Know and understand how globalisation both helps and hinders development with reference to one case...

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Transcript of Know and understand how globalisation both helps and hinders development with reference to one case...

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Know and understand how globalisation both helps and hinders development with reference to one case study from an LEDC or NIC. Slide 2 Slide 3 The company sells over 400 brands in over 312 countries or territories. 90 billion servings of Cokes products are consumed each day Slide 4 A multinational company is one that operates in more than one country across the world. http://www.flickr.com/photos/lynns/110140674/ Slide 5 Apart from operating in more than one country, multinationals also have a number of other characteristics Well-known brands Huge Profits Large employers http://www.flickr.com/photo_zoom.gne?id=286819826&size=o Headquarters mostly in MEDC countries. Atlanta, Georgia, USA $24 billion dollars 71,000 people worldwide Slide 6 Slide 7 Slide 8 An increase in the flow of goods, services, people, capital across national borders in order to create a more integrated and interdependent world economy. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Globalization The term globalisation is contested, a general definition is Basically the World is shrinking. Slide 9 Slide 10 Improved transport means that people and goods can be moved around the world more quickly. Distance between places hasnt changed, but the time needed to cover those distances has. http://www.flickr.com/photos/danoots/165294639/ Slide 11 Improvement in technology, such as the internet, has meant that capital (money) can be transferred instantly between locations. People can also use telephones and the internet to communicate more easily inreal time. http://www.flickr.com/photos/ldandersen/301812211/ Slide 12 Improvements in technology have also lead to the development of a mass media, television, radio and internet, far off places now seem much closer we can even see them in real time. http://www.flickr.com/photos/skooal/322346446/ Slide 13 These factors have lead to increased interdependence between places they also seem much closer than they did. http://www.flickr.com/photos/anjan58/1281306048/ Slide 14 Slide 15 http://www.flickr.com/photos/blipfish/124908486http://www.flickr.com/photos/blipfish/124908486/ Slide 16 Bottled in 200 countries across the world. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamesonroper/400400410/ Slide 17 http://www.flickr.com/photos/33924575@N00/677513608/ Manufacturing your product in the country you sell it has a number of advantages. Slide 18 Labour costs may be lower in some countries, especially LEDC countries. Low labour costs = higher profits. http://www.flickr.com/photos/thomasvr/2178131895/ Slide 19 Manufacturing your product in the country it is sold reduces transport costs. Less transport = higher profits. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jungkumseok/2175023880/ Slide 20 Legalisation on working conditions, workers rights, health and safety, and the environment may be less strict in some countries. Relaxed legalisation = lower overheads= more profit. http://www.flickr.com/photos/22385378@N02/2171255668/ Slide 21 Some countries may try to encourage multinationals to invest in their country by offering lower tax rates and financial incentives. More favourable taxation = lower overheads= more profits. http://www.flickr.com/photos/dukeofism/2137719782/ Slide 22 Coca-Cola employs people. Coca-Cola locates in an area http://www.flickr.com/photos/ikayama/784139355/ Generates income for local suppliers Employees have greater income. Generates income for local businesses Employees pay taxes Increased tax revenues can be spent on the local community. Process of the positive multiplier effect. And so on Slide 23 It widens your market. More consumers= more profit. http://www.flickr.com/photos/perverted_introvert/2197021334 / Slide 24 The status of your brand is raised. More status = more consumers = more profit http://www.flickr.com/photos/gunnarfreyr/2196432220/ Slide 25 Producing your product in a country and adapting to the local market makes it seem more local. More local = more consumers = more profit. http://www.flickr.com/photos/liemtran/2184656873/ Slide 26