Kanji Look and learn

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Kanji Look and learn

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LOOK AND LEARN512Kani11,1[LE

::

111::::1liniCHinls

ErI Bonno

YokO lkedO

chikOkO shin9 wO

KOOn TOlimo

Kyoko TOkOshi

The

2

n

CHh Yoko lkedo

E

Koo

To mo

Kyoko TOkOsh

Bonno

ChkOkO ShnogowO

Thc

[ ]

Copyright 2009 1yE Bam6,Yoko lkeda,Chikako Shinagawa,Kao Taiima,and Kyoko Tokashk.All ri ltS rcservedo No part of this publication ma.y be reproduced,stored in a retrieval s,stem,Or

transnlitted in any fol...or by any lneans,electrOnic,mcchanical,photocopying,recor( without the p or wrltten pennission ofthc publishcFirst cdition: lay

ng,or otherwise,

2009

111ustrations:No

ko Udagawa

Layout dcslgn and typesettmg:DER Inc. Covcr designi Nakayalna Design O ceGin oPlblished

Nakayama andKcnii Sugiyama

by The Japan Tmes,Ltd.

}1 Tokyo 108-0023,Japan 5-4,Shibaura 4-chome,N Phone:03-3453-2013

h ://7b00kclubjapantmes. jp/1SBN978-4-78 }1349-9Printcd in Japan

5 512 5 L

2009 4

[31

Preface

This book is a begillning to interlnediatc level kanJi textbook for Japancsc-language

leamers from cultures that do not use Chinese characters.It is designed for basically

o

types ofstudents those who have alreadybegun to leam ktti but Wantto h e more fmin their studies,andthOSe without anybackground in kal i WhO Walltto Startleaming thesecharacters.

Katti callnOtbe mastcrcd ovemight,and many leamers ind thc characters to be illtimi dating,tricky to memorize,and easy to forget.We,the authors ofthis book,have frequently worked with such leamers in our roles as Japanese language instructors,so we deCided to pooltogether ideas from our daily teaching experiences to create atool forhclping students to tacklc kanJi.By caremlly sclccting and rcflning our idcas,we came up with a book that

makes ka 1lCaming hl and casy through illustrations and llmemonic hints for each ofthe5 12 characters prescnted.We hope that this book will enable students to e

Oy ly leam

many kanJi and that it will serve as a handy reference for Japanese-language instrllctors when they teach kanJi.

We wish to express our dcep appreciation to cveryone who assisted us during the flvc years it took to bring this book to completiono We espccially thank Chiaki Sckido of the Japan Tilnes Publications Department for painstakingly editillg our work,No

ko Udagawaal,and

for drawing the illustrations,Yutaka Ono for aiding our developmellt ofthe lnateour students for inspiring us to crcate this book.

Apri1 2009

The Authors

(3 ()Ke COntent9/Preface ` .: [31 /About This Book = :

181

C)] //Kanii BaSiCS [16] pq /Kanii Parts

1

2

3

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

:61

30

31

32

(StrOke Countlndex) 198 200 Reading lndex) (Kanii Shape index) 209 (Vocabulary lndex) 217'

1. 512

2. 4 3 512 1 16 32 4 3 2 Part l Part 3 3

Part l

Part 2 Part 3

1-10 11-20 21-32

4 160 3 160 2 192

3. ( )

1.Targeted Users and PurposeThis book is designed priinarily for leamers from cultures that do not use Chinese characters.Itpresents 512 begilllling

ith illustrations and inncmonic hints that allld inteFlnediate-level katti along

make it fm and easy to lcam the haracters.By stu ing with this textbook and practicing with the

companion workbook,users should become able to comprehend beginning and intennediate-levelkanii tl ey

comc across in reading,and tO writc those characters om memory.

2.Selection and Composition of Kanii PresentedThc 512 L ipreSCnted in this book wcre selected on the basis ofsetteral factors,such as tlleir inclu

sion in levels 3 and 4 oftlle Japanese Language Proicicncy Tcst(JLPT),and their usc as parts of otllcr katti.This book is divided into 32 1essons,each ofwhich covers 16 kall.The characters are presented h order of their JLPT classiicatiOn,sttting witl lcvc1 4 and gradually working up to lcvc1 2.Thelcssons are grouped into tlree parts according to their JLPT lcvel,as indicatcd belol

LessonsPart lPart 2

Kanil160 characters,including all JLPT leve1 4 ka160 characters,including all JLPT leve1 3 kaniii

l-1011-20

Part 3

21-32

192 characters,lnainly from JLPT lcvc1 2

3.Features of This Book Kanii can be easitt learned through fun illustrations and mnemonic hintsThc in illustrations and mnemonic hil ts that accolnpany the katti preSented in this book prO de ai to

lmk be /cen each charactcr's shapc and its meaning,making it casicr for uscrs to collunit tllc ka

memory Some illustrations are based on pictograllls,vhile others were freely creatcd with no relationship to thc charactcr's origin.

The book doubles as a kanii diCtiOmary

This book is designed to allow users to readily look up the meaning,Icadings,stroke count,andstrokc ordcr ofkatti,aS well as thc ka i that fOrln part of othcr characters,casily conised kalJi,alldwords incorporating particular kall

i By referring to the various indexcs included atthe end ofthc book,

begi ing leamers can use this book like a katti diCtiOnary. e Workbook helps users to gain a rFlrmer grasp ofkanii Using the companion workbook(sold Separate )in cOttllnctiOnwitllthis book enablesusers to leanlhtti nOt Only tt the lcvel ofcharacters and words,but also in tllc contcxt of scntences alld longer text.

Kanii can be learned efrlcientwThe kaji vocabulaly in this book that should be smdied fOr particular levels oftlle JLPT have bcenshaded to make it easier for leal llers to focus on them.These expressions are also practiced in the work

book to allow beginning allld intermediate stlldents to eicient

lcam the necessary L ji.

==

::3

4. to run

lrun even when m covered ll ( ( )ta "ll

> >

) (

( )cscapC flom a pjson ( )rtlllnhg aw ( )nllning,moving

)Dcccmbcr

7>

1

o 1 ) o50

( ) > > > ( ) ( ) ( )

Part l(

1 10 ): 4

Part 2( 11 20 ): 3 4 Part 3( 21 32 ): 2 4

X

4.Kanil TablesEach target kaul is presentcd in a table fbrIInattcd as follows.

to run

(`14 (

lrun even whenl'm covered

> >

of )nlcltorcydc gallg

)fcast t( )cscapc nom a p sO. ( ) ngv )lmh3 mttng ( llll

(

)Dccclllb

7>

1/

FI

o 1 o ) o50

Entry number The targct kattiarc nurnbercd in o dcr oftheir appearance in the book. Kanii Meaning(ill Englis Readings Readings marlced with>are ,Or readhgs der ed from tl c Chinesc pronunci41on of thC ,Or readings that represellt the native Japanese word for charactc Those marked with are tt 777 IPO

the conccpt expressed by the character.

Both and 2 772= =

readings Fre arranged in the order of their appcarance in the vocabulary 777

liSt( )Ofthe tablc

Each0 0

table presents all readings includcd m thc J5y5 KattiliSt(a liSt Of l,945 standard kanJiissucd by

Japan's Ministry ofEd 10ation in 1981).77, r z and adings sometilncs changc to assimilated or voiced sounds vhen the kanJi appetts in the middle or end of a compound.Such phonetically shited readings are also included if l

thc table's vocabula

list contains words with those readings.

Rcadings listed in bold are ones that slould bC Studicd as part ofthe lesson.Thesc arc readhgs that appear in the shadcd expressions(fOCus words)OfthC tle's vocabula7 1ist.

Mnemonic hint This is a short dcscption or scenario designed to facilitate lnemorization ofthe characte The vord in bold indicates the kallJl'S rneaning.Rcading the lnnemonic hint whilc looking atthc accolmpanylngillustration allows the user to fonm a lnental link be veen the kanJl's foflll and meaning,Inaking it

easier to rcmember thcm.Also,kan i cnclosed in parcnthescs in the lllncmonic hillt are a part ofthetarget kanJi,or are related to the target kttji.This feattre was added to malce new k remembcrby tying tllem to kanil already leamed.i eaSier to

A Japanese translation is providcd fOr each hint. Vocabulary listThis section lists exprcssiOns containing the target kan i that are frequent used Or represellt various

readings of thc target kal i.Shadcd expressions are focus words tl at should be memorized,and are included in the workbook drills.The levels ofthe shaded expressions are as follovs.

: Kallii Parts Kallii Parts (Kallii Parts ) :

5.Kanii Parts p7]Kallii Parts Kallii Parts ( ) 16 16 Kallii Parts A P p.[26]

A.knife

1

412

40

1293

1376

6. (p.198 p199) 8 1 (p.200 p.208) (p.209 p216)