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  • Kiowa County, Colorado Historic Buildings Survey

    Eads, Haswell, and Sheridan Lake 2008-09

    Final Survey Report

    Front Range Research Associates, Inc. Denver, Colorado

  • Kiowa County, Colorado Historic Buildings Survey

    Eads, Haswell, and Sheridan Lake 2008-09

    Final

    Survey Report

    Prepared for:

    Kiowa County Historic Preservation Commission

    P.O. Box 12 Eads, Colorado 81036

    Prepared by:

    R. Laurie Simmons, M.A. and Thomas H. Simmons, M.A.

    Front Range Research Associates, Inc. 3635 West 46th Avenue Denver, Colorado 80211

    (303) 477-7597

    May 2010

    Funded by State Historic Fund Grant Number 2008-01-045

  • Kiowa County Historic Buildings Survey, 2008-09 Page iii

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    1. INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................. 1 Purpose ............................................................................................................... 1 Project Results .................................................................................................... 2 Funding .............................................................................................................. 2 2. PROJECT AREA ................................................................................................. 5 Physical Setting .................................................................................................. 5 3. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS .......................................................... 15 Objectives and Scope of Work ......................................................................... 15 Previous Surveys and Listed Resources .......................................................... 15 Anticipated Results ......................................................................................... 16 Selective-Intensive Survey .............................................................................. 16 Public Meetings/Outreach .............................................................................. 19 Project Participants ......................................................................................... 20 Acknowledgements ......................................................................................... 20 4. RECONNAISSANCE SURVEY ......................................................................... 25 Introduction .................................................................................................... 25 Preliminary Research, Public Meeting, and Newspaper Article ..................... 25 Pre-Fieldwork Database Task ......................................................................... 25 Field Survey ..................................................................................................... 26 Priority for Intensive Survey ........................................................................... 26 Reconnaissance Survey Results ...................................................................... 27 Finalization of the Intensive Survey List ....................................................... 28 A Note on Architectural Styles ....................................................................... 28 5. HISTORIC OVERVIEW ................................................................................... 31 Introduction .................................................................................................... 31 Early Agriculture and Settlement ................................................................... 32 Kiowa Becomes a County, 1889 ...................................................................... 37 Drought in the 1890s Brings Population Loss ................................................ 39 The 1900s: Transfer of the County Seat Brings Prominence to Eads ............ 42 Here Are Just the Lands: Favorable Conditions Encourage County Growth in the 1910s ........................................................................ 47

  • Kiowa County Historic Buildings Survey, 2008-09 Page iii

    TABLE OF

    CONTENTS

    1. INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................. 1 Purpose ............................................................................................................... 1 Project Results .................................................................................................... 2 Funding .............................................................................................................. 2 2. PROJECT AREA ................................................................................................. 5 Physical Setting .................................................................................................. 5 3. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS .......................................................... 15 Objectives and Scope of Work ......................................................................... 15 Previous Surveys and Listed Resources .......................................................... 15 Anticipated Results ......................................................................................... 16 Selective-Intensive Survey .............................................................................. 16 Public Meetings/Outreach .............................................................................. 19 Project Participants ......................................................................................... 20 Acknowledgements ......................................................................................... 20 4. RECONNAISSANCE SURVEY ......................................................................... 25 Introduction .................................................................................................... 25 Preliminary Research, Public Meeting, and Newspaper Article ..................... 25 Pre-Fieldwork Database Task ......................................................................... 25 Field Survey ..................................................................................................... 26 Priority for Intensive Survey ........................................................................... 26 Reconnaissance Survey Results ...................................................................... 27 Finalization of the Intensive Survey List ....................................................... 28 A Note on Architectural Styles ....................................................................... 28 5. HISTORIC OVERVIEW ................................................................................... 31 Introduction .................................................................................................... 31 Early Agriculture and Settlement ................................................................... 32 Kiowa Becomes a County, 1889 ...................................................................... 37 Drought in the 1890s Brings Population Loss ................................................ 39 The 1900s: Transfer of the County Seat Brings Prominence to Eads ............ 42 Here Are Just the Lands: Favorable Conditions Encourage County Growth in the 1910s ........................................................................ 47

  • Kiowa County Historic Buildings Survey, 2008-09 Page iv

    Early Growth Gives Way to Recession and Stagnation in the 1920s ................................................................................ 57 The Great Depression and New Deal and Construction in the 1930s ........... 66 World War II and Postwar Development ....................................................... 75 Kiowa County at “the Dawn of a New Millennium” ...................................... 83 6. RESULTS ......................................................................................................... 85 Individually Eligible Resources ....................................................................... 85 Construction Dates .......................................................................................... 85 Original Functions ......................................................................................... 102 Materials ........................................................................................................ 102 Historic Architectural Styles and Types ........................................................ 102 7. RECOMMENDATIONS .................................................................................. 115 8. BIBLIOGRAPHY ............................................................................................ 119

    APPENDIX ............................................................................................................... 123 Appendix: Kiowa County Reconnaissance Survey, 2008-09 Survey Priority by Town and Street Address ............................................ 125

    COVER: The 1300 block of Maine Street, Eads (view northeast) is shown in this late 1910s historic postcard view. The Nipps Building is at the right and the Whitelaw Dry Goods and former First National Bank of Eads buil