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    Lets learn Urdu

    Maqsood Hasni

    Complied by:

    Prof. Mohammad Abdullah Qazi (PhD Isl. Stds., PhD

    linguistics)

    Principal Govt College, Bahawal nagar (Pakistan)

    A-

    Alphabet sounds

    Group 1

    Group 1 is consists of one sound but it provides two sounds i.e. alif and alaf. It is first

    alphabet sound of the Urdu tongue. This sound is a common sound of world languagesbut inJapanese this sound is only used as a vawal.

    For example

    Kamisan (wife) Bivi

    Ka: (prononciation kha , / and ka) a for al'af (not alif)

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    (baba) an old man, father's elder brother, father's father/mother's father/grand father

    (ab) now, at this time, presently

    (girja) church

    (baja) a musical instrument

    (baji) elder sister

    (bapu) father

    (kirpa) mercsy

    good deed, to do better for some one

    A (as alaf not alif)

    English

    about, alhabet, Japan (pronounce al'laf not al'lif)

    Group 2

    There are five sounds in this group:

    (b) bay/be

    baresh, rain

    bagh, garden

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    bal, power

    bawarchi, cook

    bundar, monkey

    B book, box, butcher, broker, butter

    (p) pay/pe

    pani, water

    punkha, fan/ hand fan

    paadri, priest

    parwana, moth

    pilla pupy

    P parrot, pony, pig, peacock, point

    (t) tay

    talwaar, sword

    titli, butterfly

    titar, partridge

    tarbooz, watermelon

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    tala, lock

    Sound is not found in english but it is very common in the subcontinentlanguages/toungs.

    (t) tay/te

    topi, cap

    tamatar, tomato

    chonti, ant

    takhna, ankle

    khatmal, pug

    T train, try, tree, out, net

    (s, c) say/se

    samar, fruit

    sani, second

    assar,affect

    mowassar, persuasive

    saqafat, culture

    warsa, heritage

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    chour, theif

    chouka, sixer

    chuha, rat

    This sound is not found in English alphabet but is pronounced by compound sound Ch

    Ch Chit, check, church,chest

    hay

    hukam, order

    harkat, moment

    haqiqat, fact

    hazri, presence

    hissa, part, share

    Hen, husband, human, hand, holy

    khay

    khaal, mole

    khali, empty

    khargosh,rabbit/here

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    kharash, bruise

    khasrah, measles

    khas, special

    This sound is not found in English alphabet but is pronounced by compound soundKh

    Group 4

    This sound is not found in english alphabet but often apperars in some english words i.e. this, that etc. In fact th compound sound is pronounced (thay)

    as an thought, think, through, though thing etc. Its subtitute and more closes soundfor writing in the roman Urdu is d. The same is also used for

    darakht, tree

    darjan, twelve

    darwaza, door

    daigcha, cooker

    (cooker is not proper enlish for daigcha. This pot is in common used inthe Punjab)

    daraanti, sickle

    doudh, milk

    darya, river

    dakhal, inter

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    daal

    dali, branch (tree)

    dakiya, postman

    dar, fear

    mandak, frog

    mandha, ram

    hadi, bone

    Dreem, dog, different, door, dig, done

    Under, children, code

    Deed, dead, end, kid

    zaal (z)

    Zakhira, stock

    Zati, private/personal

    Nafaaz, enforcement

    Zimadaar, responsible

    Zahanat, intellect

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    Zaria, mode/source

    Zoo, zeal,

    Recognize, size, dozen

    Freez, creez

    Group 5

    ( ray (r

    rehna, to live

    rang, clour

    raan, thigh

    rag,vein

    ridh ki hadi, back bone

    Reader, river, regard, road, reverse, round, reaction, ready

    (r/d) this sound is not found in English alphabet

    aaru/aadu, peach

    akran, cramp

    jour, joint

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    khalari, player/athlete

    kaikra, crab

    ( zay (z

    zaiwar, ornament

    t zira, cumin

    zaitoon, olive

    zafran, saffron

    zargar, goldsmith

    ( (zaay Farsi

    mija/miya/miza

    maida/majda/mazda

    mijgaan/mizgaan/maigaam(This sound came from Persian into Urdu. It can not write easily)

    Group 6

    seen (s)

    sawaal, question

    sara, whole/comlete

    sada, simple

    aasman, sky

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    ass, hope

    aasan, easy

    Subject, insert, school, style, paste

    ( Sheen (sh

    This sound is not available in English alphabet but it is pronunced withcompound soundsh

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    sharaab, wine

    shadi, marriage happiness

    shaam, night

    shooq, intrest

    shama, candle

    Shift, shirt, shrink, short, sharing

    Group 7

    (sawad) s

    sandooq, box/chest

    qasae, butcher

    monsaf, judge

    soufa, couch

    sandal, sandalwood

    zawaad (z)

    zaeef old, an oldman

    nabaz pulse

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    haiza, cholera

    qabaz, constipation

    razae, couch

    Group 8

    (toein/toay) t

    talay, fate

    taqat, power

    sartan, cancer

    taoon, plague

    taraz, type

    Zoein/ zoay z

    zalim, cruel

    azeem, almighty

    zahir, open, depict

    intazaam, arrangement

    Group 9

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    (aein) aa/a

    arooj, climax

    aalim, scholar

    ilm,knoweldge

    taalaq, relation

    moahida, deal

    (ghein) gh

    ghobara, ballon

    ghaar, cave

    baghal,armpit

    ghulam, slave

    maghroor, proud

    Ghurbat, poverty

    Group 10

    (fey) f

    farz, duty

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    falij, paralysis

    fouji, soldier

    faqeer, begger

    foto, picture/snape

    Group 11

    (qaaf) q

    qaey, vomit

    qalam, pen

    qulli, porter

    qarz, loan

    oqaab,eagle

    qala, xasle

    (Kaaf) k

    kotta, dog

    kaghaz, paper

    larki, girl

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    larka, boy

    chakotra, citron

    barkat, bless

    adrak, ginger

    kitaab, book

    Group 12

    (gaaf) g

    girja, curch

    garj, thander

    garm, hot

    gali, abuse

    gom, lost

    gana, song/singing

    Group 13

    Laam) l

    Larki, girl

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    Lazam, importent

    Lagar, weak

    jild, skin

    dalaal. Broker

    Group 14

    (meem) m

    morghi, hen

    mochi, cobbler/bootmaker

    marzi, will

    malah, sailor

    marz, diease

    Mamage, merit, machine, movment, room, dreem

    Group 15

    (Noon) N

    Nanga, dressles

    Naar (h) women

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    Nar (a) fire

    Aasan, easy

    aasman, sky

    Nichay, below/under

    Nokar, servent

    Never, news, change, presence, preference

    Noon Ghonna

    paoon, foot

    khansama (bawarchi), butler/cook

    sarsoon, mustard

    eshq paichaan, convolvulus

    limu, lemon

    khizaan, autumn

    janaan, lover

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    Group 16

    (Wao) W, v

    warq, page

    wazan, weight

    wakeel, lawyer

    waja, cause

    aalu, potato

    Was, walk, now, Word, world,

    Group 17

    ( (hamza

    No word gets start in Urdu with this sound. i.e.

    ahsya, things

    aza, parts/organ

    aao, come on

    Jao, go, get lost

    Lao bring

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    Ja-e-padaesh, place of birth

    Group 18

    (Hay, hi Maqsura/ gool hay, hi) h

    sahoo'kar, banker

    hont, lip

    hathail,palm

    hathora, hammer

    hathi, elephant

    Group 19

    (choti yay)

    dahi, curt

    balae, cream

    chatni, suce

    chapati, loaf

    paiti, belt

    (bari yay)

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    masoray, gums

    kaminay, means

    larkay, boys

    bachay, children

    mozay, socks

    B-

    Group 20

    Maha paran (bhari aawazain)

    bhay

    bhuka, hungry

    bhakari, begger

    bhairiya, wolf

    bhindi tori, ladyfinger

    bhangi, sweeper

    phay

    phool, flower

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    phora, boil

    phinsi, pimple

    phairi wala, hawker/peddler

    phounkni, blowing pipe

    thay

    thali, plate

    hathi, elephant

    maithi, fenu-greek

    sathi, partner/2nd behelf/friend

    hathora, hammer

    hath, hand

    tha, was

    thakamanda, tired

    thori/thodi, chin

    angutha, thumb

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    thaikaidar, contractor

    thek, right

    paitha, gourd

    mitha, sweet

    jhay

    jhula, cradle

    jharu, broom

    jhingar, cricket

    jhola, bag

    jhonpri, hut

    jhagra, dispute

    jhukna, bow