Intro to american civs new intro

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  • 1. American Civilizations A Brief Introduction to the Aztec and Inca

2. In the prehistoric period, people migrated into the western hemisphere. 3. Different tribes, societies, and civilizations soon formed from North America . . . 4.

  • to Meso and South America

5. Some early American Civilizations included . . .

  • North America:
  • Hopewell
  • Adena
  • Mississippian
  • South America
  • Moche
  • Chimu
  • Nazca
  • Mesoamerica:
  • Teotihuacan
  • Olmec
  • Toltec
  • Maya

6. Maya, Aztec, and Inca Empires were the civilizations of Mesoamerica and Andean South America that get the most ink in general histories of the world. 7.

  • Mayan Civilization

8. 9. 10.

    • Mayan Hieroglyphs

11. Mayan 365 day calendar with 260 day calendar added 12. Aztec and Inca are written about the most because

  • Aztec and Inca Empires . . .
  • represent a culmination of earlier civilizations.
  • were the last indigenous empires of the Americas (before European conquest).
  • and there are more written sources on these civilizations.

13. 14. TENOCHTITLAN The Aztec Capital City 15. Machu Pichu Inca Ceremonial Center 16. Whose point of view dominates the earliest sources on early civilizations of the Americas?

  • Spanish military officers writing after the 1500s
  • Spanish Roman Catholic priests
  • Some natives who interacted with Europeans.

17. THE AZTEC (or Mexica) EMPIRE An Empire that was the most advanced in the Americas? OR A political system built on systematic terror tactics and brutality? 18. TENOCHTITLAN The Aztec Capital City 19. Aztec human sacrifice - on a greater scale than anywhere or any time in human history. 20. 21. Quote of the Day 11-10

  • the Aztecs may appear irrational, terrifying, & murderous; yet . . . we [the US] have been just as addicted to killing, even in our own century.
  • Michael Wood

22. Another interpretation:

  • In this world, torn with hate and war, we may well consider their [the Aztecs'] example. The Indians worked together for their common good, and no sacrifice was too great for their corporate well-being'George C. Vaillant('The Aztecs of Mexico')

23. Another interpretation:

  • [The Aztecs were] perhaps the most successful regime of terror the world has ever seen; [they carried out] mass murder... staged as an exultant feat of human butchery; [they] recorded the slaughter ... [in] an orgy of death imagery.
  • Dr Nigel Spivey(How Art Made The World' (BBC TV and book)

24. Another interpretation:

  • Nothing caused me so much admiration and seems to me more worthy of praise and remembering than the care and discipline with which the Aztecs raised their children. In effect, it would be quite difficult to find a nation which in its times of paganism gave more attention to this element of highest importance to the state.
  • Father Jos de Acosta