Latin American Migration
Latin American Migration
Or is it?!?1Migrating vs. ImmigratingTo migrate means to leave ones own countryTo immigrate means to move to a new countryIn other words: I would migrate away from the United States, but would be immigrating to the Bahamas!
A migrant in this bowlAn immigrant in this bowl!Latin Americans: The Largest Immigrant Group in the US
During the 1980s, 8 million immigrants came from Latin AmericaNearly equal to the total figure of European immigrants who came to the U.S. during early 1900sU.S. Census Bureau states that there are an estimated 31 million Latinos in the United States, comprising about 11.2 percent of the total population
Changes in the ethnic composition of the U.S. society3.3%10.2%10.2%73.6%The Top Sender CountriesMexicoDominican RepublicCuba JamaicaHaitiEl SalvadorColombia Peru
Push-Pull Factors: What causes people to move?Push Factors: People flee to new regions because of conflicts, natural disastersPull Factors: People are drawn to new regions because of different opportunities elsewhere, such as economic or political/religious freedoms
Voluntary or Forced Migration?Voluntary: free choiceForced: not your choiceSlaveryRefugees
Main reasons for MigratingPush Factors: Not enough jobsFew opportunities for advancementPolitical fear or persecutionPoor medical careNatural disasters
Main reasons for MigratingPull FactorsJob opportunities Better living conditions Political and/or religious freedom Education Better medical careFamily links Industry
Mexico & US Relations: A Brief HistoryMany Mexican-Americans can trace their ancestry not only to Spanish, but also to the Mestizos who have Native American and Spanish blood and who settled in the lands from Florida to California.They did not immigrate, but were granted American citizenship when Mexico was forced to cede the territory they lived on on after the Mexican-American war in 1848 (NM, CO, AZ, CA)
Mexico & US Relations: A Brief HistoryFrom 1880-1900, the Southwest experienced an economic boom following the establishment of the railroads in Mexico and the Southwest. 127,000 Mexicans were recruited to work with United States railroad companies
Mexico & US Relations: A Brief HistoryIn the early 20th century (1910-1919), employers in the United States continued recruiting and transporting Mexican workers because:Chinese & Japanese immigration had been haltedShortage of European immigrants during World War IThis all changed with the Great Depression and a repatriation of 500,000 Mexican Americans (many native born) was conducted by President HooverPleaseRead the article on the trends of Latin American immigration to the United States. For each of the six countries discussed, summarize the push/pull factors for individuals who chose to leave the country addressed.