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Transcript of ITP Materials: Development of a New Class of Fe-3Cr-W(V ... · PDF file Nooter Eriksen ....

  • Industrial Materials for the Future

    Managed by UT-Battelle, LLC

    Final Technical Report Development of a New Class of Fe-3Cr-W(V) Ferritic Steels for Industrial Process Applications March 2005 Principal Investigators:

    Mr. Mann Jawad Nooter Corporation Dr. Vinod K. Sikka Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    ORNL/TM-2005/82

  • DOCUMENT AVAILABILITY

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  • FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT Project Title: Development of a New Class of Fe-3Cr-W(V) Ferritic Steels for

    Industrial Process Applications Award Number: DE-FC36-01ID14239; CPS #1763 Project Period: July 1, 2001–December 31, 2004 PI(s): Mr. Maan Jawad (Nooter)

    (314) 378-7808 maanjawad@aol.com

    Dr. Vinod K. Sikka (ORNL) (865) 574-5112 sikkavk@ornl.gov

    Additional Researchers: Dr. Suresh S. Babu (ORNL) Dr. Ronald L. Klueh (ORNL) Dr. Philip J. Maziasz (ORNL) Dr. Michael L. Santella (ORNL) Recipient: Nooter Corporation

    1400 S. Third St. St. Louis, MO 63166

    National Laboratory: Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) One Bethel Valley Road P.O. Box 2008 Oak Ridge, TN 37831 Industrial Partners: ExxonMobil Chemical Co.

    BP Amoco DuPont ISG Plate Ellwood Materials Technologies Ellwood National Forge Plymouth Tube Company Stoody Company Nooter Eriksen

    mailto:maanjawad@aol.com mailto:sikkavk@ornl.gov

  • ORNL/TM-2005/82

    Development of a New Class of Fe-3Cr-W(V) Ferritic Steels for Industrial Process Applications

    Maan Jawad Nooter Corporation

    Vinod K. Sikka Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    March 2005

    Prepared jointly by

    NOOTER CORPORATION 1400 S. Third Street

    St. Louis, Missouri 63166

    and

    OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY P.O. Box 2008

    Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6283 managed by

    UT-Battelle, LLC for the

    U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725

  • ii

    Acknowledgments and Disclaimer

    Acknowledgments This report is based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Industrial Technologies Program, Industrial Materials for the Future, under Award No. DE-FC36-01ID14239. Research at Oak Ridge National Laboratory was sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Industrial Technologies Program, under contract DE- AC05-00OR22725 with UT-Battelle, LLC. The authors wish to thank Dr. Peter Angelini for reviewing the document and Ms. Millie Atchley for preparation of the document.

    Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

  • iii

    Contents List of Figures .............................................................................................................................. v List of Tables ............................................................................................................................... ix Abbreviations and Acronyms ...................................................................................................... xi 1. Executive Summary ....................................................................................................................... 1

    1.1 New Class of Fe-3Cr-W(V) Steels..................................................................................... 1 1.2 Technology Transfer .......................................................................................................... 3 1.3 Commercialization ............................................................................................................. 3 1.4 Recommendations .............................................................................................................. 3

    2. Introduction .................................................................................................................................... 5

    2.1 Potential Applications, Target Industries, and Energy Savings ......................................... 6 2.2 Commercialization Status and Plans .................................................................................. 6

    3. Background .................................................................................................................................... 9

    3.1 Domestic Technology Status Including Emerging Technologies ...................................... 9 3.2 State of the Art ................................................................................................................... 10

    4. Results and Discussion ................................................................................................................... 13

    4.1 Project Approach................................................................................................................ 13 4.2 Alloy Phase Stability Analysis........................................................................................... 14 4.3 Alloy Development and Commercial Heat Melting and Processing ................................. 18 4.4 Alloy Compositions ........................................................................................................... 19 4.5 Heat Treatment................................................................................................................... 19 4.6 Mechanical Properties........................................................................................................ 29

    4.6.1 Tensile Properties ..................................................................................................... 29 4.6.2 Charpy-Impact Properties......................................................................................... 37 4.6.3 Creep Properties ....................................................................................................... 37

    4.7 Weld and Weldment Properties ......................................................................................... 51 4.7.1 GTA Welds .............................................................................................................. 52 4.7.2 SA Welds.................................................................................................................. 53 4.7.3 GTA, SA, and SMA Welds and Properties .............................................................. 57

    5. Accomplishments ........................................................................................................................... 59

    5.1 Technical Goals.................................................................................................................. 59 5.2 Technology Transfer .......................................................................................................... 59 5.3 Publications and Patents..................................................................................................... 59 5.4 Commercialization ............................................................................................................. 60

    6. Summary and Conclusions ............................................................................................................. 61

    6.1 Summary ............................................................................................................................ 61 6.2 Conclusions........................................................................................................................ 61 6.3 Commercialization Aspects (Plans, Status, Barriers)......................................................... 63

    7. Recommendations ..............................................................................................