IQP-48-JLS-0057 Arms and Armor of the Medieval Knight Interactive

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Transcript of IQP-48-JLS-0057 Arms and Armor of the Medieval Knight Interactive

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    IQP-48-JLS-0057

    Arms and Armor of the Medieval Knight

    Interactive Qualifying Project Proposal

    Submitted to the Faculty

    of the

    WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE

    in partial fulfillment of the requirements for graduation

    by

    _____________________________

    Eric Clayton

    _____________________________

    Erik DeVolder

    _____________________________

    James Justin Fyles

    _____________________________

    Jonathan E.H. Hayden

    April 5, 2008

    Keywords: History Middle Ages, Knight, Arms and Armor

    _______________________________ Professor Jeffrey L. Forgeng. Major Advisor

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    Abstract

    The medieval knight was the deciding force on the battlefield during the Middle Ages, due primarily to

    his specialized arms and armor and his extensive training. This project tells the story of the knight

    through the arms and armor at his disposal. The teams substantial research document on the knight's

    historical context, weapons, armor, and equestrian equipment formed the basis of a 15-minute video

    documentary that will be shown hourly to the public at the Higgins Armory Museum.

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    Contents

    Contents .................................................................................................................................................... 3

    Figures ........................................................................................................................................................... 7

    Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. 9

    History and Context of the Middle Ages ..................................................................................................... 12

    Ruling Structure .................................................................................................................................. 12

    Feudalism and Manorialism: a Modern Perspective .......................................................................... 12

    Context of Feudalism in Medieval Society .......................................................................................... 14

    History of the Knight ............................................................................................................................... 16

    The Pre-History of the Mounted Soldier ............................................................................................. 16

    The History of the Knight as a Social Class .......................................................................................... 16

    The Knight in the Early Middle Ages ................................................................................................... 17

    The Knight in the High Middle Ages .................................................................................................... 17

    The Knight in the Late Middle Ages .................................................................................................... 18

    Cultural World ......................................................................................................................................... 19

    Chivalry................................................................................................................................................ 19

    Tournaments ....................................................................................................................................... 20

    Heraldry............................................................................................................................................... 22

    Upbringing of the Knight ......................................................................................................................... 24

    Pre-adolescence .................................................................................................................................. 24

    The Page Years .................................................................................................................................... 25

    The Squire Years .................................................................................................................................. 26

    Dubbing of the Knight ......................................................................................................................... 26

    Arms of the Medieval Knight ...................................................................................................................... 28

    Daggers, Grappling and the Medieval Knight ......................................................................................... 28

    Grappling ............................................................................................................................................. 28

    The Dagger .......................................................................................................................................... 30

    Swords of the Medieval Knight ............................................................................................................... 32

    European swords before the 11th

    Century .......................................................................................... 32

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    Swords in the 11th

    Century .................................................................................................................. 33

    Swords in the 12th

    Century .................................................................................................................. 33

    Swords in the 13th

    Century .................................................................................................................. 34

    Swords in the 14th

    Century .................................................................................................................. 34

    Swords in the 15th

    Century .................................................................................................................. 35

    Sword fighting Techniques .................................................................................................................. 36

    Blunt Weapons and Polearms of the Knight ........................................................................................... 37

    The Mace ............................................................................................................................................. 37

    The War Hammer ................................................................................................................................ 37

    Other Polearms ................................................................................................................................... 39

    Ranged Weapons of the Medieval Period .............................................................................................. 41

    The Longbow ....................................................................................................................................... 41

    The Crossbow ...................................................................................................................................... 42

    Gunpowder Weapons in the Medieval Period ................................................................................... 43

    The Medieval Horse ................................................................................................................................ 45

    The Horse ............................................................................................................................................ 45

    Horse Domestication .......................................................................................................................... 47

    The Saddle ........................................................................................................................................... 51

    The Spur .............................................................................................................................................. 53

    The Bridle ............................................................................................................................................ 54

    The Horseshoe .................................................................................................................................... 55

    Barding ................................................................................................................................................ 55

    Horsemanship ..................................................................................................................................... 56

    The Medieval Horse ............................................................................................................................ 58

    The Joust ............................................................................................................................................. 59

    The Lance ............................................................................................................................................ 59

    Armor of the Medieval Knight .................................................................................................................... 61

    Armor Pre-1400 .......................................................................................................................