Kyauk Yout Chin Hma Lut Kin Yae

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Aung San Suu Kyi

Transcript of Kyauk Yout Chin Hma Lut Kin Yae

  • (a&SrsufESmzHk;) a=umufGHjcif;rS vGwfuif;a&; atmifqef;pk=unf (a&SrsufESmzHk;twGif; pmrsufESm) ppfom;r[kwfayr,fh EdkifiHtwGuf trsKd;rsKd;tepfemcH/ trsKd;rsKd;pGefpm;vkyf=uwJh vlawGvnf; &SdwmyJ? tJh'ga=umifh ppfom;rS ppfom;qdkwJh pdwf"mwfudk ajymif;=u&r,f? igwdk[m vufeufudkifawG jzpf=uaomfvnf; rw&m;rvkyf/ EdkifiH&J &efolawGr[kwf/ EkdifiH&J rdwfaqGawGjzpfw,fqdkwmudk oabmayguf&r,f? (atmifqef;) atmifqef;pk=unfonf trSefw&m;udk ajymqdkaeIif;/ jrefrmESifh urBmh tajccHt,ltrsm;udk a&mifjyef[yfaeIif;/ olrtm; E_wfqdwfatmif ryvkyfEdkifyg? (Am;pvAf[mAJvf) atmifqef;pk=unfonf trsKd;om;,Ofaus;r_tarGtESpf. taumif;qHk; t*FgvuQ%mrsm;[k olru ,lqxm;onfrsm;udk *kyvmap&ef ud;pm;I olrudk,fwkdifvnf; ,if;t*FgvuQ%m&yfrsm;ESifh xyfwlxyfr# jzpfap&ef ud;yrf;tm;xkwfonf? (EdkbJvfaumfrwDOuUX/ 1991) (tzGifhpmrsufESm) a=umufGHjcif;rS vGwfuif;a&; (tzGifhpmrsufESm) atmifqef;pk=unf a=umufGHjcif;rS vGwfuif;a&; ESifh tjcm;pmwrf;rsm; a'gufwmatmifcif wnf;jzwfonf? La Haule Books (xkwfa0olrsm;. pmrsufESm) ra=umufrGHESifh vGwfvyfrSefuefpGm a&;om;ajymqdkydkifcGifh&aprnfh EdkifiHa&;pepfukd awmifhwaeol jrefrmwdkif;&if;om;taygif;tm; &nf!$ef;ygonf? This collection copyright Aung San Suu Kyi, 1993 The moral right of the author has been asserted. ISBN 0 86120 049 7

  • This first edition of Freedom from Fear and Other Writings in the Burmese language first published in 1993 by La Haule Books West Lodge La Haule Jersey Channel Islands United Kingdom The Buddhist symbol on the title and spine is the abhayamudra, the "gesture of fearlessness" Printed in England by Biddles Ltd., Guildford (rmwdum) rmwdum pma&;ol. trSm 1 pwnf;. trSm 2 Am;pvAf[mAJvf. pum;OD; 5 a':oef;at;a&;om;aom pkESifh rdwfqufjcif; 7 aemfa0;EkdifiH EdkbJvfaumfrwDOuUX rdefcGef; 43 tydkif; - u 1984 ckESpf 1993 ckESpftwGif; a&;om;aom pmwrf;rsm;ESifh taxGaxGrdefcGef;rsm; 1? atmifqef; 54 2? 'Drdkua&pD&SmyHkawmf 97 3? a=umufGHjcif;rS vGwfuif;a&; 113 4? Adkvf. t"dy`m,ftppftrSef 120 5? &nfrSef;csufrsm; 127 6? awmfvSefa&;. tv,fA[dkwGif 132 7? ukvor*~ vltcGifhta&;aumfr&Sifodk tdwfzGifhay;pm 138 8? jynfolvlxku vGwfvyfa&;udk vdkcsifonf 141 9? EdkbJvfqk&Sifudk,fpm;ajymaom rdefcGef; 145 10? EdkbJvfaumfrwDodk ay;pm 151 11? vltcGifhta&;Oya'tzJGrSay;aom qktwGufrdefcGef; 153 12? pydeftdkvHypfrdefcGef; 155 13? ppfrSefaomvHkcH&modk 159 tydkif; - c

  • 1988 ckESpf =o*kwfvrS 1989 ckESpf Zlvkdifvtxd ajym=um;cJhaom rdefcGef;ESifh owif;pm&Sif;vif;yJGrsm; 14? a&$wd*HkapwDawmftaemufrkcfvlxkpnf;a0;yJG 172 15? 'Drkdua&pD&&Sda&;ESifh jynfolrsm;. tcef;u 182 16? owif;pm&Sif;vif;yJGtrSwf-3 187 17? wkdif;&if;om;pnf;vHk;nDnGwfa&; 198 18? 'Drdkua&pDtiftm;pkrsm;nDnGwfa&; 203 19? Zlvkdifckepf&ufae 212 20? wyfrawmf[m b,foltwGufvJ 219 21? e0wESifh &ifqkdifaqG;aEG;a&; 227 22? owif;pm&Sif;vif;yJGtrSwf-6 235 23? jynfolvkdcsifwm atmifqef;vrf;pOf 253 24? rdefcGef;aumufEkwfcsufrsm; 266 pma&;ol. trSm

    pma&;jcif;/ rdefcGef;ajymjcif;/ pum;ajymjcif; paom vkyf&yfrsm;. t"du&nf&G,fcsufwckum; vltcsif;csif; em;vnfr_wdk;yGm;ap&ef jzpfonf[k usr ,lqygonf? jrefrmhvlr_a&;/ EdkifiHa&;ESifh 'Drdkua&pDta&;wdkudk urBmu ydkrdkI od&Sdem;vnfap&ef &nf&G,fI Tpmtkyfyg aqmif;yg;rsm;udk a&;om;cJhjcif; jzpfygonf?

    EdkifiHwEkdifiHudk trSefwu,ftusKd;yEkdifrnfh pD;yGm;a&;/ EkdifiHa&;/ vkyfief;pOfrsm; taumiftxnfaz:Edkif&ef jynfoljynfom;taygif;wGif yGifhvif;jywfom;pGm oHk;oyfa0zefydkifcGifhESifh todtjrif/ tawG;tac:rsm;udk vGwfvyfpGm aqG;aEG;zvS,fydkifcGifhrsm; &Sd&rnf[kvnf; usr ,Hk=unfygonf? 1988-89 ckESpfrsm;twGif; usrajym=um;cJhaom rdefcGef;rsm;ESifh owif;pm&Sif;vif;yJGrsm;. OD;wnfcsufonf 'Drkdua&pDoabmw&m;rsm;ESifh 'Drkdua&pDpepfudk wnfaxmifvdkolwdk. tawG;tac:/ tjrifwdkudk trsm;jynfol a0zefoHk;oyfEdkifiHa&;yif jzpfygonf?

    aqmif;yg;rsm;/ rdefcGef;rsm;/ owif;pm&Sif;vif;yJGrsm;udk pkaygif;I pmtkyfxkwfa0vdkufjcif;jzifh jrefrmhEdkifiHa&;ESifh 'Drkdua&pDa&;rsm;udk em;vnfoHk;oyfvdkolrsm;twGuf taxmuftuljzpfEkdifrnf[k ar#mfvifhygonf?

    Tpmtkyfudk xkwfa0Ekdif&ef tm;ay;ulnDcJholwdktm; aus;Zl;wifvsuf&Sdygonf? rsm;jym;vSaom tvkyfwm0efrsm;=um;rS apwemjynfh0pGmjzifh t"dubmomjyefoltjzpfif;/ pmwnf;jzwfoltjzpfif; aqmif&GufcJhonfh a'gufwmatmifcif(vef'ef) udk txl;aus;Zl;wif&Sda=umif; azmfjytyfygonf?

    atmifqef;pk=unf

    pmwnf;. trSm (1)

    vGefcJhaom &SpfESpfcef 1985 ckESpfu jzpfonf? ESif;xlxyfpGmusaeonfh xdkESpf aqmif;&moDwaewGif a':atmifqef;pk=unfESifh yxrqHk;t}udrf usaemf awGqHkcJh&onf? xkdpOfu t*FvefwGif &efukefwuUodkvfrS

  • vkyfazmfudkifzufa[mif; orkdif;q&m-q&mrrsm; a&muf&Sdaecdkufjzpfojzifh atmufpzdk'fwuUodkvfwGif wae pka0;=uonf?

    xdkaeYyif a':atmifqef;pk=unfwdk ZeD;armifESHu olwdktdrfwGif vBuf&nfyJG jyifqifxm;ojzifh usaemfwdk orkdif;tkyfpk oGm;=uonf? usaemfESifh usaemfhZeD;tygt0if tm;vHk; {nhfonf &Spfa,muf &Sd.? a':pkudk,fwkdif vkyfxm;aom udwfrkefrsm; pm;aomufI waysmfwyg; &SdvSonf? usaemfonf a':pk.cifyGef; a'gufwmrdkufu,ftJ&pfESifhom pum;ajym&onfursm;+yD; a':pkrSmrl trsKd;orD;0kdif;wGif vufrvnfEdkifatmif {nfhcH&if; pum;vufqHk usaeonfu rsm;.?

    a':pkwdktdrfrSm tawmfav;us,f0ef;onf[k qdkEkdifaomfvnf; ukvm;xdkifrsm;/ pm;yJGrsm;ESifh pmtkyfpifrsm;uvJGI usaemf bmr# rawGrd? vifr,m;ESpfa,mufpvHk; dk;dk;ukyfukyfESifh pmayvdkufpm;olrsm; jzpfonf[lIom usaemfhpdwfxJY rSwfcsufcsrdonf?

    (2) xdkae awGqHk+yD;aemufydkif; usaemfESifh a':pkwdkZeD;armifESH vHk;0 tquftoG,f r&Sdoavmuf

    jzpfoGm;onf? 1988 ckESpfa&mufrS jrefrmjynf 'Drkdua&pDta&;awmfyHkwGif a':pk aZmufcsI vkyfudkifaeonfrsm;udk owif;pmrsm;wGif zwf&onf? vluHrsm;ESifh ygvmaom AGD'D,dktacGrsm;wGifvnf; a':pkudk awG&onf?

    usaemfonf rqvacwfudk pufqkyfGH&Sm+yD; rqv'%fudkvnf; rcHEkdifonfhtqHk; EkdifiHjcm;xGufvmcJholjzpfonf? a':pkrSmrl vGwfvyfae&mrS trdEkdifiHodkjyef&if; rdrd. ,Hk=unfcsuftwdkif; 'Drkdua&pDxGef;um;a&;twGuf wkdufyJG0if kef;uefaeoljzpfonf?

    a':pkudk kd;om;ajzmifhrwf odrfarGaom tdrf&SifrwOD;tjzpfom od&Sdxm;cJhojzifh a&&SnfwkdufyJGwGif cHEkdif&nf&Sdyghrvm;[k tpwGif usaemf oHo,jzpfrdonf? odkaomf a':pk OD;aqmifonfh 'Drkdua&pDwdkufyJG tcsdef=umvmonfESifhtr# xdkoHo,pdwfwdk vGifhpifuG,faysmufukefawmhonf?

    (3) a':pk t*Fvdyfbmomjzifha&;om;I cifyGef;onf a'gufwmrdkufu,ftJ&pf wnf;jzwfxkwfa0aom "Freedom From Fear" pmtkyfudk 1991 ckESpf 'DZifbmvwGif zwfvdkuf&onf? xdkpmtkyfudk jrefrmbmom jyefqkdxkwfa0oifhonf[k usaemf awG;rdonf? xdkpmtkyfudk wu,fwrf; jrefrmjyef&mwGif usaemf t"dutcef;rS yg0ifvm&rnf[k xdkpOfu rxifrSwfcJhyg? usaemf aemufqHk; jrefrmjyefqdk a&;om;xkwfa0cJhonfh tawGtuHrSm 1971 ckESpfu jzpfonf? ESpfaygif; 20 ausmfcef jrefrmjyefxkwfa0onfh tavhtx jywfvyfaecJhojzifh tpwGif a':pkpmtkyfudk jrefrmjyef&ef r0Hhr&J jzpfrdaomfvnf; jrefrmwkdif;&if;om;wkdif; zwf_oifhonfhpmtkyf[k ,Hk=unfonfhtwGuf twwfEdkifqHk; tm;xkwfjyefqdkcJh&onf? txl;ojzifh jrefrmpmzwfy&dowftwGuf &nfpl;xm;onfhtavsmuf t*FvdyfpmtkyfESifhrwlbJ wrlxl;jcm;aerSm trSefjzpfonf? AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;udk jrefrmhvGwfvyfa&;zcif[k vlwkdif;vdkvdk i,fpOfuwnf;u od&Sdxm;cJh=uaomfvnf; AdkvfcsKyf. tawG;tac:t,ltqrsm;udk av;av;eufeuf em;vnfoabmaygufrdol tvGefenf;yg;vdrfhrnfxifonf? xdkvlenf;pkxJwGif a':pk txif&Sm;qHk;jzpfrnfrSm ajym&efrvdk[k ,Hk=unfonf? AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;. tawG;tac:t,ltqrsm;ay:wGif tajccHI rdrdudk,fydkif ,Hk=unfcsufrsm;udk wnfaqmufxm;aom a':pk. tawG;tac:udk jrefrmwkdif;&if;om;wkdif; od&Sdem;vnf oabmayguf&ef vdktyfonf? jrefrmEkdifiHwGif 1962 ckESpfrS 1988 ckESpftxd jynfolvlxk ,Hk=unftm;xm;avmufonfh EkdifiHa&;acgif;aqmifrsKd; ay:ayguf&ef tcGifhtvrf; r&SdcJhyg? 1988 ckESpf 'Drdkua&pDta&;awmfyHk

  • ay:aygufvmonfhtcgwGifrS udk,fusKd;pGefI wkdif;jynftwGuf tepfemcHvkyf=urnfh i,f&G,faomacgif;aqmifrsm; ay:aygufvmjcif;jzpfonf? xdktxJwGif a':pkonf AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;. EkdifiHa&;tarGudk qufcHrnfholtjzpfif;/ +idrf;csrf;aomenf;jzifh wkdif;&if;om;pnf;vHk;nDnGwfa&;udk &,lEkdifrnfholtjzpfif;/ wyfrawmfom;wdku dkaoav;pm;&oltjzpfif;/ trsm;jynfol. ,Hk=unfudk;pm;r_ &,lxm;oltjzpfif;/ trsKd;om;jyefvnfoifhjrwfa&;udk vkyfaqmifEkdifrnfholtjzpfif; ay:xGufvmygonf?

    (4) uG,fvGefol orkdif;ynm&Sif Adkvfr;b&Sif a&;om;I 1950 ckESpfu yxrqHk;t}udrf yHkESdyfxkwfa0cJhonfh jrefrmEdkifiHawmforkdif; pmtkyfwGif jrefrmha&S;a[mif;orkdif;ynm&Sif}uD; ygarmuQ *sD/ tdyfcsf/ vkpf u Armr[kwfaom EkdifiHom;rsm;tay: uG,fvGefol atmifqef; xm;&Sdaom oabmxm;rsm;udk usaemf rsm;pGmav;pm;rdyg.? jrefrmEdkifiH pnf;vHk;a&;udk "m;jzifhr[kwfbJ EdkifiHhacgif;aqmifyDopGm av;av;eufeuf t"dy`m,f&Sd&Sd ud;yrf;&mwGif usefppfom; vGefonfrSpI atmifqef;onf yxrqHk;aom Armjzpfonf[k usaemf ,lqygonf[k if;. trSmpmwGif rSwfwrf;wifxm;onf? a':pkonf zcifvkyfol. ajc&mtwkdif; vkdufEkdifrnf[k usaemf ,Hk=unf.? odkaomf jrefrmEkdifiHY 'Drkdua&pDxGef;um;&ef a':pkwOD;wnf; tepfemcHud;yrf;I &rnfr[kwf/ vlwkdif;u rdrdwkd. udk,fusKd;oufoufudkom =unfhraebJ/ trsKd;om;jyefvnfoifhjrwfa&;ESifh 'Drdkua&pDta&;wdktwGuf wwfEkdifoI wm0efodod ulnDrSom jrefrmEdkifiHwGif 'Drdkua&pDxGef;um;I ppfrSefaom wkdif;&if;om;pnf;vHk;nDnGwfa&;udk &&SdEkdifrnfjzpfonf? pmtkyfyg toHk;tE_ef;rsm;udk aepOfoHk; jrefrmpum;ESifh teD;pyfqHk;jzpfap&ef &nf&G,fxm;ojzifh Oyrm u|efr-u|efawmf [laom pmvHk;aygif;udk roHk;bJ usr-usaemf jzifh tpm;xdk; oHk;pJGxm;onf? rl&if; jrefrmpum;wGif rdrdudk,frdrd ig[lI &nf!$ef;aomfvnf; tm%m&Sifbk&ifrsm;acwfwGif u|ef [laom a0g[m& acwfpm;vmcJhI ig [laom rlvtoHk;tE_ef;rSm bk&m;pmrsm;wGifom usefaeawmhrnf jzpfonf? pmtkyfjzpfajrmufa&;twGuf tzufzufrS ulnD=uonfh vef'efrdrS t&SifOwW&/ OD;pdefausm