasso.
    Can they draw their face using different shapes that they have looked at in maths?
  19. 20. A Woman Painter (1954)
  20. 21. Talking about the work
    A woman painter (1954)
    • Incredibly realistic
    • 22. Fantastic use of tone
    • 23. Expression (caught in the moment)
    • 24. Bold contrast between light face and background with dark clothing
    • 25. Captured texture of the skin
  21. Task...
    Take photos of the children and print them off so that they have one each/between two. Use viewfinders to pick out a small section of face. Draw an enlarged version of it an focus on tone:Where are the light areas? Dark areas? What shapes can you see?
  22. 26. Useful Resources
    for personal skills
    AND
    for use within the classroom
    A Step-by-step guide on how to draw a face:
    http://www.theartgallery.com.au/kidsart/activities/draw/face/
    Edit photos to make them look like work from a particular movement:
    www.befunky.com
    Artist Workshops:
    http://www.artisancam.org.uk/pages/workshops.php?artist=chun
    Teaching to Draw
    (teacher notes)
    http://drawsketch.about.com/cs/kidsdrawing/a/teachkids.htm
    Art lesson on drawing
  23. 27. http://www.standards.dfes.gov.uk/schemes2/art/art1a/01aq1?view=get
    http://www.tate.org.uk/collections/glossary/definition.jsp?entryId=104
  24. 28. Cross-curricular learning
    MATHS
    • Dimensions of face/other body parts
    • 29. Shapes within the face (could look at cubism OR create a face using 2D shapes
    HISTORY
    • Time period in which the art work was done
    • 30. Look at content Was it influenced by anything during that time (e.g. War)
    PSHE
    - Why are people different? How can we tell from their appearances?
  25. 31. I hope that this resource is useful for you in your teaching