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    / li i~7~

    LOOK AND LEARN512Kani11,1[LE:: 111::::1liniCHinls



    ErI Bonno


    YokO lkedO chikOkO shin9wO KOOn TOlimo Kyoko TOkOshi

  • 2nCHh EBonno Yoko lkedo ChkOkO ShnogowO KooTomo Kyoko TOkOsh


  • ??????????




    Copyright 2009 1yEBam6,Yoko lkeda,Chikako Shinagawa,KaoTaiima,and Kyoko Tokashk.

    All riltS rcservedo No part of this publication ma.y be reproduced,stored in a retrieval s,stem,Ortransnlitted in any fol...or by any lneans,electrOnic,mcchanical,photocopying,recor(ng,or otherwise,

    without the por wrltten pennission ofthc publishc

    First cdition:lay 2009

    111ustrations:Noko UdagawaLayout dcslgn and typesettmg:DER Inc.Covcr designi Nakayalna Design Oce

    Gino Nakayama andKcnii SugiyamaPlblished by The Japan Tmes,Ltd.5-4,Shibaura 4-chome,N}1Tokyo 108-0023,JapanPhone:03-3453-2013h://7b00kclubjapantmes.jp/


    Printcd in Japan

  • 5 512





  • Preface

    This book is a begillningto interlnediatclevel kanJi textbook for Japancsc-language

    leamers from cultures that do not use Chinese characters.It is designed for basicallyo

    types ofstudents those who have alreadybegun to leam ktti but Wantto he more fmin their studies,andthOSe without anybackground in kali WhO Walltto Startleaming these


    Katti callnOtbe mastcrcd ovemight,and many leamers ind thc characters to be illtimi

    dating,tricky to memorize,and easy to forget.We,the authors ofthis book,have frequently

    worked with such leamers in our roles as Japaneselanguage instructors,so we deCided to

    pooltogether ideas from our daily teaching experiences to create atool forhclping students

    to tacklc kanJi.By caremlly sclccting and rcflning our idcas,we came up with a book that

    makes ka1lCaming hland casy through illustrations and llmemonic hints for each ofthe5 12 characters prescnted.We hope that this book will enable students to eOyly leammany kanJi and that it will serve as a handy reference for Japanese-language instrllctors

    when they teach kanJi.

    We wish to express our dcep appreciation to cveryone who assisted us during the flvc

    years it took to bring this book to completiono We espccially thank Chiaki Sckido of the

    Japan Tilnes Publications Department for painstakingly editillg our work,Noko Udagawafor drawing the illustrations,Yutaka Ono for aiding our developmellt ofthe lnateal,andour students for inspiring us to crcate this book.

    Apri1 2009The Authors

  • (3()Ke COntent9/Preface` .: [31/About This Book 181

    C)]//Kanii BaSiCS:=[16]

    /Kanii Parts pq





  • 11














  • 30




    (StrOke Countlndex)

    || Reading lndex)

    (Kanii Shape index)

    (Vocabulary lndex)





  • 1.512


    51211632432Part lPart 33

    Part l

    Part 2Part 3





  • 1.Targeted Users and PurposeThis book is designed priinarily for leamers from cultures that do not use Chinese characters.It

    presents 512 begillllingallld inteFlnediate-level katti alongith illustrations and inncmonic hints thatmake it fm and easy to lcam the haracters.By stuing with this textbook and practicing with thecompanion workbook,users should become able to comprehend beginning and intennediate-levelkanii tley comc across in reading,and tO writc those charactersom memory.

    2.Selection and Composition of Kanii PresentedThc 512 Li preSCnted in this book wcre selected on the basis ofsetteral factors,such as tlleir inclu

    sion in levels 3 and 4 oftlle Japanese Language Proicicncy Tcst(JLPT),and their usc as parts of otllcrkatti.This book is divided into 32 1essons,each ofwhich covers 16 kall.The characters are presentedh order of their JLPT classiicatiOn,sttting witllcvc1 4 and gradually working up to lcvc1 2.Thelcssons are grouped into tlree parts according to their JLPT lcvel,as indicatcd belol

    Lessons KanilPart l l-10 160 characters,including all JLPT leve1 4 kaiPart 2 11-20 160 characters,including all JLPT leve1 3 kaniiPart 3 21-32 192 characters,lnainly from JLPT lcvc1 2

    3.Features of This BookKanii can be easitt learned through fun illustrations and mnemonic hintsThc in illustrations and mnemonic hilts that accolnpany the katti preSented in this book prOde a

    lmk be/cen each charactcr's shapc and its meaning,making it casicr for uscrs to collunit tllc kai tomemory Some illustrations are based on pictograllls,vhile others were freely creatcd with no relationship to thc charactcr's origin.

    The book doubles as a kanii diCtiOmaryThis book is designed to allow users to readily look up the meaning,Icadings,stroke count,and

    strokc ordcr ofkatti,aS well as thc kai that fOrln part of othcr characters,casily conised kalJi,alldwords incorporating particular kalli By referring to the various indexcs included atthe end ofthc book,

    begiing leamers can use this book like a katti diCtiOnary.

    e Workbook helps users to gain a rFlrmer grasp ofkaniiUsing the companion workbook(sold Separate)in cOttllnctiOnwitllthis book enablesusers to leanl

    htti nOt Only tt the lcvel ofcharacters and words,but also in tllc contcxt of scntences alld longer text.

    Kanii can be learned efrlcientwThe kaji vocabulaly in this book that should be smdied fOr particular levels oftlle JLPT have bcen

    shaded to make it easier for lealllers to focus on them.These expressions are also practiced in the work

    book to allow beginning allld intermediate stlldents to eicientlcam the necessary Lji.

  • ==::3


    ()>>>() ()

    ( )

    Part l(110):4Part 2(1120):34Part 3(2132):24X

    to run

    lrun even whenm covered>>


    ll ()ta ()cscapC flom a pjson ()rtlllnhg aw()nllning,moving



    7>~|||1| | | | | | | 1o)o50

  • 4.Kanil TablesEach target kaul is presentcd in a table fbrIInattcd as follows.

    to run

    lrun even whenl'm covered


    |(`14| ()fcastt()cscapc nom a psO. ()llllngv()lmh3 mttng

    of)nlcltorcydc gallg


    7>~||1/FI| | | | | | | 1oo)o50

    Entry number The targct kattiarc nurnbercd in odcr oftheir appearance in the book. Kanii Meaning(ill Englis ReadingsReadings marlced with>are 777,Or readhgs dered from tlc Chinesc pronunci41on of thCcharactcThose marked withare ttIPO,Or readings that represellt the native Japanese word forthe conccpt expressed by the character.

    Both =772and2

    =777readings Fre arranged in the order of their appcarance in the vocabulary

    liSt()Ofthe tablcEach table presents all readings includcd m thc J5y5 KattiliSt(a liSt Of l,945 standard kanJiissucd byJapan's Ministry ofEd10ation in 1981).0 0

    lzand77,radings sometilncs changc to assimilated or voiced soundsvhen the kanJi

    appetts in the middle or end of a compound.Such phonetically shited readings are also included ifthc table's vocabulalist contains words with those readings.Rcadings listed in bold are ones that slould bC Studicd as part ofthe lesson.Thesc arc readhgs thatappear in the shadcd expressions(fOCus words)OfthC tle's vocabula7 1ist.

    Mnemonic hint This is a short dcscption or scenario designed to facilitate lnemorization ofthe characteThevord

    in bold indicates the kallJl'S rneaning.Rcading the lnnemonic hint whilc looking atthc accolmpanylngillustration allows the user to fonm a lnental link beveen the kanJl's foflll and meaning,Inaking it

    easier to rcmember thcm.Also,kani cnclosed in parcnthescs in the lllncmonic hillt are a part ofthetarget kanJi,or are related to the target kttji.This feattre was added to malce new ki eaSier toremembcrby tying tllem to kanil already leamed.

    A Japanese translation is providcd fOr each hint. Vocabulary listThis section lists exprcssiOns containing the target kani that are frequentused Or represellt various

    readings of thc target kali.Shadcd expressions are focus words tlat should be memorized,and are

    included in the workbook drills.The levels ofthe shaded expressions are as follovs.

  • : Kallii PartsKallii Parts(Kallii Parts)


    5.Kanii Partsp.[26]p7]Kallii PartsKallii Parts ()1616Kallii PartsAP


    ? ||40 1293 1376 412





  • Pat l(Lessons l-10): Mainly WOrds at JLPT leve1 4Part 2(Lessons H 20):Mainly words atJLPT levels 3 and 4Part 3(Lessons 21-32):Mainly words at PT levels 2 to 4

    Vocabulary marked with*arc words h which the target ktti haS anunusualreading nOtlistcd inthereadings scctiOn()ofthe table Stroke cOunt()Stroke Order AddidomalinformatioOR(

    :Items markedwithttare kaIl or COlnponents thtt foml part ofthe target kalJi,

    or are kanil includcd in thc lllmemonic hint.Iftlle item is alindepcndcnt charactcthe entry numberis gcn.If tllc item is a kalJi part,tle corresponding kai part codc is listcd(scC the followingsection;``Ktti PartS,''for details).

    Jtts`4S:Items marked with all exclamation mark()arc kanJi tlat are casily conhsed

    with tlle target kai due tO their similttity in forln.It's ilmportant to take notice ofthe differcnces in

    shape so in order to avoid using thevrong kalJi.

    5.Kanii PartsPages[26][27]listkaljiparts,which are colmponents ofkaithat hold meaning