Islamic Banking Industry
Embed Size (px)
Transcript of Islamic Banking Industry
2. Presented by: JUNAID ZAMIR TARIQ ALI KHAN 3. Index
- What is Islamic Banking
- How it is Different ?
- Performance of various Banks
- Islamic Banks in Pakistan
- Business Model of a ConventionalBank
- Business Model of a Islamic Bank
- SWOT analysis
- Key Challenges
- - Recommendations
4. What is Islamic Banking
- A system of financial activities consistent with Shariah, based on Islamic principles which at the core refuses collecting interest, transactions involving uncertainty and speculation.
- It is based on the Islamic economic system.
- It is not restricted to Muslims only.
- Takaful (Islamic Insurance)Takafulis an alternative form of cover that a Muslim can avail himself against the risk of loss due to misfortunes.
- Sukuk (Islamic Bonds)the Arabic name for a financial certificate but can be seen as an Islamic equivalent of bond.
6. PRODUCT TREE Islamic Modes of FinanceTrade BasedModes Partnership BasedModes Rental BasedModes
- Murabaha It is a contract for purchase and resale and allows the customer to make purchases without having to take out a loan and pay interest. Bank purchases the goods on behalf of the customer, and re-sells them to the customer on an agreed profit margin and the customer pays the sale price for the goods over installments.
- Musharaka It means partnership. It involves you placing your capital with another person and both sharing the risk and reward with profit sharing ratio, but lossesmust beproportionate to the amount invested.
- Mudaraba It refers to an investment on your behalf by a more skilled person. It takes the form of a contract between two parties, one who provides the funds and the other who provides the expertise andwho agree to the division of any profits made in advance. The Bank wouldmake Shariaa compliant investments and share the profits with the customer, in effect charging forthe time and effort. If no profit is made, the loss is borne bythe customerandIslamic Bank of Britaintakes no fee.
- Ijarah Ijara is a form of leasing. It involves a contract where the bank buys and then leases an item. For example auto ijarah is simply an agreement under which the vehicle shall be given to you on rent for a period, agreed at the time of the contract. Bank purchase the vehicle and it out to the consumer for a period upon completion of the ijarah period the consumer get owner ship of the vehicle through a separate sale agreement.
- It works on Islamic set guidelines consisting of Risk Sharing, Individual Rights & Duties, Property Rights, Purity of Contracts, Commitments, Transparencies & Fair Deals.
- Any predetermined payment over & above the actual amount of principal is prohibited (interest) the only loan it allows is qard-ul-hassna whereby lender does not charge any interest.
- The Islamic financial system employs concept of participation , utilizing funds on a profit-and- loss-sharing basis.
- The pioneering effort, led by Ahmad Elnaggar, took the form of a savings bank based on profit-sharing in the Egyptian town of Mit Ghamr in 1963. This experiment lasted until 1967 by which time there were nine such banks in the country.
- In 1973, the Islamic Development Bank was set-up.
- The first Islamic bank in Malaysia was established in 1983. In 1993, commercial& merchant banks were allowed to offer Islamic banking products and services under the Islamic Banking Scheme (IBS). These institutions however, are required to separate the funds and activities of Islamic banking transactions from that of the conventional banking business
History 14. History
- The Islamic Summit of Lahore, Pakistan held in 1974 recommended the creation of Islamic Banks and Islamic Development Bank.
- On 14 Ramadan 1420, the Shariah Bench of the Supreme Court of Pakistan gave its landmark decision banning interest in all its forms and by whatever name it may be called. The court also specified a step by step approach to rid the country of the evil of interest.(The Historic Judgment on Interest by the Supreme Court of Pakistan)
- After 55 years after its creation in the name of Islam, Pakistan became the first Muslim country to officially declare modern bank interest as a r-riba , declared haram by Qur'an
History 16. How it is Different ?
- Islamic Orders not to use Money as a commodity.
- They operate under the concept of lender-borrower relationship and the profits generated through this relationship are divided between the two parties as per agreement.
17. How does it works ?
- The bank entirely depends upon the fixed deposits and does not borrows money from the central bank.
- Bank gives loan on basis of mutual agreement.
- Marjorly focuses on sales transaction.
- Islamic Banking is growing rapidly in Pak it has been expected that by 2012 total share in Banking sector will be 12%.
- Present Islamic Banking share is 5%
- Growth rate is 50%
- Assets Rs 276 Bn (asset base of entire Banking System Rs 5,653 Bn)
- Profit Rs 1.8 Bn dec-08
- Deposits Rs 201.7 Bn (17.7%)
Overview 20. Performance of various Banks 8,333 UBL 630 Standard Chartered 621 Meezan Bank 15,459 National Bank 15,375 MCB (53) Bank Islami 4,157 Allied Bank Profit (March 30, 2009) (Millions) Bank Name 21. Islamic Banks in Pakistan
- Dubai Islamic Bank Pakistan Limited
- Meezan Bank
- Dawood Islamic Bank Limited
- AlBaraka Islamic Bank
- Bank Islami
- Emirates Global Islamic Bank Limited
22. Branch Network
- Dubai Islamic Bank Pakistan Limited branches 25 in 10 cities
- Meezan Bank 166 branches in40 cities
- Dawood Islamic Bank Limited 19 branches in 9 cities
- BankIslam102 branches in 49 cites
- Emirates Global Islamic Bank Limited (EGIBL) 41 branches in 24 cities
- Total branch network of combine islamic banks353 Branchesin almost all big cities of Pakistan.
23. Business Model of a ConventionalBank
- Public Sector
- Funds Lent
- PLS Saving Account
- Term Deposit
Mode ofCredit Interest Interest
- Interest based pool managed by bank
Withdrawal 24. Business Model of a Islamic Bank
- Investment Account Holders(Depositors)
- Public Sector
- Islamic Banking Business(Shariah Compliant)
- PLS Saving Account
Profit Mode of Deposit & Funding
- Banking Institution
- Mudaraba(Shariah compliant)pool managed by bank
Withdrawal 25. Key Challenges Facing Islamic Banks:
- Shariah interpretations
- Shariah experts
- Product development and execution
- Competition from conventional banking
26. SWOT analysis
- S : religious appeal, Zakat, Innovative aspect, all bigger banks carry a Islamic portfolio because of its success.
- W : Lack of standardization, There are differences in theory and practice, Misinterpretation of Islam
- O : fastest growing religion in the world, Traditional interest based banking losing its value, New markets have been emerged in non Islamic regions.
- T : loopholes are present in its proper implementation, Research in products, Environment for Islamic banking in west has been declined after 9/11
- The problem with these shariah boards is that they give conflicting opinions that result in confusion and doubts.
- They approve 1 product and the other may reject
- Jorban a Muslim scholar disapproved the penalty imposed on defaulting.
- Britain had rejected Islamic mortgage as it based on interest based structure.
- Malaysia has proposed to setup standards for both IB and IF. such standards would