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Ingliz Tili

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  • www.meripet.org

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  • !"#$%& English Grammar

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    John M. Holmes Todd S. Avera ","-) /01:

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  • ENGLISH GRAMMAR

    A practical grammar of the English language written in Uighur Language

    A useful hand book for the Uighur students studying English Language

    A Comprehensive Handbook For Teachers

    Mohammed. A. Abdukadir Buvinur Bakery

    Published by XXinjiang peoples sanitary press Add: 66 Longquan Street, Urumqi 830004, Xinjiang, China

    Tel: (86) (0991) 2835907

    All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without

    the prior written permission of the author and the publishers.

    First Edition , Printed in Urumqi, China, May, 2004 ISBN: 7 5372 3760 3, Chinese Libray CIP data : 047345

    XINJIANG PEOPLES SANITARY PRESS

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    Special acknowledgements to our parents and to our relatives, for helping us in doing this work and living happily, in more ways than one Also special thanks to our teacher and our old friend John M. Holmes, who helped us as well as many other Uighur students in studying English and provided us with good materials and valuable advice. Thanks to our old friends Todd Avera, Alim Kasim, Kahar Turdi and Abdumijit Mohammed, who gave us some valuable advice and spent countless hours in examining and revising this book and checking for mistakes. Thanks also to our linguist, the late Professor Halik Niyaz, and to his wife Professor Muhabbat Kasim, who provided special advice in consolidating the grammatical terms and the definitions. We also want to acknowledge the help of Halide, Aliye, Risalet, Gulshan, and Gulnar in the libraries of both Xinjiang Normal University and Xinjiang University, who provided us with many good books and better environment whenever we needed, and to the help of Mr. Alim Ahed, the founder and manager of Uighursoft, who provided us with updated software. Finally, many thanks to our editor, Mr. Yalkun Abdusalam, who, because he was on the ball, made our work a piece of cake, and to all of our classmates and friends who have encouraged and supported us through this project.

    Q'# : V WZ[#\ +] ^%081 - ( Add: 81 Sheng Li Road, Urumqi, 830047, XinJiang, China

    Tel: (86) 13999933780, 0991) 8562198, (0903) 6482135 E-Mail: [email protected] , [email protected]

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    2004-^%0 x#% V Tel: 13999933780 E-Mail: [email protected]

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  • *)#, #*V#Reference books

    Advanced Grammar Harvard University Press 2003 Grammar for English Language teachers Cambridge University press 2000 How English Works Oxford University Press 1997 Essential Grammar of the English Language Cambridge University 1997 Advanced Grammar in Use Cambridge University Press 1999 Teaching Grammar Oxford University press 2003 English Grammar In Use Cambridge University Press 1995 Practical English Grammar Oxford University Press 1986 English Skills Programme Endall / Hunt Publishing company Modern English Prentice Hall, Inc., Englewood 1976 Introducing English Grammar Century Hutchinson Publishing Group. Ltd 186 University students English grammar Oxford University Press 1999 Cassell English Usage Cassell Publishers Ltd 1991 Grammar Practice Activities Cambridge University Press 1988 Grammar Game BOBBS MERRILL Educational Publishing House 1983 A course book in English Grammar Macmillian Education 1987 Grammar for Use Voluntad Publishing, Inc. 1986 Students English Grammar Harvard University Press, 2002 A Practical English grammar Oxford University Press, 1985A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language, Longman Inc, 1985 Practical English Usage Cambridge University 1997TOEFL Grammar Golden Peach Publishing, 2001Cambridge IELTS Cambridge University Press 2003Basic English, book 1,2,3,4 Kashgar Uighur Publishing House 1988 A Uighur English Dictionary Xinjiang Peoples Publishing House 1993 Introductory Mathematics Wadsworth, Inc. Linguistics Xinjiang University Press 1999 Modern Uighur Language Xinjiang Educational Publishing House 1982 Modern Uighur Language Xinjiang Peoples Publishing House 2000 Concise HandBook Of the English Language Xinjiang Peoples Publishing House 1995 New Concept English, book 1,2,3,4 Longman Inc 1965

    Teach English (A training Course For teachers) Cambridge University Press 1988

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  • .Contents

    1. A survey of English Grammar 2. Nouns 3. Determiners 4. Pronouns

    5. Verbs

    6. Verb tenses

    7. Adjectives

    8. Adverbs

    9. Prepositions

    10. Simple sentence

    11. Sentence types

    12. Multiple sentences

    13. Subordinate clauses

    14. Conditional sentences

    15. Idioms

    1

    23

    49

    79

    113

    157

    205

    245

    263

    297

    319

    327

    339

    347

    353

    1. 2. ! 3. "#$% & 4. !" 5. !'() 6. *# +'() 7. )% 8. ,- 9. !/"0 *"

    10.

    1 *22 11.

    1*" 12.

    1 0 13.

    1 *3(4 14.

    1 5 15 .!6

    0Appendix .

    1. How to apply for a college in abroad?

    2. TOEFL / GRE / GMAT / TOEIC

    3. IELTS

    243

    346

    326

    1 .70 89 :0 0 )9& " ;'& ; [email protected]% /A * "9B2 :,A

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  • )D The English Alphabet

    A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z

    a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, w, x, y, z

    2E4a F e F i F o - u G4(D *)D HG- :G#% ID H4 J"0 . :G#% G3 )D HG- :G#% K%% !G- . 4 4 *)D HG- =L# *34 9)D H

    G3 )D HG- =L# : K%% !G- =L# FG4(D.

    M21 HG-Pronunciation Table

    !G- =L#Consonants !G- :G#%Vowels N1Voiceless JN1Voiced

    /p/ pig, pen

    /t/ tin, ten

    /k/ cat, kite

    /f/ fat, telephone

    // thank

    /s/ soon

    // fish /t/ cheap

    /h/ hot

    /b/ big

    /d/ den

    /g/ got

    /v/ very

    // then

    /z/ zoo

    // pleasure /d/ job

    /m/ map

    /n/ name

    // song

    /l/ leg

    /r/ rat

    /j/ yes

    /w/ wet

    /i:/ sheep

    /i/ ship