Kamikaze --beatrice-garland

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Transcript of Kamikaze --beatrice-garland

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What is happening here?

What do you think the title of this poem will be?

Kamikaze Beatrice GarlandLO: To explore the themes of conflict and power in Kamikaze.

Quick contextKamikaze pilots were Japanese volunteers who offered to give their lives to destroy the enemy (in short a WW2 suicide bomber). Why would these pilots volunteer/agree to take their own lives?What do you think will be the content of the poem, based on your knowledge?

Soldiers / Kamikaze Pilots oath1.A soldier must make loyalty his obligation.2.A soldier must make propriety his way of life.3.A soldier must highly esteem military valour.4.A soldier must have a high regard for righteousness.5.A soldier must live a simple life.

It is an ancient Samurai ritual to commit suicide if you dishonoured yourself or your country this is called Seppuku. Seppuku involved taking a knife or sword and stabbing yourself in the stomach, disembowelling yourself in the process. (This occurred in WW2, soldiers would rather kill themselves than be captured if the battle was lost)

Click the pic for a reading

What is the poem about?A kamikaze pilotFlying on his mission during WW2Recounts images of natural beautyChanges his mind returns home where everyone is ashamed

Structure7 regular stanzas reflects strict routine of militaryFree verse creates a serious tone. Represents the lack of freedom the pilot has in his mission.Enjambment The poem flows quite rapidly and represents the movement of a kamikaze plane as it flies downwards.

Her father embarked at sunrisewith a flask of water, a samurai swordin the cockpit, a shaven headfull of powerful incantationsand enough fuel for a one-wayjourney into historyLO: To explore the themes of conflict and power in Kamikaze.How does the poet approach the themes of power, conflict and death?Almost sounds pleasant / sense of achievement and pride at making history They will never be forgottenK-pilots would carry a sword if they were captured but to commit suicide fall upon swordDouble meaning gets on a plane / going on an adventurePart of a ritual to prepare themselvesImplies deathSoldiers shaved their heads as part of a ritual to demonstrate their readiness

but half way there, she thought,recounting it later to her children,he must have looked far downat the little fishing boatsstrung out like buntingon a green-blue translucent seaLO: To explore the themes of conflict and power in Kamikaze.KQ: How does the poet approach the themes of power, conflict and death?Change in tone hereHis experiences only interpreted by others The pilot does not have a voiceSimile associated with celebrations encourages him to consider what he may miss out onModel verb must creates a bond between the pilot and narrator shows sympathy

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and beneath them, arcing in swatheslike a huge flag waved first one waythen the other in a figure of eight,the dark shoals of fishesflashing silver as their belliesswivelled towards the sunLO: To explore the themes of conflict and power in Kamikaze.KQ: How does the poet approach the themes of power, conflict and death?swivelled recalls the fatal spiral pilots used to hit their targetsSimile flag The pilots patriotism being questioned in this missionThe narrator suggests that such natural beauty may have discouraged the pilot from completing his missionThe repetition of s and f sounds create pace and could mimic the motion of the aircraft.

Swivelling = movement of a kamikaze plane/pilot as it attacks a target.10

and remembered how heand his brothers waiting on the shorebuilt cairns of pearl-grey pebblesto see whose withstood longestthe turbulent inrush of breakersbringing their fathers boat safeLO: To explore the themes of conflict and power in Kamikaze.KQ: How does the poet approach the themes of power, conflict and death?Cairns pile of stones/pebbles that acts as a memorial or (safety/direction for walkers)

Returning home safely? Not applicable for this soldier.Reminder of the pilots childhoodLack of punctuation the pilot recalls childhood memories which overtake his ability to complete his missionturbulent and safe contrasting vocabulary show the turmoil and confusion of the pilot

yes, grandfathers boat safeto the shore, salt-sodden, awashwith cloud-marked mackerel,black crabs, feathery prawns,the loose silver of whitebait and oncea tuna, the dark prince, muscular, dangerous.LO: To explore the themes of conflict and power in Kamikaze.KQ: How does the poet approach the themes of power, conflict and death?Why is this in italics? What is it talking about?Sibilance gives the effect of being read like a nursery rhyme why is this significant?How does this stanza link to the theme of conflict?Unpredictable? How does this relate to the pilot?Alone, removed from the rest of the group.Why does the narrator highlight the natural beauty witnessed by the pilot?

And though he came backmy mother never spoke againin his presence, nor did she meet his eyesand the neighbours too, they treated himas though he no longer existed,only we children still chattered and laughedLO: To explore the themes of conflict and power in Kamikaze.KQ: How does the poet approach the themes of power, conflict and death?Why are most of the last two stanzas in italics?Change of tone - What does the And though reveal?Why is it only the children will talk to the pilot?What is the conflict in this chapter?Tension Is the mother embarrassed, disgusted by his actions?Ashamed

till gradually we too learnedto be silent, to live as thoughhe had never returned, that thiswas no longer the father we loved.And sometimes, she said, he must have wonderedwhich had been the better way to die.LO: To explore the themes of conflict and power in Kamikaze.KQ: How does the poet approach the themes of power, conflict and death?Last line: Huge impact!Would it have been better to kill himself in the war than to return to this life?

What has happened here? Why has it happened?What is the deeper meaning / underlying theme?The modal verb must creates a bond between the pilot and the narrator. There is a hint of desperation in the tone as though the narrator wants the reader to also show him mercy. Commas used to stop the poem on purpose The children not speaking to the father anymoreTragic tone at the end

Now you know the poem, on the piece of A4 in front of you, I want you to comment on one of the central themes in the poem.

Focus on one part of the poem and explain it in detail pick out the imagery in the language and explain the effect on the reader.KQ: How does the poet approach the themes of power, conflict and death?LO: To explore the themes of conflict and power in Kamikaze.

Use help sheets as a starting point for students.15

You can choose to comment onConflictDeathPower(Your own theme!)

How does the writer present your chosen theme? (Consider the use of poetic techniques and imagery included in the poem)USE QUOTES EXPLAIN THEM!

KQ: How does the poet approach the themes of power, conflict and death?LO: To explore the themes of conflict and power in Kamikaze.

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KAMIKAZEMake your A4 into a paper aeroplane!

Catch or pick up the closest planeI will be picking people at random to read what is on their aeroplane.

Get ready to add ideas /annotations to your copy of the poem.

Feedback encourage other students to add to their annotations. Random name generator.

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