Jesus in Quran and Islamic Tradition

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  • Jesus in the Quranand Islamic TraditionPresentation by Vernon K. Robbins

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  • Jesus in the Quran

    and Islamic Tradition

    Presentation by Vernon K. Robbins

  • Basic Information570 AD: Muhammads birthPlace: Mecca, Saudi ArabiaLearned trading from Uncle Abu Talib595 AD: Married Khadijah: rich widow Took a month retreat yearly near Mt. Hira610 AD: First revelation of Quran 40 yrs old: month retreat Ramadan622 AD: Hijrah from Mecca to Yathrib/Medina Islamic State and Constitution632 AD: Death of Muhammad

  • Earliest Revelation: 96:1-5In the name of thy Lord who created.Created man from a clot.And thy Lord is the Most Bounteous,Who taught by the pen,Taught man that which he knew not.

  • Jewsin Muhammads LifeJews were present in Mecca, before Muhammad went to Medina.Many Jewish tribes were present at Medina.Some Jewish tribes of Medina opposed Muhammad.In the Constitution of Medina, Jews were included in Muhammads community as long as they contributed to the welfare of the community.

  • Christiansin Muhammads LifeWhile a young man traveling as a trader, Muhammad had conversations with Christian monks and hermits.Muhammads wife Khadijah had a cousin Waraqa, who became a Christian and influenced Muhammad.Christians are mentioned in Quran revelations only after Muhammad moved to Medina.In the Constitution of Medina, Christians were included alongside Jews as people who receive protection if they were peaceful with Muhammads community.

  • Jesusin the QuranJesus (Isa): 25 times in the QuranQ 2:87: And verily We gave unto Moses the Scripture and We caused a train of messengers to follow after him, and We gave unto Jesus, son of Mary, clear proofs (of Gods sovereignty), and We supported him with the Holy Spirit.

  • Jesus among the Prophets in the QuranQ 2:136: Say (O Muslims): We believe in God and what is revealed unto us and what was revealed unto Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes, and what Moses and Jesus received, and what the prophets received from their Lord.We make no distinction between any of them, and unto Him we have surrendered.

  • The Ancestors of Jesusin the New TestamentPauls Letter to the Romans 1:3-4Jesus ChristDescended from David according to the fleshDeclared to be Son of God with power according to the spirit of holiness by resurrection from the dead

  • Family Genealogies in the New Testament

    Gospel of Matthew 1

    Gospel of Luke 3

  • The Ancestors of Jesusin Gospel of Matthew 1:1-17Abraham (Jesus is Son of Abraham)toDavid (Jesus is Son of David)throughJoseph, Son of David (Matt 1:20)

    Mary has no family line in Matthew!

  • The Ancestors of Jesusin Gospel of Luke 3:23-38Adam, son of God

    (Jesus is Son of God: Luke 3:22; 4:3, 9)AbrahamDavid (Jesus is Son of David)

    Luke 1:32; 18:38-39Joseph, father of Jesus, as was supposed Luke 3:23

  • Information about Jesus in the QuranThe Quran has no information from the Gospel of Matthew. Jesus information in the Quran is related to the Gospels of Luke and John only.Only Luke has Zechariah and Elizabeth, parents of John the Baptist, whom the Quran knows.

  • Angel Gabriel and Jesus in the QuranIn Luke, the angel Gabriel comes and speaks first to Zechariah in the temple and second to Mary at her home.From a Muslim perspective, when the angel Gabriel brought Gods words to Zechariah and Mary, these were Quranic moments in history.

  • Gabriel recites Gods wordsto Special People throughout HistorySix hundred years later, the same Gabriel brought words of God to Muhammad. These words are Quran (the recitation [al-Quran] of Gods words). There are 114 chapters of Gods words to Muhammad in the Quran, revealed by angels (most often Gabriel).

  • Mary and Her Familyin the QuranChapter 19 in the Quran has the title Mary.It focuses on Mary, the mother of Jesus.Chapter 3 in the Quran has the title Family of Imran.In Muslim tradition, Imran is the father of Mary.The name Imran is the Arabic of Amram, the name of the father of Moses, Aaron, and Miriam (Maryam or Mary) in the Old Testament.

  • Mary, Mother of Jesus,in the QuranMarys name occurs 34 times in the QuranMarys name occurs 19 times in the New Testament (fewer than the Quran)Reason: 21 of the 25 times in the Quran Jesus is called Jesus son of Mary Mary is the only named woman in the Quran. Seven others are wife of [e.g., Noah].

  • The Quran also knowsthe Infancy Gospel of James (200 AD Christian Gospel)Extends Luke before the birth of John the Baptist back to the birth of Mary to Anna.As a child, Mary is kept in a holy bedroom like a small place of worship. Mary is placed in the Jerusalem Temple at age three (like Samuel) to be kept holy.

  • Infancy Gospel of James cont. In Infancy James, Zechariah the father of John the Baptist is High Priest of the Temple when Mary is there.Mary is taken out of the Temple at age 12 so she will not pollute it with her blood flow.Mary is assigned to Joseph who already has sons (James, Joses, Jude).

  • The Quran never refersto Joseph, husband of Mary The Quran never refers to New Testament Joseph (only Old Testament Joseph: Q 12).Therefore, in the Quran Jesus is never son of Joseph.Jesus is only son of Mary in the Quran.

  • God said, Be, to Create both Adam and Jesus 3:59: Lo! the likeness of Jesus with God is as the likeness of Adam. He created him out of dust, then God said to him: Be! and he is.

  • The Angels gave Gods word to Mary, and it was Jesus!3:45: And remember when the angels said: O Mary! Lo! God gives you glad tidings of a word from him, whose name is the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, illustrious in the world and the Hereafter, and one of those brought near to God.

  • In the Quran Gods word in Mary is JesusNotice the relation of the Gospel of John, In the beginning was the Word, and the Gospel of Luke, where Mary says to the angel, Let it be with me according to your word (Luke 1:38).

  • Who is Mary in the Quran? Q 66:12: And Mary daughter of Imran (Amram), whose body was chaste, therefore We breathed into her something of Our Spirit. And she put faith in the words of her Lord and His scriptures, and was of the obedient.

  • Who is Mary in the Quran? Q 19:28: O [Mary], sister of Aaron! Your father was not a wicked man nor was your mother a harlot. Mary is holy, of the family of Moses, Aaron the priest, and Maryam their sister.

  • Mary, Mother of Jesus,in Gospel of LukeMary is a relative of Elizabeth, Zechariahs wife

    (Luke 1:36)Elizabeth is a daughter of Aaron (Luke 1:5)Moses appointed his brother Aaron and his sons as priests (Exodus 28:1)

  • The Name Mary, Mother of Jesus

    Moses and Aaron have a sister named MiriamMiriam, Mariam, and Maryam are the same name in Hebrew and GreekMarys name (Maryam) is a family name of Moses and AaronAmram is the father of Moses, Aaron, and Maryam in the Old Testament (Num 26:59)

  • Mary, Mother of Jesus,in Gospel of LukeZechariah, Elizabeths husband, is of the family of priest Abijah (Luke 1:5),

    grandson of Aaron Marys relatives have a priestly ancestry

    through AaronMary has priestly blood-line from AaronMary is holy

  • Gospels of Luke and JohnBlend together in the QuranIn the Quran, Jesus as the Word in the Gospel of John and Jesus as the word of glad tidings in the Gospel of Luke, which Gabriel brings to Mary, blend together.Gabriel brought the word Be from God t