Intro to Communication

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Intro to Communication. Ann N. Garfinkle, PhD. Overview of Communication. We do it all our waking hours Tied to other skills/behaviors. Overview Of Communication. Communication. Speech. Deficits in Communication Skills in Aduts with ASD. Issues related to independence - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Naturalistic Language

Intro to CommunicationAnn N. Garfinkle, PhDOverview of CommunicationWe do it all our waking hoursTied to other skills/behaviors

Overview Of CommunicationCommunicationSpeechDeficits in Communication Skills in Aduts with ASDIssues related to independenceIssues related to complianceA range of effective behavioral strategiesLovass vs BaerWhats naturalistic?Teaching in everyday environmentsNaturally occurringInterest-basedAdults contingently respond

Why naturalistic?Leads to more overall communicative behaviorEasily implemented by parentsIncreases relationshipsGeneral ways to increase expressive languageModel how to communicateModel new words in contextModel building words into sentencesModel the basis for narratives and storiesModel words for emotion and regulatiojProvide opportunities to talkProvide meaningful feedback for talkingTeach social skillsTeach expanded vocabularlyAlsoRepeating, expanding and recastsDecreased questionsRESPONSIVITYSpecific Types of Naturalistic StrategiesIncidental TeachingTime DelayEnvironmental manipulation(Milieu teaching)

Milieu teachingA set of tools to facilitate childs communicationSetting up an interactive context between the adult and child through play and routinesNoticing and responding to child communication and balancing turnsModel and expanding playModeling and expanding communicationUsing time delayUsing prompting stratgiesMT can:Increase the rate of communicationIncrease the diversity of communicationIncrease the complexity of communicationIncrease the childs independence through spontaneous communication and decrease dependence on adult cues Strategy 1: EngageDevelop a platform of joint attention and engagement through social interaction and engagementBe at the persons levelDo what the person is doingFollow the persons leadAvoid directions and let the adult interactAvoid questions and let the adult initiateChoose interesting and engaging activities

Strategy 2: Notice and Respond to CommunicationNotice and respond every time the adult communicates; respond by talking about what the adult is doing. Language needs to relate to what the adult is doing to be meaninful.Strategy 3: Take TurnsAllow the adult time to communicate and take balanced turnsOnly say something after the adult communicatesStrategy 4: Mirror and MapMirroringadult imitates the clients non-verbal behaviorsMappingadults lays language onto these actions by describing themStrategy 5: Model and ExpandExtend the time a adult interacts with materialsExpand the different actions the adult does with the same materialsExpand the types of materials the adult usesStrategy 6: Model and Expand LanguagePeople learn language through modelingContingent modeling is the most powerful formSimplifying language to match the clients' language targets help client learn language more quickly Strategy 7: Expanding CommunicationAn expansion is imitating the client and adding a little bit moreThe most powerful expansion includes the clientss communication targetsStrategy 8: Environmental ArrangementEA provides the client with more opportunities to practice communicating (that arent directly initiated by an adult)Set up the environment to:Offer choicesPause within a routineWaitInadequate portionsAsk for helpStrategy 9: Prompt LanguageA prompt is a signal to the client to do or say something 4 language prompts from least to most support are:Time delayOpen questionsChoice questionsModel procedures