Language Development

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This is about Language Development in Children

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  • 1. LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENTPresented By:Insiya MurtazaUswah MunawarSaad JumaniSaroosh Zahid11 December 2011 1

2. Research indicates babies listen to their mothersvoice during the last few months of pregnancy. Babies show the ability to pick out mothers voice from among other female voices. This is intensified, when for example mothers read to thebaby while its in the womb.2 3. Children acquire new ways to communicate from the timethey are born. Initial communication is limited to eye contact, handmovements, gestures etc. They are also attentive to the human face, particularlythe eyes. According to Darwin, emotional expressions are universal.3 4. Stages Pre linguistic Stage -vegetative noises and crying predominate Cooing-producing vowel like sounds Canonical babbling-the infant begins producing more speech-like syllables (4 to 10 months) The range of vocalizations grows dramatically ( 6 to 8 months)Babbling at the next stage often consistsreduplicated syllables like "bababa" or"dadada" or "mamama. ( 10 to 12 months)4 5. Stages Continued.. Linguistic stage -The first words make their appearance (9 to 15 months) Over generalization:Children may "over generalize" their first words to refer to itemsbeyond their usual scope of application.Example: A child might call all men "Daddy," or all animals "doggie," orall round objects "ball. Under generalization:Children may fail to associate connections between similar objects.Example: A child might call only her own striped ball "ball," and staysilent about all the rest. 5 6. The nature of the childs first 50 words is quite similar across cultures: the child often names foods, pets, animals, family members, toys, vehicles and clothing.12/11/20116 7. 7 8. HOW CHILDREN ACQUIRE LANGUAGE? 8 9. Nature Aspect Noam ChomskyChildren are born with innateknowledge of the rules governinglanguage.All humans have a languageacquisition device (LAD).The LAD contains knowledge of grammatical rules commonto all language.The LAD also allows children to understand the rules of whatever languagethey are listening to.12/11/2011 9 10. Nurture AspectVygotsky - children learn by solving problems with the help of otherpeople, such as parents and siblings.Skinner -Children imitate what they see and hear. They learn frompunishment and reinforcement .Piaget Language development is connected to a childs cognitivedevelopment. As the child moves through the different stages of cognitivedevelopment, his language skills change as well.10 11. Language development is the result ofgenetics and the environment.The human body is built in a way thatgives the creative mind many ways tocommunicate. But without externalinteractions, humans can not develop anylanguage skills above what animals doExample: Genie wild child 12. Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence, Apr 06, 2001 by Jill DeVilliers, Ph.D. Smith College;col1 12 13. 13