Literacy Techniques/Kite Runner

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  • 1.writing techniquesMonday, 17 August 2009

2. tone Monday, 17 August 2009 3. the writer's attitude toward thematerial and/or readers. Tone may beplayful, formal, intimate, angry, serious, ironic, outraged, bafed, tender, serene, depressed, etc. Monday, 17 August 2009 4. mood Monday, 17 August 2009 5. a mood or atmosphere is the feeling that a literary work conveys toreaders. Mood is created through theuse of plot, character, the authors descriptions, etc. Monday, 17 August 2009 6. themeMonday, 17 August 2009 7. The main idea or underlying meaning of a literary work. A theme may be stated or implied. Themes may be major or minor. A major theme is an idea the author returns to time and again. It becomes one of the most important ideas in the story. Minor themes are ideas that may appear from time to time. Monday, 17 August 2009 8. themeIt is important to recognise the differencebetween the theme of a literary workand the subject of a literary work. Thesubject is the topic on which an authorhas chosen to write. However, the thememakes some statement about orexpresses some opinion on that topic.Monday, 17 August 2009 9. Ways to identify themes1. Themes are expressed and emphasised by the way the authormakes us feel.2. Themes are presented in thoughts and conversations. Lookfor thoughts that are repeated throughout the story.3. Themes are suggested through the characters. The maincharacter usually illustrates the most important theme of thestory. e.g. what does the main character learn in the course ofthe story?4. The actions or events in the story are used to suggest theme.One thing authors think about is what an action will "say". Inother words, how will the action express an idea or theme?Monday, 17 August 2009 10. Betrayal Ethnic Healing LoyaltytensionsChoices Honour Lying EvilClass Immigrant Politics Distinctions Fathers and experiencesons PowerComing ofImmigrant ageForgiveness experienceand the Redemption Competition FearAmerican Religion Courage Freedom Dream Salvation Cowardice Friendship Injustice Search for Cruelty Goodness Living up to Identityparents Guilt expectations TruthCultural differences Happiness Love Wealth Monday, 17 August 2009 11. foreshadowingMonday, 17 August 2009 12. An authors use of hints or clues to suggest events that will occur later in the story. Not all foreshadowing is obvious. Frequently, future events are merely hinted at through dialogue, description, or the attitudes and reactions of the characters.Monday, 17 August 2009 13. Foreshadowing frequently serves twopurposes.It builds suspense by raising questionsthat encourage the reader to go on andnd out more about the event that isbeing foreshadowed.Foreshadowing is also a means of makinga narrative more believable by partiallypreparing the reader for events whichare to follow.Monday, 17 August 2009 14. Characters Monday, 17 August 2009 15. They have good and bad qualities. Their goals,ambitions and values change. A round characterchanges as a result of what happens to him orher. A character who changes inside as a resultof what happens to him is referred to inliterature as a DYNAMIC character. A dynamiccharacter grows or progresses to a higher levelof understanding in the course of the story. Monday, 17 August 2009 16. Protagonist Monday, 17 August 2009 17. The main character in the storyMonday, 17 August 2009 18. Antagonist Monday, 17 August 2009 19. The character or force thatopposes the protagonist.Monday, 17 August 2009 20. Foil Monday, 17 August 2009 21. A character who provides acontrast to the protagonist. Monday, 17 August 2009 22. Point of view Monday, 17 August 2009 23. First Person The narrator is a character in the story who can reveal only personal thoughts and feelings and what he or she sees and is told by other characters. He cant tell us thoughts of other characters. Monday, 17 August 2009 24. Third-Person ObjectiveThe narrator is an outsider who canreport only what he or she sees andhears. This narrator can tell us what ishappening, but he cant tell us thethoughts of the characters. Monday, 17 August 2009 25. Third-Person LimitedThe narrator is an outsider whosees into the mind of one of thecharacters. Monday, 17 August 2009 26. OmniscientThe narrator is an all-knowingoutsider who can enter the mindsof more than one of the characters. Monday, 17 August 2009