Introduction to Photography

download Introduction to Photography

of 49

Embed Size (px)

description

If you are new to photography this presentation takes you through the important basics including composition.

Transcript of Introduction to Photography

  • 1. INTRODUCTION TO PHOTOGRAPHY BY PETER HALL

2. YOUR FIRST 10,000 PHOTOGRAPHS ARE YOUR WORST HENRI CARTIER-BRESSON 3. CONTENTS CAMERA TYPES FOCAL LENGTH EXPOSURE SENSOR AND FILM SENSITIVITY SHUTTER SPEED APERTURE 4. CAMERA TYPES 5. FOCAL LENGTH 6. 10mm 7. 15mm 8. 20mm 9. 35mm 10. 50mm 11. 70mm 12. 100mm 13. 155mm 14. 200mm 15. 300mm 16. EXPOSURE 17. UNDER EXPOSED 18. OVER EXPOSED 19. CORRECTLY EXPOSED (?) 20. EXPOSURE TRIANGLE 21. EXPOSURE MODE 22. SENSOR SENSITIVITY The ISO value is a measurement of the cameras film/sensors sensitivity to light The lower the number (e.g. 100) the more light that is needed but the better the quality The higher the number (e.g. 400) the less light that is needed but the poorer the quality ADVICE use the lowest ISO value that you can ! 23. SHUTTER SPEED The relationship between shutter speed and aperture is fundamental to the understanding of exposure and photography on the whole. While the latter primarily controls depth of field, the former can transform images with presence of blurred motion or, at the other extreme, freeze an instant of time by thousandths of second. The term shutter speed' refers directly to how long the shutter within your camera remains open, and therefore how much light is able to reach the sensor. Shutter speeds are measured in seconds and fractions of seconds - the longer the shutter remains open at a set aperture, the more light will reach your camera's sensor, and vice versa. 24. When looking to keep images sharp, a good general rule of thumb is thus - the maximum shutter speed you can use is 1/ your focal length. For example, take a focal length of 50mm - the longest shutter speed from which you can expect a sharp image is 1/50 second. Image stabilisation goes some way to extending this, but it's best not to rely on this if razor-sharp images are needed. 25. CAMERA SHAKE 26. ADVICE USE SHUTTER SPEED AS A CREATIVE TOOL IN PICTURE MAKING DOES EVERY PHOTOGRAPH NEED TO BE SHARP ? 27. ROBERT CAPA 28. SPORTS 1/4000 29. 1/40 SEC 30. 1 SEC 31. 10 SECS 32. 30 SECS 33. PANNING 1/45 SEC 34. CAMERA MOVEMENT 1/15 SEC 35. APERTURE 36. EXPOSURE TRIANGLE 37. DEPTH OF FIELD 38. DEPTH OF FIELD DEEP f22 39. DEPTH OF FIELD MEDIUM f8 40. DEPTH OF FIELD SHALLOW f1.8 41. ADVICE USE APERTURE AS A CREATIVE TOOL IN PICTURE MAKING DOES ALL OF A PHOTOGRAPH NEED TO BE SHARP ? 42. LANDSCAPE f13 43. PORTRAIT f1.8 44. MACRO f4 45. MACRO f6.3 46. f4.5 47. OF COURSE ITS ALL LUCK HENRI CARTIER-BRESSON Ignite Images | Corporate & Event Photographers http://ignite-images.co.uk