iOS vs Android History
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History: Android & iOS
History: Android & iOSHistorical development of worlds two most famous operating systems for mobile devices
Operating SystemSoftware helping users to interact with the device
Few examples of Operating System (OS) for handheld devices:EPOCSymbianiOSAndroidBlackBerryWindows 8
Some StatisticsWorlds leading operating system for mobile devices by Market Shares (2013):Samsung (Android based) sold 71,381 units (Thousands of Units) in the second quarter of 2013.Apple (iOS) sold 31,899 units (Thousands of Units) in the second quarter of 2013.
Worldwide Smartphone Sales to End Users by Operating System in 2Q13 (Thousands of Units)Android 177,898 (79% market share)iOS 31,899 (14.2% market share)Microsoft 7,407 (3.3% market share)BlackBerry 6,180 (2.7% market share)
AndroidCompany was founded in the year 2003 by Andy Rubin.
In 2007 Open Hand Alliance (OHA) was formed by Google, HTC, Sony, Dell, Intel, Motorola, Samsung, LG.
In 2008 OHA released Android 1.0
Android was specially created for touch-screen mobile devices.
Android 1.0Integration with Google Services as: Google Contacts, Calendar, Maps, Search etc.
Web browsers were capable of showing, zooming and panning web pages.
GPS and Bluetooth were services integrated in the phone.
The Android Market was at its beginning and there were 35 applications.
No paid apps.
Cupcake (Android 1.5)On-screen keyboard
Direct uploads on YouTube or Picasa
The new clipboard improvements allowed to copy and paste texts from browser.
Android 1.5 allows auto-rotation option and animated screen transitions.
Donut (Android 1.6)Able to run on a multitude of screen resolutions.
Battery usage indicator
Fast access to the gallery and camera.
Android Market started, the Donut allowed the user to see screenshots while the user was visiting the Android market.
clair (Android 2.0) Support for HTML5 and double tap zoom.
Improvements in Google maps application.
Multiple options (Call, Email, SMS) in contacts with a single tap in clair.
Animated home screen background images and live wallpapers.
Multiple Google accounts with an improved calendar.
Froyo (Android 2.2)Speed and performance enhancement .
Support for Adobe Flash.
Improvements in the Application manager and camera controls.
The Update all button was added.
Gingerbread (Android 2.3)Improved clipboard experience.
Improvements in keyboard functions and accuracy.
Improvements for game developers.
Multiple cameras support on the device.
Improved user interface.
Honeycomb (Android 3.0) The widgets were redesigned and adapted for large screen-sizes.
Once again, the keyboard, the clipboard capabilities, and the browser were enhanced.
Possibility of video chat via Google Talk.
Support for multi core processors.
This version was widely accepted as a tablet version
Ice Cream Sandwich (Android 4.0)Roboto (new font) replaced Droid.
Android Beam which is a near field communication (NFC) form is introduced.
Improved camera, the shutter lag is almost zero.
Improved keyboard, Google Chrome navigation and copy & paste possibilities.
Face Unlock: The user may unlock the phone with the help of front camera.
KitKat (Android 4.4)
Restyled status and navigation bars, color emoji support, improved closed captioning support, stronger security, and smarter power use.
Improved the phone app with the ability to look up contacts directly from the dial pad, see and tap frequent contacts, and search your corporate directory easily.
Hangouts - SMS/MMS support: Incorporated a new version of Google Hangouts that supports integrated SMS/MMS messaging.
Added support for printing photos, Google Docs, Gmail messages, and other content via Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and hosted services like Google Cloud Print and HP ePrinters.
iOSApple was founded by Steve Jobs, Stephen Wozniak, Ronald Wayne in 1976.
Apples iOS Operating system for Apples mobile devices.
Initially launched with the first iPhone in 2007, but also used for iPod Touch (2007), iPad (2010), and iPad Mini (2012).
Unlike Microsofts Windows and Googles Android, iOS is not available for Non-Apple hardware.
iOS 1iOS 1 was released in June 29, 2007.
Pre-installed Apps: Mail, Safari, Calendar, Photos, Notes, etc.
First ever touch screen mobile phone operating system
First ever on screen keyboard
Custom shortcut by double clicking the Home button (in update 1.1.1)
iOS 2Improved language support.
Characters of password are momentarily visible when typing.
Calculator was once again updated.
Possibility of contact searching.
Ability of importing contacts.
Ability to move and delete multiple emails.
iOS 3Sending/receiving MMS.
Improvements in cut, copy and paste options.
Landscape keyboard functionality is added.
Improved battery usage.
Video recording with the camera app.
Manor enhancements in SMS application which is renamed to Messages.
Safari passed with 97/100 points the Acid Test and with this release support HTML5 tags.
Support for retina display.
FaceTime video call.
Ability to add the apps into folders.
Possibility to organize by thread in Mail.
Improvements in Bluetooth and animations
iOS 5Introduction of Newsstand- It is designated to display the papers and magazines downloaded from App Store.
Siri integration: A voice enabled intelligent personal assistant and knowledge navigator
iMessage. The users of Apple devices may send through Wi-Fi and 3G texts, photos, videos, locations and contacts to other similar devices.
Mail improvements Users may flag some emails, the texts may be bolded, italicized and underlined and new email folders may be added.
iCloud- a new cloud service from Apple allowing to back up Apple devices.
iOS 6Improvement in Siri
Improved Email and Settings
Integrated YouTube app was removed
Maps was powered by Apples team rather than by Google.
Integration of Passbook to make purchases in iTunes.
iOS 7Skeuomorphism is replaced with the flat design and simplistic approach for a digitally authentic interface.
Control Center replacing Settings.
The system font has changed to Helvetica Neue Regular.
Full Screen apps that make use of the system status bar and navigation bar.
Improved features in pre-installed Apps.
ResourcesEgham, (August 14, 2013). Gartner Says Smartphone Sales Grew 46.5 Percent in Second Quarter of 2013 and Exceeded Feature Phone Sales for First Time. Retrieved from http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2573415 on January 01, 2014
IDC. (February 2013). Android and iOS Combine for 91.1% of the Worldwide Smartphone OS Market in 4Q12 and 87.6% for the Year, According to IDC. Retrieved from http://www.idc.com/getdoc.jsp?containerId=prUS23946013 on January 01, 2013.