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Presentation by Dr. Margaret Karembu, Director ISAAA Africenter during the launch of the Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops 2011.

Transcript of Isaaa 2012 launch ppt slides kenya launch - ofab

  • 1. ISAAAGlobal Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops, 2011by Margaret Karembu Director, ISAAA Africenter m.karembu@cgiar.org 23rd February 2012OFAB-KENYA

2. Overview of Presentation ISAAA COMMERCIALIZATION 1996 to 2011 GROWING IMPORTANCE OF DEVELOPINGCOUNTRIES Brazil IMPACT OF BIOTECH CROPS (1996 to 2010) FUTURE PROSPECTS 2012-2015 (MDG) 3. ISAAA www.isaaa.org ISAAAA Not-for-Profit Charity, co-sponsored by public and private sector organizationsISAAA is a Pro-Choice Organization Share knowledge freely on crop biotechnologywhilst respecting the rights of others to make theirown decisions; ensure that the global society is wellinformed about the attributes and potentials of thenew crop biotech applications MISSION Contribute to poverty alleviation byincreasing crop productivity and income generation,particularly for small resource-poor farmers and toensure a safer and more sustainable environment 4. THE Challenge DOUBLE Crop Production byISAAA2050 on LESS resources water, N2, etc NO SINGLE APPROACH can feed >9 billion in 2050 & >10 B in 2100 Conventional crop improvement ALONE will not double crop productionby 2050 GM/BIOTECH CROPS NOT A PANACEA but essential Successful strategy must have MULTIPLE APPROACHES that addressall the principal issues that include: Population stabilization Africa 3.6 B in 2100 out of 10.1 B Improved food distribution systems, and less wastage A Technology Component is ESSENTIAL A cropimprovement STRATEGY THAT INTEGRATES the BEST of theOLD (CONVENTIONAL) and the BEST of the NEW (BIOTECH)to optimize productivity and CONTRIBUTE to food, feed andfiber security and address climate change 5. ISAAACOMMERCIALIZATION OFBIOTECH CROPS1996 to 2011 6. ISAAA 7. Global Area (Million Hectares) of Biotech Crops,2011: by Country ISAAABiotech Mega Countries 50,000 hectares (125,000 acres), or moreMillion Hectares1. USA69.02. Brazil*30.33. Argentina* 23.74. India* 10.65. Canada 10.46. China*3.97. Paraguay* 2.88. Pakistan* 2.69. South Africa* 2.310. Uruguay* 1.311. Bolivia* 0.912. Australia0.713. Philippines* 0.614. Myanmar* 0.315. Burkina Faso*0.3 29 countries which have adopted16. Mexico*0.1 Increase over 2010 17. Spain0.1 biotech crops In 2011, global area of biotech Less than 50,000 hectares crops was 160 million hectares,8% representing an increase of 8% Colombia* Chile* Czech Republic Poland Romania Sweden over 2010, equivalent to 12 million Honduras* Egypt*Costa Rica* hectares. PortugalSlovakiaGermanySource: Clive James, 2011. * Developing countries 8. ISAAAGROWING IMPORTANCE OFDEVELOPING COUNTRIES 9. OVERVIEW OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES versus INDUSTRIAL, 2011ISAAA 19 out of 29 biotech countries were Developing For first time dev countries planted 50% of global area Expected to exceed industrial country hectares in 2012 Brazil largest gain worldwide 4.9 M Ha, 19% of global Top 7 Developing countries planted >2 M Ha each Growth rate twice as fast 8.2 M Ha (11%) vs 3.8 M Ha (5%) ~16 M small biotech farmers, up ~1.3 M from 2010. 1996-2010 Econ gain $39.2 B; in 2010 $7.7 vs $6.3 in IndustrialSource: Clive James, 2012 10. ISAAABrazil in Latin AmericaLand Area: 850 M HaPopulation: 195 MillionArable land: 59 M HaCommercialized BiotechCrops: HT soybean, Btcotton and Bt maizeBiotech Crops Hectarage:30 M Ha 11. BRAZIL THE LEAD DEVELOPINGCOUNTRYISAAA Ranked #2 with 30.3 M Ha equivalent to 19% of global area of 160M Ha in 2011 Biotech Soy >20 M Ha (83% adoption), biotech maize >9 M Ha(65% adoption) and biotech cotton >0.5 M Ha (39% adoption) Largest hectare gain worldwide for third consecutive year 4.9 MHa equivalent to 19% growth in 2011 Economic gain 2003-2010 $4.6 B; $1.2 B in 2010 alone EMBRAPA is Ag. R & D organization with cooperative programsin Africa CTNBio is regulation agency Former President Ignacio Lula da Silva awarded World Food Prizein 2011 for alleviating Poverty and HungerSource: Clive James, 2012 12. BRAZIL THE SRATEGIC ELEMENTS ISAAAINSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHS EMBRAPA Strong biotech program, well-resourced CTNBio Effective & timely deregulation 14 productsapproved in 2010/2011DIVERSIFIED SOURCE OF PRODUCTS 3 product streamsPrivate Proprietary products deployed on 30 M HaPublic/Private Joint effort of EMBRAPA/BASF has alreadyresulted in approved HT soybeanPublic EMBRAPA has already developed and approved home-grown virus resistant biotech bean 3 product streams, minimizes opportunity cost and maximizesimpactSource: Clive James, 2012 13. Africa OverviewBiotech Crops planting 2011 Biotech commercial ISAAA South Africa - Maize, cotton,soybeanEgypt - MaizeBurkina Faso - CottonBiotech crops on trialRSA - potatoes, sugarcane,WEMA RSA, Kenya, UgandaKenya cotton, maize, SP, cassavaEgypt cotton, potato, wheat,cucumber, melonUganda - banana, cotton, cassava,maize, riceNigeria - cowpea, cassava 14. Case Study Biotech cotton in Burkina FasoISAAAPictures: SOFITEX cotton company, Dec 2011 15. Case Study Biotech cotton in Burkina FasoISAAA Total cotton hectarage in Burkina(424,810 ha) In 2011, ~247,000 (58%) hectares Bt cotton planted, from260,000 hectares in 2010Slight decline of 5% (or 13,433ha)-Key reasons for decline : Farmers dissatisfied with purchase price offered for their 2010cotton(245 CFA/Kg~0.5 USD for Bt or non Bt cotton)-Desiredprice:500CFA/Kg~1USD) Farmers discouraged by rising costs of fertilizer Poor agronomic practices Erratic rains after planting~ 76,000 farmers planted Bt cotton Adoption rate for Bt cotton: 58% 16. Biotech cotton in Burkina FasoISAAAEstimated economic benefit from Bt cotton - over US$100million/yr based on yield increases of close to 30%, plus at least50% reduction in insecticides sprays, from a total of 8 sprays toonly 2 to 4 sprays for Bt cotton 17. ISAAAIMPACT OF BIOTECH CROPS 18. GLOBAL IMPACT OF BIOTECH CROPSSource: Brookes and Barfoot, 2012 Forthcoming; Clive James, 2012ISAAA IMPROVED PRODUCTIVITY AND INCOME Farm income gains of$78 B from 1996 to 2010, of which 40% was due to cost reduction and60% due to a production gain of 276 M tons; benefits conservative duespill-over from biotech to conventional. PROTECT BIODIVERSITY 276 M tons would require additional 91 MHa biotech is a land saving technology. Strategy is to double cropproduction on same area of 1.5 B Ha of crop land savesforests/biodiversity 13 M Ha lost/year. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT Reduce need for external inputs Saving of 443 M kg pesticides from 1996/2010 9% saved Saved 19 B kg C02 in 2010 - contribution to climate change Conservation of soil & WATER thru biotech + no/low till HUMANITARIAN BENEFITS Contribution to poverty alleviation of ~15 M small resource-poorfarmers in 2011 & welfare benefits emerging 19. ISAAATHE FUTURE 2012 - 2015THE REMAINING FOUR YEARS OF THESECOND DECADE OF COMMERCIALIZATION2015, The Millennium Development Goal Year 20. THE FUTURE 2012 - 2015NEW & IMPROVED BIOTECH CROPSISAAA Several new biotech crop options --- 3 examples 2012 first stacked HT/IR soybean, particularly Brazil 2013 first drought tolerant maize in US; in Africa ~2017 2013/14 Golden Rice in the Philippines; US, omega 3 soy Other candidates before 2015 include: several dual-actionproducts for more effective & durable pest and weedmanagement; and possibly biotech sugar cane in Indonesia Biotech applications for Speeding the breeding MAS andothers, plus biotech crops, to provide a faster response tomore severe and rapid changes in climate 21. ISAAA 22. Implementation of APPROPRIATE REGULATION is aMUST to spur adoption of biotech crops in AFRICA ISAAASource:Compiled by Clive James, 2012 EGYPTEGYPT UGANDAUGANDA BURKINAFASOMALI KENYA KENYABURKINATANZANIA FASO MALAWI TOGONIGERIANIGERIA SOUTH SOUTHAFRICA AFRICA 2011 (3 countries) 2015 (up to 10 countries)South Africa, Burkina FasoSouth Africa, Burkina Faso,and Egypt Egypt, Kenya, Uganda, Mali,Togo, Nigeria,, Ghana Ongoing Biotech Crop Field Testing and possibly Malawi 23. Way forward for AfricaISAAABiotech crops are a product of INNOVATIONthe ability to manage change as anopportunity, not as a threatWe therefore need to communicate with society objectively and consistently