Lake Olathe Presentation

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    A New Urban

    Ecology: ACase Study onLake OlatheTaylor Thompson

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    Lake Olathe

    2, 3, 4: http://nut4sports.com/lakeolathe.html

    1: http://kansastravel.org/olathe/cedarlakefalls.htm

    1

    4

    3

    2

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    Inspiration Love for the lake

    Lack of interest in/knowledgeof lake

    Ranching, EndangeredSpecies, and Urbanization inthe Southwest: Species ofCapital by Nathan F. Sayre

    Urban planning http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/ranching-endangered-species-and-

    urbanization-in-the-southwest-nathan-f-

    sayre/1100002959?ean=97808165255

    22

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    Qualitative research

    Informed by the social sciences My general question was revised Why social sciences are included in

    EVS! Systematic Qualitative methods:

    Participant Observation Identified key informants Evaluated maps of the area Identified photographs that

    showed social relationshipsbetween natural and socialsystems

    Public records of decision makingprocesses

    Engineering Records (pollutionlevels)

    Previous social and ecologicaltheories combinations

    Historical narrative of Lake Olatheitself

    Methodology

    http://ks.water.usgs.gov/cyanobacteria

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    Where are we going? Sayres issue and suggestions as guidelines

    Problem (urbanization and narrow mindset)

    Historical analysis (of Lake Olathe and urban planning)

    Thesis:

    A broad sociological-ecological approach is

    necessary in order to understand the currentcondition of Lake Olathe, as determined by pastgovernmental and community actions, and in turn, tocare for Lake Olathe through future policy andcommunity actions.

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    Sayres Dilemma

    History of 110,000-acre Buenos AiresRanch in the AltarValley

    Conversion into BuenosAires National WildlifeRefuge

    Attempt to grow

    Masked Bobwhitepopulation

    Blamed cattleranching

    Lack of scientificevidence

    http://www.fws.gov/refuge/Buenos_Aires/wildlife_and_habitat/index.html

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    The Baseline

    Social reconstruction of bobwhite and cattle Is grazing good or bad? (Sayre, p. xiv) Symbolic battle between masked bobwhite and cattle

    Abstracted Man and abstracted Nature Complete separation between economics and

    ecology

    Located in southern

    Arizona, Buenos AiresNational Wildlife Refugewas established for the

    reintroduction of maskedbobwhite quail and to

    restore the naturallandscapes and native

    wildlife that dependupon it.

    http://www.fws.gov/refuge/Buenos_Aires/about.html

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    Why Urban Planning? Delve into my career choice

    Urbanization dealt with through urban

    planning Urbanization is dominant trend and important

    in global land transformation

    History of urban planning sheds light onmindsets of the time

    http://www.firminc.org/building-healthy-communities-

    update/urban-planning/

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    Brief History of Urban Planning

    1857One of the first plannedAmerican suburbsLlewellynPark

    1857The American Instituteof Architects (AIA) established

    1875Benjamin Ward -Hygeia

    1893Columbian Exposition inChicago (roots of CityBeautiful Movement)

    1899The American Societyof Landscape Architectsfounded

    1902the McMillan Plan for

    Washington, D.C., redesigningthe National mall, in CityBeautiful style

    1907the first city planningcommission (in Hartford, CT)established

    1909Birth of AmericanPlanningFirst National

    Conference on City Planning

    in Washington, D.C.

    1920US urban population

    (54.3 mil) has surpassed the

    rural population (51.8 mil)

    1923Harvard opens first

    graduate program in city

    planning

    1932Frank Lloyd WrightThe

    Disappearing City

    19353 Greenbelt towns

    1946The University of North

    Carolina established the

    Department of City &

    Regional Planning

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    A slight shift

    1962Rachel Carson, Silent Spring 1965Davidoff, Paul. Advocacy and

    Pluralism in Planning.

    1966Babcock, Richard F. 1966. Thezoning game; municipal practicesand policies

    1969NEPA: the NationalEnvironmental Policy Act

    1970Environmental ProtectionAgency (EPA) established

    1970More people live in suburbs(37.6%) than central cities (31.4%)

    1987U.N. World Commission onEnvironment and Development

    1988Peter Hall, Cities of Tomorrow :

    An Intellectual History of UrbanPlanning and Design in the TwentiethCentury

    1990Formation of the InternationalCouncil for Local EnvironmentalInitiatives

    http://college.lattc.edu/rrptraining/files/2012/09/epa_logo.jpg

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    General themes emerge Urban planning has seen a transformation of mindsets

    over its 157 yr. history

    Architects + Social Workers + Government Officials +Public Health Officials

    Distinct mindsets shape the field

    City Beautiful Movement

    Different values assigned to nature

    Socially-constructed value trapped in economic value

    Built environmentusing nature for beautygovernmental controlsuburban sprawlsocialproblemsinclude environment?

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    Lake Olathe

    17 month severe drought in 1953-1954Citys water sources dried up

    1,500 ft. dam on Cedar Creek

    Built in 1956

    Surrounded by 208 acre community parkActivities:

    Skiing

    Swimming

    Fishing

    Hiking

    Shelters for parties/picnics

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    http://www.anglersfishinginfo.com/ks/olathe/olathe/

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    Lake Olathe now No swimming, no waterskiing

    Lack of funding

    Ed Colson:

    Community activist and lifelongcitizen of Olathe

    Lakes condition result ofpolitical climate

    Liability issues

    Costs

    Clean-up

    Infrastructure

    Surrounding land use changes

    Plan-less

    http://www.msbanddirect

    or.com/profile/EdColson?xg_source=activity

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    http://maps.jocogov.org/ims/

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    http://ks.water.usgs.gov/lake-olathe

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    http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2005/3093/pdf/fs_05_3093.pdf

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    WRAPS Kansas Watershed Restoration and Protection

    Strategy, 2004 Stakeholder developed action plan

    Local approach - plan of restoration and protectiongoals for surface waters

    Farmers, landowners, representatives of naturalresource agencies, city/county government, publicwater suppliers

    Best Management Practices (BMP) Cost ShareProgram

    http://www.kswraps.org/wraps-process

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    New Perception is Possible!

    City of OlatheMunicipalServicesDepartment

    Proactiveinfluence ofpublicdiscussion ofwater insteadof reaction

    ChangingConsumerPerceptions

    http://books.google.com/books?id=wrpPxBwyYcQC&pg=PA53&lpg=PA53&dq=lake+olathe+watershed&source=bl&ots=oN0d4rr0jJ&sig=SaCeuu_zNxSqtlHeU0qGIVMtLkQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=aK0KU_yoNKaF2AW-

    4oDYAQ&ved=0CGAQ6AEwDQ#v=onepage&q=lake%20olathe%20watershed&f=false

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    Attempts

    WRAPS andOlatheMunicipalServicesDepartment =good intentions

    BUT,economics arealways the

    underlyingissue

    Golf courseissues

    Stagnant

    http://www.dgcoursereview.com/course.php?id=6062

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    Understanding the Norm

    Urban ecology typically involves:

    Segregation of economic and social functions

    Efficiency of transportation and delivery of utilities

    Efficient filling of undeveloped space

    Green infrastructure

    Requirements for monitoring results

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    New Framework Perspective of a:

    dynamic, open, connected system

    use of wide range of theories

    continual understanding new ecological theories

    Wider model

    Recognize spatial structure and linkagesbetween social and ecological differences ofan ecosystem Case by case basis

    Ecology of Cities vs. Ecology in Cities

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    Conclusions Calling for decision makers to not just make decisions

    based on social and economic decisions, but alsocontemporary ecological theories and research

    New perspective, not just more funding History of urban planning shows transition towards a

    more ecological mindset

    Planners will play an integral role in combination ofsocial and ecological theory Increase communication between citizens, government,

    agencies, and companies Lake Olathe requires this integrated mindset; otherwise it

    will continue to deteriora