Instructional leadership (shool plant)
Transcript of Instructional leadership (shool plant)
SCHOOL PLANT AND FACILITIES DEVELOPMENT
Aniyah A. Saidar
Educ 220R Instructional Leadership
Prof. Teresita M. Sambo, Ph.D.
Refers to school facilities of the school consisting of the site, buildings and other structure, equipment. and furniture.
The term physical facilities, Educational facilities and Equipment, as they are applied to the school, denote any of the components of the school plant.
A. Physical facilities Management--Acquisition of School Sites
1. By purchase2. By donation3. By appropriation4. By barter or exchange5. By Presidential Proclamation6. By gratuitous conveyance
PurchaseThe parties involved are the seller called
vendor and the buyer called vendee.
donationThe parties involved are the donor who is
the giver and the donee or the receiver of the benefits or beneficiary. Donation maybe simple, conditional, intervivos or mortis
Simple Donation—is one whereby a person disposes gratiously of a piece of land in favor of the municipality,
city, province or the Republic f Philippines.
Conditional Donation – is one, which imposes a condition such as “that the land should be
devoted only for education purposes”. In such case, the donation maybe revoked the
moment the condition or use by reason for which it was donated is changed.
Inter vivos donation—takes effect during the lifetime of the donor. When the donation takes
effect only after the donor’s death, it is referred to as mortis
causa.Expropriation– Land desired for school
purposes maybe acquired through condemnation proceedings or
1. A Sketch of the school site in the city/municipality or barangay proposed for expropriation must be prepared. The sketch should
indicate the location and the land area of the sites,
boundaries, roads, streets, or trails or other improvement.
2. The District Health Officer’s certification as to the sanitary condition of the school site should be obtained.
3. A school official’s certification that the site is deal for school purposes is likewise necessary.
4. A certification to the effect that the funds for the purpose are available is similarly needed.
5. A certification by the DAR office that the lot is not tenanted or
covered by agrarian reform CARP.
Barter or Exchange
An existing school site may be changed for
Planning Standards for School Facilities
The preferred way of expressing minimum standards is regulating minimum space per pupil.
Minimum Standards listed hereunder apply only to buildings and the sites for elementary and secondary schools.1. obviously, school facilities must be planed for the instructional program.
2. School facilities must also be planned for flexibility to anticipate educational as well as social change.
3. An equally important principle is that the school involves people.4. The scarcity of resources relative to wants and needs makes it imperative that the only spaces for which validated functions can be specified be planned into school facilities.
MAINTENANCE OF SCHOOL PLANT1. Keep informed about the work schedule andspecific responsibilities of each member of the custodial staff.2. Tour the school building and grounds regularly for the purpose of observing the extent to which they are being kept clean and in good repair.3. Design some methods or procedure for student teachers or others to bring to the attention of the school administrator any problem in plant and ground maintenance.4. Develop a good working relationship with the custodian staff or utility workers.
School Plant Planning
1. Define the educational objectives and the programs and activities which will be implemented in order to achieve those objectives.
2. Involvement in the planning of the new facility, the support of the people from within and outside the school must by all means be solicited.
Elementary School Sites Standard Requirements
Site– the size of the site must meet the requirements of enrolment and kind of school as well as the recreational needs
of the pupils.1. One half hectare (1/2 Ha) for barrio school,
which has only 1 or 2 classes and no grade above Grade IV.
2. One hectare (1 Ha.) for a central school, which has six classes, or for non-Central school, which
has three or 4 classes.
3. Two hectares (2Ha.) for schools, which have seven or nine classes.
4. Three hectares (3 Ha.) for schools, which have from 10 or 12 classes
5. Four hectares (4 Ha.) for schools, which have more the 12 classes.
However, for special case, where there is difficulty in meeting above standards, the following may be
A. For Rural Areas½ hectare fro central school, which has six classes, fro non-central school, which has 3-4 classes. 1 ½ hectares for schools which have 7-10 classes. 2 hectares for schools which have been 10 classes.
B. For Urban Areas
½ hectare for 6-10 classes. ¾ of a hectare for 11-20 classes. 1 hectare for 20 or more classes.
1. Instructional Space
1.1 Academic Classrooms
1.2 Science Laboratories
1.2.1 General Science
1.3 Learning Resource Center
1.20 sq. m. /place
1.40 sq. m./ place
2.40 sq. m./place
1.4.1 Boy’s Work Educational Practical Arts
1.4.2 Girl’s Work Educational Practical Arts
1.4.3 Girls Trade Homemaking
1.4.4 Wood Trade
1.4.5 Metal Trades
1.4.6 Mechanical Trades
1.4.7 Electrical Trades
1.4.8 Drafting/ Drawing
1.4.9 Farm Machinery Building
2.50 sq. m/place
2.50 sq. m/place
2. Administrative Space
2.1 Administrative Office
2.2 Health and Guidance Services
One health Clinic per School
One Guidance Clinic per School
3. Non-programmed Spaces
3.1 Sanitary Facilities
3.1.1 Boy’s Urinal
3.1.2 Boy’s Toilet Seat
3.1.3 Girl’s Toilet Seat
5.00 sq. m/place
1 urinal/50 pupils or
Urinal through/100 pupils
1 set/100 pupils
1 seat/50 pupils
1 lavatory/toilet seat
1 for every 2 classrooms
3.2.1 500 pupils or less
3.2.2 501- 1,000
3.2.3 Over 1,000 pupils
2.00 m. wide
2.25 m. wide
2.50 m. wide
4.1.1 500 pupils or less
4.1.2 501 to 1,000 pupils
4.1.3 1.001 to 2,000 pupils
4.2.1 50-300 pupils
4.2.2 310 to 500 pupils
4.2.3 501 to 1,000 pupils
4.3.1 For trade, Technical, Home Industries and Non-Traditional Schools
4.3.2 For Agricultural Schools
4.3.3 For Fisheries
Shall be for fishpond
School maintenance is an essential aspect of school plant management and requires constant attention and careful planning by administrators.
Maintenance is defines as the measure or measures necessary to retain an item in or restore it to its original status or a specified condition.
2. Capital Outlay
3. Infrastructure Funds
4. Special Education Fund
5. Income Generating Projects
6. Non-Governmental Agencies/Organizations
Minor Repair- is the replacement of school component which are not subjected to critical structure loads and stress and which are estimated to cost less the 10 % of the cost of the standard unit such as repair of windows, doors, partitions and the like.
Major Repair- is the replacement of school component which are subjected to critical structure loads and stress and are estimated to cost 10 % of the standard building unit such as repair of roof, frames, posts, exterior walls, etc.
- is a comprehensive repair of the whole
building or a major section of it.
is a major changes in its architectural
design or structure.
Property Replacement Fund--under administrative Order No. 33, it
prescribes guidelines for insurance of all properties, contract rights of action and other insurance risks of the government incluyding
those in which the government has an insurable interest with the General Insurance
Fund of the Government Service Insurance System.
The PRF was created under the General appropriations Act for CY 1989 and is sustained in the 1990
budget for the restoration of losses of government property and
payment of premium for insurance against extraordinary losses of certain government property.
Restoration/indemnification for any damages to or loss of property covered by the following perils.
-fire in any nature except arson-typhoon- Tropical depression duly recorded by
PAGASA-flood- Earthquake fire-earthquake shock-Theft and robbery
- Aviation and marine risk - other risks which are insured by the fund
Procedure Guidelines1. Submission of Inventory-DECS order
no. 76 s. 1994 provides clarificatorysupplementary guidelines for the availment of GSIS PRF, wherein all
schools should accomplish the Inventory Form to reflect all property
within the school.
2. On Claim SettlementA request for restoration/
indemnification of damage/ loss of property should be submitted to the
PRF for the agency with Notice of Claim signed and sworn to by head of the agency not later than 90 days
after the damage/loss.
1.Name and description of property2.Location of property3.Time and Cause of Loss/ Damage4.Amount of Loss/ Damage5.Description of Loss/Damage6.Supporting papers
6.1Proof of ownership of lost/damage of property6.2A building report of lost/damage prepared bythe District/City Engineer with the buildingadministrator or head of the agency, and6.3 File report