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  1. 1. Embodied Intelligence in the Stieglitz Circle Article by Kathleen Pyne Presented by Karen Ralston and Kay Swindell
  2. 2. Photo Secession, 1906
  3. 3. Edward Steichen, AlfredStieglitz at 291 , 1915
  4. 4. Edward Steichen,Self Portrait,1901 Gum Bichromate
  5. 5. Stieglitz, Steichen, Strand The Metropolitan Museum of Art November 10, 2010April 10, 2011
    • http://www.metmuseum.org
    • Exhibitions
    • Stieglitz, Steichen, Strand
    • See the Collection Database
    • Gallery View
  6. 11. Stieglitz: Photo Secession
    • Photo-Secession actually means a seceding from the accepted idea of what constitutes a photograph.
    • Promote photography as fine art in general and photographic pictorialism in particular.
  7. 12. Camera Work 1903-1917
  8. 13. Gertrude Ksebier,Evelyn Nesbit,1932
  9. 14. Gertrude Ksebier,The Sketch,1899-1902 Platinum Print
  10. 15. James Whistler,Nocturnes: Blue and Gold Old Battersea Bridge 1872Falling Rocket 1874
  11. 16. Whistlers Influence on the Photo Secessionists
    • Make imagesas if Whistler held a camera
    • Mystery
    • Musicality
    • Soft focus
    • Veiling of subject
  12. 17. Softening Techniques Linked RingGroup in England
    • Pinhole photography
    • Retouching
    • Etching in negative
    • Printing through screens
    • Printing on rough paper
    • Wetting the lens
  13. 18. Alfred Stieglitz and Clarence White,The Torso,1907 Platinum print
  14. 19. Alfred Stieglitz,Katherine and Elizabeth Stieglitz,1907-Autochrome
  15. 20. Edward Steichen,Charlotte Spaulding,ca. 1908 Autochrome
  16. 21. Edward Steichen,The Pond-Moonlight,1904 Photogravure
  17. 22. Stieglitz Dethrones Ksebier; Celebrates Brigman
    • A reformed feminine emblem
    • Embodies the nudes of Matisse, Picasso and Czanne
    • Rhythmic, flowing form
    • Highly manipulated negatives
    • Liberated female body
  18. 23. Anne Brigman,The Breeze, Dawn1909-10
  19. 24. Anne Brigman, Platinum Prints The Dying Cedar,1906Via Dolorosa,1911-1912
  20. 25. SUMMARY
    • Stieglitz always investigating the medium
    • Always looking for perfection and morphing to achieve his new ideal
    • The Stieglitz Circle played a critical role in the interchange between painting and photography during the early years of the twentieth century.
  21. 26. KAY SWINDELL
  22. 27. The New Modernism break from Photo Secession
    • Freedom from past perimeters, styles, labels
    • Removing the veil from human sexuality and supporting in philosophy and art a throwing off of societal roles and gender limitations
    • Embracing feelings, ideas, and sensations in all arts and through abstract and cubist art.
    • Various sources included Kandinsky, Asian art principles, personal authenticity, music, dance
  23. 28. Deconstructing the nude
    • Stieglitz, writing to Brigman in 1918-9 used the term no fuzzyism
    • Earlier nudes were Venus-like; in keeping with late 19 thC masked human sexuality
    • With the 1918-19 OK series, Stieglitz concentrated on individual shapes
    • Liberated from the past to achieve artistic creativity
  24. 29. Alfred Stieglitz,Spring Showers, New York,Negative, 1900/01.Photogravure
  25. 30. Pablo Picasso,Standing Female Nude,1910 Half-tone reproduction
  26. 31. Alfred Stieglitz,Georgia OKeeffe,1919 Palladium
  27. 32. Alfred Stieglitz,Georgia OKeeffe,1918 Photograph (gelatin silver print)
  28. 33. OKeeffes Path to Modernism
    • Application of Dows principles ofcomposition
    • Japanese prints, Nocturnes of Whistler, childrens art
    • Witnessing Marins topsy-turvy Woolworth Bldg. illustrating a moving of me (Marins words) and referring to Brigman photographs, and later, Stieglitzs OKeeffe nudes.
    • Isadora Duncan performing a new, free, undulating modern dance style in flowing blues
    • Baksts costume designs for Ballet Russe inspired OKeeffe spiral vocabulary in abstracted works from nature as well as her brilliant color combinations.
  29. 34. Georgia OKeeffe,Untitled (Woman by Window),1907-08
  30. 35. Georgia OKeeffe,Yellow House,1917
  31. 36. Abraham Walkowitz,Isadora Duncan,ca. 1910
  32. 37. Lon Bakst,Design for the Faun from thePrlude Laprs-midi dun faune ,1912
  33. 38. Georgia OKeeffe,PansyBlack Pansy & Forget-Me-Nots,1926
  34. 39. Georgia OKeeffe,L.K. White Calla and Roses 1926
  35. 40. Alfred Stieglitz: In Search of Truth
    • Focus:soft and fuzzy or clean and straight
    • His modernism: dematerialized vision to embodied sensation
    • Never let go of termsspiritandsoul
  36. 41. THANK YOU!