Leadership styles

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Transcript of Leadership styles

  • 1.Leadership styles Mohammed Naushad Siddiqui.

2. In this presentation we will learn - Different styles of leadership. Different approaches towards analysis ofleadership and leaders behaviour. 3. Classification based on theuse of authority -Autocratic leaders Are authoritarian. Gives order ( ideally , without anyconsultation at all) and expects it to befollowed. Works well if you dont have much timeto accomplish goals or if employees are well motivated. 4. Democratic or participative leader - Participative , consultative and persuasive style. Encourages subordinates to take more participation in decision making process. Workers feel like ownership and more participation and contribution in the firm. The final decision making can be delayed as every decision is consulted alot. 5. Free rein leader - Uses his / her power least. Let it be type the leadership responsibilitiesare shared by all. The subordinates are given high degree offreedom in their operations. Is very useful in bussiness operations where ahigh degree of creativity is needed. 6. Analyzing leadership styles.A. The managerial grid.B. Leadership as continuum.C. Situational or contingency approach.D. The path-goal approach.E. Transformational leadership. 7. The managerial grid. Very useful technique for analyzing leadershipstyles and behaviors. 2 dimensional grid - concern for people andproduction. The four corners of the grid -four extreme stylesof leadership. 8. Leadership as continuum Style of appropriate leadership depends upon- leader himself/herself . the followers . the situation a leader faces. According to this theory , the leaders style ismainly influenced by a) Forces in leaders personality.b) Forces in subordinates.c) External environment or the situation leader confronts. 9. Contingency ApproachTotally focussed on study of situations. leaders response in the situation. Recognizes interaction between leader and thegroup Gives more strength to belief that leaders aremade out of situation. The leaders effectiveness determined by howwell his/her style fits the given context. Realizes that leaders are NOT successful in allsituations. 10. Leadership situation determined by 3 factors -Leader-member relations.Task structure.Position power.Fiedler proposed 2 major styles of leadership -a) Task oriented.b) Relations oriented. 11. LPC scaleAsked to rate coworker on 16 sets ofattributes like being pleasant , boring orinteresting , rejecting or accepting , backbiting or loyal , agreeable or disagreeable.High rating by coworkers indicatesrelationship oriented style.Low rating indicates task orientedleadership style. 12. Path-goal approach Gives a lot of importance on situational factorsaffecting leadership. Emphasizes relationship between leaders styleand characteristics of subordinates and worksetting. Main task of leader is to-a) Clarify and set goals.b) Help choosing the best path to achieve those goals.c) Remove obstacles from the path defined. 13. Leadership Behaviors- Directive leadership Leader gives targets ,sets instructions, expectations, deadlines, andperformance standard. Supportive Leadership The leader isapproachable and friendly , shows concern forthe well being of his/her subordinates , treatseveryone equally and avoids favouritism. 14. Participative Leadership - Leader invitessubordinates to give opinions, share ideas andincludes their suggestions in the decision makingprocess. Achievement-Oriented Leadership - The Leaderchallenges subordinates to perform at the highestpossible level. Leader sets high standards of performance andexcellence ,looks out for continuousimprovement , shows confidence thatsubordinate will achieve high goals. 15. Transactional and transformational leadership. Transactional leaders know what needs to bedone to achieve goals. Their main focus is on 1. Procedures and efficiency.2. Clarifying roles.3. Setting up effective organization structure , rewards for performances.4. Catering to social needs of their followers. 16. Transformational leaders. Completely transform an organization byarticulating a vision and inspiring followers. Have a great capacity to motivate and create afavourable environment for organizationalchange and new organizational culture. Believe in commanding only those things theythemselves are perfect practitioners. Are generally very selfless. 17. THANK YOU