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Transcript of LONDON MUSEUMS British MuseumNational Gallery Museum

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  • LONDON MUSEUMS British MuseumNational Gallery Museum
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  • British Museum
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  • Gold body-chain from the Hoxne hoard SCULPTURE COLOURS: Light DETAILS: Material: Gold INTERPRETATION AND SYMBOLISM This beautiful body-chain was buried by someone to keep it safe, along with other jewellery and gold, but the person who hid it never came back for it - we don't know why. The chain is very small, so was probably worn by a girl or slender woman. Whoever she was, she must have been rich - it is made of solid gold and gemstones. A few final facts... The body chain as an ornament has a long history. Images of it can be seen in both Hellenistic and Roman art, but actual examples like this one are extremely rare.
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  • Chelsea porcelain Cleopatra vases VASECOLOURS: Black and yellow SUBJECT: Gender roles INTERPRETATION AND SYMBOLISM: The first pieces of porcelain to enter the Museum collection in 1763. The scenes represent the Death of Cleopatra.
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  • Colossal statue of a man from the Mausoleum at Halikarnassos. SCULPTURECOLOURS: Light SUBJECT: Nature NATIONALITY: Greek PERIOD: Around 350BC DETAILS: Rocks INTERPRETATION AND SYMBOLISM: This is the best preserved of the colossal dynastic figures from the Mausoleum, event thought it has been reconstructed from at least seventy-seven fragments.
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  • Human headed minged buld and protective spirit SCULPTURE ABOUT THE AUTOR: -NAME: Khorsabad -NATIONALITY: Assyrian -PERIOD: About 710-705 BC COLOURS: Bright SUBJECT: Religious DETAILS: WEIGHT: 16 toons INTERPRETATION AND SYMBOLISM: These gigantic figures guarded one side of one of the gentes into the citadely and where intented to deter evil of all kinds from entering. The corresponding figures from the opposite of the same gateway are displayed to the sight. The Assyarans moved each bull in one Piece, bot for transport to England it was sawn into four pieces.
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  • Head of a horse of selene from the east pediment of the parthenon. SCULPTURECOLOURS: Light SUBJECT: Nature INTERPRETATION AND SYMBOLISM: This is the head of a horse from the Chariot of the moon-goddes Selene. She balanced the group of Helios in the other of the pediment. The horse is weary from its night-long labour: the eye bulges, the nostrils flare and the mouth gopes.
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  • Painted Terracotta sarcophagus of Seianti Hanunia Tlesnasa PAINTED TERRACOTTA SARCOPHAGUS OF SEIANTI HANUNIA TLESNASA ABOUT THE AUTHOR: -NAME: Poggio Cantarello -NATIONALITY: Estruscan -PERIOD: About 150-130 BC COLOURS: LightSUBJECT: Religious SCULPTURE INTERPRETATION AND SYMBOLISM: The dead woman, her name inscribed on the base of her chest, was dearly a well to do lady. She reclines upon a wattress and pillow, holding an open lidded mirror in her left hand and raising her right hand to adjust her mantle. She wears a tunic with high girdle and bordered cloack, and her jewellery comprises a tiara, earrings, necklace, bracelets and finger rings. The skeleton from the sacoophagus was found to belong to a woman who was about 50 years old at the time of her death. A reconstruction of her appearance at this age is shown on the wall to your left.
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  • Bronze head of Augustus ABOUT THE AUTHOR: -NATIONALITY: Egypt -PERIOD: About 27-25 BC COLOURS: Bronze SUBJECT: Gender roles DETAILS: -MATERIAL: Bronze -HEIGHT: 47,75 cm SCULPTURE INTERPRETATION AND SIMBOLISM This head once formed part of a statue of the emperor Augustus (ruled 27 BC-AD 14). In 31 BC he defeated Mark Antony and Cleopatra at the battle of Actium and took possession of Egypt, which became a Roman province. The writer Strabo tells us that statues of Augustus were erected in Egyptian towns near the first cataract of the Nile at Aswan and that an invading Kushite army looted many of them in 24 BC. Although Roman counter-attackers reclaimed many of the statues, they did not reach Mero, where this head was buried beneath the steps of a native temple dedicated to Victory. It seems likely that the head, having been cut from its statue, was placed there deliberately so as to be permanently below the feet of its Meroitic captors. The head of Augustus appears larger than life, with perfect proportions based upon Classical Greek notions of ideal human form. His calm distant gaze, emphasised with inset eyes of glass and stone, give him an air of quiet, assured strength. Coins and statues were the main media for propagating the image of the Roman emperor. This statue, like many others throughout the Empire, was made as a continuous reminder of the all-embracing power of Rome and its emperor.
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  • Wool dress ORNAMENTCOLOURS: Light DETAILS: Material: Gold INTERPRETATION AND SYMBOLISM These ornaments may suggest the owners name.
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  • National Gallery Museum
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  • The Thames below Westminster ABOUT THE ACTOR: Name: Claude Oscar Monet Period: 1840-1923 Type of art paiting: Landscape Colours: Light Subject: Nature Details: Oil on canvas
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  • Equestrian Portrait of Cherles I ABOUT THE AUTOR: -Name: Anthony Van Dyc -Nationality: Holand -Period: 1599-1641 TYPE OF ART: Painting (portrait) COLOURS: Bright SUBJECT: Gender roles INTERPRETATION AND SYMBOLISM: In 1625, King Charles I (1600 - 1649) succeeded his father James I as King of Great Britain and Ireland. Van Dyck became his Court Painter in 1632, and created images of him which expressed the King's belief in his Divine Right to govern. This portrait probably dates from the later years of Van Dyck's English period, about 1637, not long before the outbreak of the Civil War which led to the King's execution in 1649. The Gallery's picture shows Charles I wearing the medallion of a Garter Sovereign, riding as if at the head of his knights. He is dressed in armour and holding a commander's baton. The magnificent horse, and the subdued but rich colours of the saddlecloth, landscape and the page holding the helmet complement the elegance of the rider.
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  • The judgement of Paris: Version 1 ABOUT THE AUTOR: -Name: Peter Paul Rubens -Period: 1577-1640 TYPE OF ART: Painting ( Nude-Landscape) COLOURS: Light SUBJECT: Nature and god/goddes DETAILS: Material: Oil and cak INTERPRETATION AND SYMBOLISM: He interpretates a lot of Greek and Roman culture.
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  • Piero della Francesca, the Baptism of Christ ABOUT THE AUTOR: -Name: Piero della Francesca -Nationality: Italian -Period: 1415-20/1492(1450s) TYPE OF ART: - Painting: Portrait COLOURS: Light SUBJECT: Religious DETAILS: -Material: Egg tempera on poplar
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  • Leonardo da Vinci, The virgin of the Rocks ABOUT THE AUTHOR: -Name: Leonardo da Vinci -Nationality: Italian -Period: 1452-1519 TIPE OF ART: -Painting: portrait COLOURS: bright SUBJECT: religious INTERPRETATION AND SYMBOLISM: The Virgin holds out her hand adove the christ child, who unusually is seated on the ground. Supported by an angel, he blesses his cousin, the infant Saint John the Baptist. Since the Baptist is protected by the Virgin and is not wearing his usual camel skin he could be mistaken for Christ. He cross and scroll were added by a later artist to avoid confusion. The rocky setting was Leonardos invention. The painting was made for an elaborate sculped altar in the chapel of the Confraternity of the Immaculate Conception in San Franciscok, Milan. How much of the painting Leonardo executed himself is disputed. The best preserved parts( especially the Angels head) could only be by h im. Much of the background may be by an assistant.
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  • The Arnolfini Portrait ABOUT THE AUTHOR: -Name: Jan Van Eyck -Natinality: Cow Countries -Period: 1422-1441 TYPE OF ART: -Painting:portrait COLOURS: light SUBJECT: religious (Mamge ceremony) DETAILS: oil on oak panel INTERPRETATION AND SYMBOLISM: On the wall is a momor, it certanly refers to his autorship.
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  • A regatta on the Grand Canal ABOUT THE AUTOR: -Name: Canaletto -Nationality: Venician -Period: 1740-1900 TYPE OF ART PAINTING: -Landscape COLOURS: Light Subject: Reggata DETAILS: Oil and canvas INTERPRETATION AND SYMBOLISM: One of the Venetian spectacles was the reggata which took place, during the carnival celebrations Prominent Venecian families lavishey decorated their boats. Several people are wedring typical carnival costume of a beack mask and cape. The frame was desgned to suit the mid-18th-century English interior for which the painting was purchased.
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  • Le Chapeau de Paille ABOUT THE AUTHOR: -Name: Peter Paul Rubens -Period: 1577-1640 TYPE OF PAINTING: -Portrait COLOURS: Light SUBJECT: Nature DETAILS: Oil and cak INTERPRETATION AND SYMBOLISM: He interpretates Greek and Roman culture also portraits.
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  • Salome with the head of John the Baptist ABOUT THE AUTHOR: -Name: Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio -Nationality: Italian -Period: 1571-1610 TYPE OF PAINTING: Portrait COLOURS: Light SUBJECT: Religious DETAILS: -Material:Oil and canvas ITERPRETATION AND SYMBOLISM: King Herod, was so entranted by Salomes dancing that he promised to grant any wish. Salome aked for the head of Saint John the Baptist on a plate. In many deptitions Salome appears triumphant, but here she tunrs away from the grisly fight. The old womans gesture encourages a sorrowful response to the dramatic event.
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  • Boy Bitten by a Lizard (1595- 1600) ABOUT THE AUTHOR -Name: Michelangelo Merisi da Caravagg