Kqed brown bag
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- Basic Videography and Editing Prepared for KQED October 17, 2013 Jim Foust firstname.lastname@example.org
- Basic Video Stuff Aspect ratiothe shape of the video screen 4:3 or 16:9 most common Frame size (resolution) Given as two numbers with width first 640 x 480; 320 x 240 (4:3) 1920 x 1080; 1280 x 720; 960 x 540; 480 x 270 (16:9) Higher numbers = higher quality Sometimes shortened to height and i or p for interlaced or progressive (720p) Frame Ratenumber of still pix per second 30 normal for TV; 20 or less jittery
- A Little About Compression Makes video files smaller By altering resolution, frame rate, pixels, etc. Often measured by bitrate Higher bitrate = higher quality = larger file Common Formats AVI, MOV MPEG FLV (Flash video) h264
- Rule of Thirds
- Rule of Thirds
- Rule of Thirds
- Shooting Soundbites Eyes at top third (or thereabouts) Lead space in direction theyre looking (frame to left or right third) Not looking into camera, but looking slightly off camera (both eyes should be visible; both ears if possible) NO PROFILES! Shoot in medium shothead and shoulders Can be exceptions (wider shots) for artistic purpose As you go wider, eyes move slightly more toward top of frame, but always in vicinity of top third Beware of distracting backgrounds Only one person in frame Beware of shooting from high or low angle
- Soundbite Framing
- Headroom POOR BETTER
- Examples Soundbite Framing Grid Soundbite Framing Examples Story Example: Dangerous Curve Story Example: Bee Swarm
- Depth of Field The range of distance in a given shot in which objects are in acceptable focus.
- Depth of Field Aperture: the more open (the lower the number) the smaller the depth of field.
- Depth of Field Subject distance: the closer the subject is to the camera, the smaller the depth of field.
- Depth of Field Focal length: the more zoomed in the smaller the depth of field. Video Example
- Basic Aesthetics Separation of subject from background Using depth of field Being aware of the background Avoid brick walls, etc. Moving subject away from the background Ideally, in event-specific stories, the background should have something to do with story
- Lighting Be aware of light situation Dont shoot against windows or other strong light sources Use natural light to your advantage Move person around so window shines on them
- SoundTechnical Use Lav whenever possible Beware of background noise NEVER unrelated background noise
- SoundContent Set expectations beforehand Tell interviewee a little about finished product Consider Tell me about. . . rather than actually asking questions Remember that the story will have to stand on its own without narrative/questions
- Equipment AC Adapter/Charger Camera Batteries USB Card Reader SD Card
- Lav Mic Nice long cable Removable (and losable) wind screen LR-44 watch battery inside Power switch: remember to turn ON when recording and OFF when done, or it will drain battery.
- Recommended Accessories Camera light Monopod KQED Tripod (currently in limbo) Headphones
- Pre-Shoot Checklist Batteries charged SD Card ready Lav mic working Do a test shoot
- Camera Controls: Left Side Powered Image Stabilization: press and hold for more aggressive image stabilization Zoom Control Power Button
- Camera Controls: Right Side Record Button Mode Switch: Set to M
- Camera Controls: Behind Door SD Card Slot Display Button: toggles how much info you see on display Record/Play: toggles camera between record and playback mode
- Make sure youre in VIDEO Mode Should see video cam Icon here If not, press the video camera icon here to go to video mode
- Accessing and Checking Video Settings Access and check by pressing FUNC
- Basic Camera Settings Auto white balance FUNC > WB > AWB (can just check it) Auto Focus (usually) FUNC > Focus > AF Auto Exposure FUNC > Exposure > A Digital Effects OFF FUNC > Digital Effects > Off
- A Simple SOT Green Room Video
- Editing Basic Editing Process 1. Start editing project in FCP 2. Import Video from camera/card 3. Trim individual video clips 4. Assemble clips on timeline 5. Export finished project
- Editing Jump Cuts Example Me with Jump Cuts Me with Dissolve Me with White Flash
- Story Types Soundbite(s) Soundbite(s) with B-roll Nat Sound Piece (soundbites, nat, music) Nat Sound Piece 2 Voice Over (VO) Narrative story (with reporter voice) not often used online.
- Shooting B-Roll Shot Types The Case Against Zooms and Pans Some Simple Sequences Bad Sequence Soundbite Framing Grid Soundbite Framing Examples