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History of Agriculture
The word agriculture derived from Latin words ager or agri means soil and culture means cultivation. AgricultureAgriculture involves domestication of plants and animals was developed at least 10,000 years ago.Agriculture is also known as farming. Farming a systemAgriculture or farming can be looked as a system. Inputs are seeds, fertilisers, machinery, labour. Process ploughing, sowing, spraying, irrigation and harvestingOutputs from the system crops, vegetables, fruits, flowers, wool, dairy and poultry products. From Corn to PopcornThe transformation from a plant to a finished product involves 3 types of economic activities.PrimarySecondaryTertiary
Secondary ActivitiesThe processing (make, build and assemble) of products. Eg. Manufacturing of steel.Backing of breadWeaving of clothsMaking furniture
Tertiary activitiesServices provides supports to the primary and secondary activities.Eg. Transport, trade, banking, advertisement etc.
What is AgricultureAgriculture is a primary activity.
Growing crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers andRearing of livestock determined as agriculture.
50% persons of the whole world are engaged in agriculture activity.
Factors behind the AgricultureTopographySoilClimate
The land on which the crops are grown is known as arable land.
World Distribution of Arable landKnowledge bagAgriculture the science and art of cultivation. It is also called farmingSericulture commercial rearing of silk worm.Pisciculture breeding of fishViticulture cultivation of grapesHorticulture growing vegetables, flowers, fruits for commercial use.
Agriculture in IndiaAgriculture in India has a significant history. Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm output.Rice is the main grain crop of India. India ranks second in the world in production of rice. West Bengal, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh are the maximum rice producing states in India.
Lets do it *list out the activities associated under each heading.a) Agriculture b) sericulture c) horticulture
Group Discussion:- * What is the difference between agriculture and natural vegetation?* List out the activities involved in agriculture.
* List out the factors suitable for growing crops. Do yourselfGr. 1 what is horticulture?
Gr 2. 50% of world population is dependent on agriculture. Give reasons for your answer.
Gr 3 Why agriculture is a system ?