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Introduction to Metaphysical Poetry Mrs. Fitzgerald AP English Literature and Composition

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  • Introduction to Metaphysical Poetry

    Mrs. Fitzgerald AP English Literature and

    Composition

  • The Tudors

    King Henry VIII Edward VI Mary I Elizabeth I

  • The Stuarts

    James I (James VI of Scotland) Charles I Charles II James II William and Mary

  • Charles I and Parliament

    The struggle between King Charles I and Parliament had existed during the reign of James I

    Both believed strongly in the divine right of kings

    Money and religion were the biggest issues Charles locked the door of Parliament for 11

    years

  • The English Civil War

    Charles tried to arrest five members of Parliament

    Civil war broke out in 1642 between the Parliamentary forces and the Royalists (Cavaliers)

    Oliver Cromwells Parliamentary forces defeated the royalists in 1645

    Charles I was beheaded in 1649

  • The Restoration

    Cromwell ruled as Lord Protector from 1653 to 1658

    The monarchy was restored when Parliament offered the crown to Charles II

    His successor was his brother James II, a devout Catholic

  • The Glorious Revolution

    Religious differences between Parliament and James II

    Parliament invited Jamess daughter Mary to rule with her husband William of Orange

    James went into exile but did not go to war Called Glorious because no blood was

    shed

  • Metaphysical Poetry

  • What is Metaphysical Poetry?

    Term coined by Dr. Samuel Johnson Describes the philosophical, or

    metaphysical, and intellectual approaches to poetry

    Characterized by metaphysical conceits and paradoxes

  • Metaphysical Conceits

    Extended comparisons Links unlikely elements Mixes the abstract and the emotional Ex: linking a flea to a love relationship

  • Paradoxes

    Images that appear self-contradictory but that reveal a deeper truth

    Ex: Fair is foul and foul is fair - Shakespeare Ex: The paradox of our time in history is that we

    have taller buildings, but shorter tempers; wider freeways, but narrower viewpoints; we spend more, but have less; we buy more, but enjoy it less. - Dr. Bob Moorehead

  • Syllogism

    Logical argument Made up of major premise(general), minor

    premise(specific), and conclusion Ex: All humans are mortal (major premise) I am a human (minor premise) I am mortal (conclusion)

  • VOCABULARY

  • PROFANATION (n)

    Action showing disrespect for something sacred

  • LAITY (n)

    Those not initiated into a priesthood

  • TREPIDATION (n)

    A trembling

  • BREACH (n)

    A break

  • CONTENTION (n)

    Dispute; argument

  • PIETY (n)

    Devotion to sacred duties

  • INTERMIT (v)

    To stop for a time

  • COVETOUSNESS (n)

    greediness