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  • International Recommendations for Distributive Trade Statistics 2008

    In tern

    atio n

    al R eco

    m m

    en d

    atio n

    s fo r D

    istrib u

    tive Trad e S

    tatistics 2008

    Printed at the United Nations, New York

    08-40109—March 2009—2,200

    USD 35

    ISBN 978-92-1-161519-7

  • Department of Economic and Social Affairs Statistics Division

    International Recommendations for Distributive Trade Statistics 2008

    United Nations New York, 2009

    asdf

    ST/ESA/STAT/SER.M/89

    Statistical papers Series M No. 89

  • Department of Economic and Social Affairs

    The Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat is a vital interface between global policies in the economic, social and environmental spheres and national action. The Department works in three main interlinked areas: (i) it compiles, generates and analyses a wide range of economic, social and environ- mental data and information on which States Members of the United Nations draw to review common problems and to take stock of policy options; (ii) it facilitates the negotiations of Member States in many intergovernmental bodies on joint courses of action to address ongoing or emerging global challenges; and (iii) it advises interested Governments on the ways and means of translating policy frameworks developed in United Nations conferences and summits into programmes at the country level and, through technical assistance, helps build national capacities.

    Note

    Symbols of United Nations documents are composed of capital letters combined with figures. Mention of such a symbol indicates a reference to a United Nations docu- ment.

    ST/ESA/STAT/SER.M/89

    UNITED NATIONS PUBLICATION

    Sales No. E.08.XVII.26

    ISBN 978-92-1-161519-7

    Copyright  United Nations, 2009 All rights reserved

    Printed in United Nations, New York

  • iii

    Preface

    The International Recommendations for Distributive Trade Statistics 2008 (IRDTS 2008) were prepared in accordance with the decision of the United Nations Statistical Commission taken at its thirty-seventh session, New York, 7-10 March 2006.* In that decision, the Commission endorsed the United Nations Statistics Division initiative to revise the existing recommendations in the area of distributive trade statistics and advised that the revision should fully reflect the specific needs and circumstances of various groups of countries and particularly the needs of countries with a substantial informal sector.

    The provisional draft of IRDTS 2008 had been prepared by the Statistics Division pursuant to the conclusions of the first meeting of the United Nations Expert Group on Distributive Trade Statistics held from 22 to 25 August 2005. The draft incorpo- rated inputs from national statistical offices and international organizations received during the worldwide consultations on its contents conducted during November 2006–December 2007. The draft was reviewed and endorsed by the Expert Group at its second meeting, held from 16 to 19 July 2007, and submitted to the Commission at its thirty-ninth session.

    The Statistical Commission, at its thirty-ninth session,** held in New York from 26 to 29 February 2008, adopted the draft International Recommendations for Distribu- tive Trade Statistics 2008 as the new international recommendations for distributive trade statistics.

    Preparation of IRDTS 2008 has been part of efforts by the Statistics Division to strengthen countries’ methodological and operational foundations for basic economic statistics in an integrated manner, including enhancement of their coherence across different sectors of an economy and conceptual consistency with respect to macroeco- nomic statistics, as well as to ensure production of the official distributive trade statis- tics in the most cost-efficient way.

    IRDTS 2008 provides the comprehensive methodological framework for collec- tion and compilation of distributive trade statistics in all countries, irrespective of level of development of their statistical systems. Its primary audience is the staff of national statistical offices involved in compilation of these statistics. Also, IRDTS 2008 contains a wealth of information that might be of relevance to data users interested in better understanding the nature of distributive trade data.

    * Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 2006, Supple- ment No. 4 (E/2006/24), chap. I.C, decision 37/102.

    ** Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, 2008, Supple- ment No. 4 (E/2008/24), chap. I.B, decision 39/107, para. (b).

  • International Recommendations for Distributive Trade Statistics 2008iv

    Acknowledgements

    The International Recommendations for Distributive Trade Statistics 2008 (IRDTS 2008) were prepared by the United Nations Statistics Division in collaboration with the members of the United Nations Expert Group on Distributive Trade Statistics. Members of the Expert Group included (in alphabetical order): Fuziah Md. Amin (Malaysia), Anthony Amuzu (Ghana), Francisco Ardavin-Perez (Mexico), Batjargal Badamtsetseg (Mongolia), Odile Bovar (France), Natalia Cherevichenko (Denmark), Chalermkwun Chiemprachanarakorn (Thailand), Mohammadreza Doostmoham- madi (Islamic Republic of Iran), Yan Du (China), Malgorzata Dytman (Poland), Richard Evans (Canada), Anatoliy Fryzorenko (Ukraine), Jose Alberto Garcia Zana- bria (Peru), Hassan Hassanin (Egypt), Eun-Pyo Hong (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development), Alexander Kevesh (Russian Federation), Prahlad Kumar (India), Hon-kwan Lam (China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region), Clifford Lewis (Trinidad and Tobago), Michael Manamela (South Africa), Cui Hui Min (Singapore), Darren Morgan (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland), Leonardo Nuñez (Chile), Maria Eugenia Oliden (Chile), Bibish Oyunsuren (Mongolia), Renato Rasia (Canada), Anne Russell (United States of America), Alekh Kumar Sahu (India), Roberto Saldanha (Brazil), Paul Sullivan (Australia) and Romulo Virola (Philippines).

    The United Nations Statistics Division is grateful to the members of the Expert Group for their fruitful collaboration. Their valuable contributions throughout the drafting of the recommendations and during the two meetings of the Expert Group are highly acknowledged. A special word of appreciation is due for the contribution of Marco Lancetti (United Nations Statistics Division consultant), who reviewed and evaluated the existing international recommendations in the area of distributive trades statistics.

    The United Nations Statistics Division is also grateful to national statistical offices, regional commissions, international organizations and individual experts for their comments received during the worldwide consultations on the contents of IRDTS 2008 which contributed to the successful completion of the drafting.

    The preparation of IRDTS 2008 and the organization of the Expert Group meetings were undertaken under the guidance and supervision of Vladimir Markhonko. Youlia Antonova was directly responsible for the preparation of the text and the organization of the worldwide consultations. They were supported by the following Statistics Division staff members: Thierno Aliou Balde, Arlene Adriano and Greta Salsbury, at the early stage of the work. Collaboration with Gulab Singh, who was responsible for the preparation of the text of the International Recommendations for Industrial Statistics 2008, ensured that the texts on common principles, concepts and definitions in the two documents were aligned.

  • v

    Contents

    Page

    Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iii

    Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

    Chapter

    I. Scope of distributive trade statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

    A. Distributive trade as an economic activity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

    B. Scope and structure of distributive trade in the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities, Revision 4 (ISIC, Rev.4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

    C. Scope and structure of distributive trade in terms of the Central Product Classification, Version 2 (CPC, Ver.2), and the Classification of Individual Consumption According to Purpose (COICOP) . . . . . 14

    D. Distributive trade in other activity classifications . . . . . . . . . . . . 15

    E. Selected boundary issues. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 1. Outsourcing: the boundary between wholesaling and manufacturing 16 2. Distinction between retail trade and financial services . . . . . . . 17

    F. Scope of distributive trade statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

    II. Statistical and reporting units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

    A. Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

    B. Definition of selected statistical units. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

    C. Recommendations on statistical, reporting and collection units . . . . 23

    D. Mapping of selected entities specific to distributive trade to the statistical units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .