[Jpeg]fardhu'ain lesson#11-arkaan-ul-islam(3)-zakah(april2011)

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“A BEGINNERS’ COURSE ON ISLAM” Lessons on Fardhu ‘Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail.Excerpts from Notes: on ZAKAT - third pillar of Islam (submission)

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  • 1.
    • THE third PILLAR OF ISLAM IN PRACTICALIZINGOBEDIENCE TO
    • THE MESSAGE OF THE ABSOLUTE ONENESS OF ALLAH ( TAU H EED )
    All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL EXTRACTED FROM FAARDHU AIN COURSE FOR ADULTS

2. A BEGINNERS COURSE ON ISLAM Lessons onFardhu Ain in English for Adults conducted by Ustaz Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail HADITH OF JIBRA-IL LESSON #11 Usingtextbook & curriculum he has developed especially forMuslim converts and young Adult English-speaking Muslims. To seek knowledge is obligatory upon every Muslim (male & female) IT CAN ALSO BE A REFRESHER COURSE FOR MUSLIM PARENTS, EDUCATORS, IN CONTEMPORARY SINGAPORE.OPEN TO ALL UPDATED APRIL 2011 Every Friday night @ 8pm 10pm Wisma Indah, 450 Changi Road,#02-00 next to Masjid Kassim All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) ARKAAN AL-ISLAM Pillars of Islam (Submission) IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, MOST COMPASSIONATE, MOST MERCIFUL AZ-ZAKAH (TAX UPON WEALTH) 3.

  • In respecting the dominance of the followers, adherents of the school ofFiqhofal-Mujtahid-mutlaq al-Imam Muhammad ibn Idris ash-Shafi-ie rhm.a .here in this region, the practices in this manual / lesson onFIQHmatters, shall subscribe and be in conformity with this school of Islamic jurisprudence ( madzhab ).
  • Yet, we hold to a healthy respect and tolerance ( tasamuh ) towards othermadzaahibandikhtilaaf(differences of opinion) amongst Islamic scholars.
  • The dominant schools of Islamic jurisprudence generally accepted are the,Jaafari, Maliki, Hanafi, ShafieandHanbali.

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail (2011) 4. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 5.

  • Zakah or Zakat here is meant:
  • the compulsory tax upon a Muslims wealth, to be given out to certain categories of people, as commanded by Allah .

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 6.

  • Yet, it is interesting to note that the Arabic word Zakah has the meaning of to purify as well as to make it grow . Thus, Allahsays:

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 7.

  • Yet, it is interesting to note that the Arabic word Zakah has the meaning of to purify as well as to make it grow . Thus, Allahsays:

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 8.

  • We come into this world without any possession. Then we begin to acquire for our needs, provision and possessions - and begin accumulating and amassing wealth.
  • Our interaction with this world and material possessions will have effect upon our self ( Nafs ), our hearts ( Qolb ), our soul ( Ruh ).
  • Regarding our Self, or heart, Allah says:

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 FIRST REASON 9. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 FIRST REASON 10.

  • And a soul ( Nafs ) and Him Who perfected it.
  • And inspired it (with conscience of) what is wrong for it and (what is) right for it.
  • He is indeed successful who purify and causes it to grow,
  • And he is indeed a failure who stunted it.
  • ( Quran: ash-Shams: 91: 7-10 )

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 FIRST REASON 11. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 FIRST REASON 12. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 FIRST REASON 13. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011

  • Islam never totally reject the world nor does it denies the importance to Muslims acquiring wealth.
  • Yet it knows what these can do to our spiritual self. Thus, it is indeed crucial to avert corruption and spiritual diseases from affecting our hearts and soul ( nafs ) which wealth and material possessions may bring e.g. Greed, possessiveness, miserliness, avarice, corruption, oppression etc.

14. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011

  • There is a saying:

Love for the world (affection and attachment tomaterial possession) is the head (root) of everysins (wrong-doings,(mistakes, errors etc.) 15. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 16. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 Verily We have created Man into toil and struggle. Thinks he, that none hath power over him? He may say (boastfully): "Wealth have I squandered in abundance!Thinks he that none beholds him? Have We not made for him a pair of eyes? And a tongue, and a pair of lips? And shown him the two highways? ( Quran: al-Balad: 90: 7-10 ) 17. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011

  • Thus, Muslims not only needs to be reminded that:
  • [a]possession and wealth are bestowals of Allah, only as temporary trust ( amanah ) for our use;
  • [b]it is how you get this and how you spent it that you shall be questioned by Allah s.w.t. not how much you accumulate!

18. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011

  • Thus, Muslims not only needs to be reminded that:
  • [c]remember how innocent we were, until we began to develop selfishness, greed, miserly, covetousness etc.
  • Thus,Zakahis to effectively and as practical reminder to be inculcated, so as not to allow such corruptions to occur in our Self/Soul.

19.

  • All bestowals and wealth is from Allah. And He would generally bestow upon many amongst mankind more than what he needs, so that through them these wealth would be shared with the others who deserves it.

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 SECONDREASON 20.

  • There is no shortage of Allahs bestowal upon mankind regarding wealth and provision mankind's economic problem is only regarding its distribution.
  • This is because living in this world is but a test especially in this case, test upon rich towards the poor, the have towards those who have not.

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 SECONDREASON 21.

  • Thus, Muslim regards part of what Allah gives him to include what belongs to others, which becomes hisamanah(trust) to distribute them to its rightful recipients.

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 SECONDREASON 22.

  • And because the Muslim regards his wealth to includes what belongs to others. As long as these are not given out to theirrightful recipients, his wealth is not totally regarded as his. Therefore by giving out thezakat , it is like purifying the wealth which is in his possession from what is not his and forbidden for him to consume

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 SECONDREASON 23. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 24.

  • What is the real worth of our wealth? With death, these wealth looses all value for us, except those that has been spent in accordance towards what Allah commanded us to and He promises to increase them, not only its amount, but its real value for us will be eternally enjoyed beyond our death.

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 FIRSTREASONING 25.

  • The promise reward is a minimum return of 1 : 700% (certainly a most generous investment returns for our hereafter).

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 FIRSTREASONING 26. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 FIRSTREASONING 27.

  • The likeness of those who spend their wealth in Allah's way is as the likeness of a grain which grows seven ears (cobs e.g. like corn), in every ear a hundred grains. Allah gives increase manifold to whom He will. Allah is All-Embracing, All-Knowing.
  • ( Quran: Baqarah: 2: 261 )

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 FIRSTREASONING 28.

  • Wealth is measured, not by how much money is a country, but by how it has been circulated and how many times it is used. Thus a countrys economy is measured by Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 SECONDREASONING 29.

  • In society, there are people who do not have spending power due to poverty or unemployment etc. (whichzakatis meant for). Providing for them means injecting into the economy catalysts to increase economic activity because of the multiplier effect it generates.

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 SECONDREASONING 30.

  • Thus it is, thatZakatseems to penalise unused wealth, to discourage hoardings especially when these wealth inevitably deprive those who are in need from having means to spend even on basics.

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 SECONDREASONING 31.

  • Wealth when used or injected into the economy would in fact generate work and incomes to these various category of people, thus, by increasing consumer demand (spending) increases national products and services, whereas hoarding wealth would stifle and retard the economy.

All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 SECONDREASONING 32. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 33. All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 34.

  • Agricultural produce

TYPES OF WEALTH NISAB HAUL RATES OF ZAKAT 635 kg. Per harvest

  • 5% produce in case of irrigated land.
  • 10% produce from rain-fed land.

Reference: Fiqhuz-Zakah Sheikh Dr. Yusuf al-Qardhawi All Rights Reserved Zhulkeflee Hj Ismail 2011 35.

  • Gold, silver or ornaments of gold and silver

TYPES OF WEALTH NISAB HAUL RATES OF ZAKAT 85 gm (gold) 595 gm (silver) One year (lunar)

  • 2.5% of the