Language Development

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This is basically from the chapter "Learning"- Language Development in Children.Disclaimer: We dont own any of the pictures

Transcript of Language Development

  • 1. Introduction to Human Behavior
    LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT
    Presented By:
    Insiya Murtaza
    Uswah Munawar
    Saad Jumani
    Saroosh Zahid
    25 May 2011
    1

2. Facts on Language Development
Research indicates babies listen to their mother's
voice during the last few months of pregnancy.
Babies show the ability to pick out mothersvoice
from among other female voices.
This is intensified, when for example mothers read to the baby while its in the womb.
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3. Non-Verbal Communication
Children acquire new ways to communicatefrom the timethey are born.
Initial communication is limited to eye contact, hand movements, gestures etc.
Theyare also attentive to the human face, particularly
the eyes.
According to Darwin, emotional expressions are universal.
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4. Verbal Communication
Stages
Pre linguistic Stage -vegetative noises and crying predominate
Cooing-producing vowel like sounds
Canonical babbling-the infant begins producing more speech-like syllables (4 to 10 months)
The range of vocalizations grows dramatically ( 6 to 8 months)
Babbling at the next stage often consists
reduplicated syllables like "bababa" or
"dadada" or "mamama.( 10 to 12 months)
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5. Linguistic stage-The first words make their appearance
(9 to 15 months)
Overgeneralization:
Children may "over generalize" their first words to refer to items
beyond their usual scope of application.
Example: A child might call all men "Daddy," or all animals "doggie," or all round objects "ball.
Undergeneralization:
Children may fail to associate connections between similar objects.
Example: A child might call only her own striped ball "ball," and stay silent about all the rest.
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StagesContinued..
6. The nature of the child's first 50 words is quite similar across cultures: the child often names foods, pets, animals, family members, toys, vehicles and clothing.
5/25/2011
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7. 7
8. 8
Howchildren acquire language?
Theories
Innate
Imitation
9. 5/25/2011
9
Nature Aspect
Noam Chomsky

  • Children are born with innate knowledge of the rules governing language.

10. All humans have a language acquisition device (LAD). 11. The LAD contains knowledge of grammatical rules common to all language.

  • The LADalso allows children to understand the rules of whatever language they are listening to.