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Transcript of Islamic Banking
Islamic Banking MODARABA COMPANIES AND MODARABAS
Group MembresAmmar YasirMohsin JamalQamar Zaman
MODARABA The main instrument of Islamic finance
"Mudaraba" is a special kind of partnership where one partner gives money to another for investing it in a commercial enterprise. The investment comes from the first partner who is called "rabb-ul-mal", while the management and work is an exclusive responsibility of the other, who is called "mudarib".
The salient features of modaraba companies Registration TypesPublic or Private sector Separate Business Paid up capital Religious Board Regulatory control
The salient features cont..Promoters should be knowledgeable Resources mobilization Operations Share in profits
Modaraba Business Activities Financing operations
i) Modaraba financing ii) Musharika financingiii) lease financing iv) Project financing are under taken.
i) Funds management ii) Money market operationsiii) Capital market operations
FEATURES OF MUDARABAH It is an important feature of this kind of business that the money should be handed over by the Rab-ul-Mall to the Modarib and he should not control the money.Modaraba must be incorporated and register under Modaraba ordinance, 1980. Its activities are controlled by the Modaraba companies and Modaraba rules, 1981.
FEATURES OF MUDARABAH cont..4. The certificates issued by Modaraba are transferable.5. The Modaraba has right to receive at least 10% share in Modaraba business.6. The profit of Modaraba business is distributed among the partners according to the agreement, and one partner cannot enjoy entire profit of the business.
FEATURES OF MUDARABAH cont..7. The money of Modaraba cannot be contributed to another person without the prior consent of Rab-ul-Mall.8. It may be formed for specific period and it will be dissolved by the expiry of that time.9. It may be formed for single purpose or for multiple purposes.10. The Modaraba will be dissolved by the death of any partner.
CONSTITUTION OF MODARABA COMPANIES AND MODARABA:
The concept of Modaraba was given fourteen hundred years back by our Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (Peace be upon him). In Pakistan the process of Islamization of the economy was initiated in 1980 when the Government introduced the concept of Modaraba for Islamization of the economy.
Regulations applicable to Modaraba and the Modaraba CompaniesThe Modaraba Companies & Modaraba (Floatation & Control) Ordinance, 1980- registration of Modaraba Companies and floatation, management and regulation of Modarabas.The Modaraba Companies & Modaraba Rules, 1981
Regulations applicable to Modaraba and the Modaraba Companies
The Companies Ordinance , 1984The Religious BoardPrudential Regulations for Modaraba
REGISTARTION OF MODARABA COMPANIESRequirements: Every Modaraba company is required to be registered before operations.Eligibility criteria: Company must be : - Registered under CO1984 or- Body corporate formed under any law in force and owned or controlled by FG or PG, directly or indirectly through a company or corporation.
REGISTARTION OF MODARABA COMPANIES
Paid up capital shall be:Rs. 2.5 m at least for a company solely engaged in floatation of Modaraba.Rs. 7.5 millions for others of which Rs. 2.5 m is set aside for Modaraba. (It does not apply to a body corporate formed under law and owned or controlled by FG directly or indirectly)
REGISTARTION OF MODARABA COMPANIES cont..None of its directors, officers or employees has been:- convicted of fraud or- breach of trust or- of an offence involving moral turpitude or- adjudicated insolvent or- has suspended payment or- compounded with his creditors
REGISTARTION OF MODARABA COMPANIESProcess: Company shall apply on prescribed form in prescribed manner.Application shall be accompanied by:5 copies of Memorandum & Articles5 copies of incorporation certificateReceipt for fee paid
REGISTARTION OF MODARABA COMPANIES5 copies of latest audited accounts, if company has already been in businessPrecise description of business being done,Registrar shall grant registration if he is satisfied that:Application is in prescribed formApplicant is eligible for registrationIt is in public interest to do so
REGISTARTION OF MODARABA COMPANIES cont..Restrictions:Registration may be subject to restriction regarding:Investments to be madeInformation and returns to be furnished to RegistrarBusiness to be undertakenTransfer of shares by promoters, sponsors or persons holding Controlling interest
The role of modarabas in Islamic economy and finance The first sincere step towards Islamization of Economy and Finance was made in 1980 through promulgation of the Modaraba Companies and Modaraba (Floatation and Control) Ordinance 1980.
The role of modarabas in Islamic economy and finance
In a recent review in the Press, over 50% of the listed modarabas at Karachi Stock Exchange have demonstrated positive results during first half of the current fiscal year. At the end of June, 1997, out of 51 listed modarabas, 24 had declared no dividend to shareholders as compared to 27 modarabas in the corresponding period in June, 1996.
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