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Contents

Infant Incubator

Infant incubator What

is the Infant incubator ?

HI ST O RY

1891 First modern incubator invented by Dr.

Alexandre Lyon

Principle The Chamber A

infant incubator shape function

temperature sensor

Principle Electric Humidification

heating system system

Additional

oxygen

Air circulation

Anatomy

Skin:

Epidermis Dermis Subcutaneous

Tissue

v

Anatomy

Skin - Function

Provides a physical barrier to the outside environment Assists in the development of the immune system Conserves body fluid by preventing evaporative loss Maintains body temperature

Skin - Function Excretes Produces Provides

water and oils

vitamin D in the presence of sunlight touch sensations of temperature and

Stores

water, fat and vitamin D

Important parameters

Temperature

Humidity

Body temperature Normal

core body temperature range as ill person as critically ill person

Classified Classified The

persons life in jeopardy

Body temperature

Hypothermia

Hyperthermia

Hypothermia

Remedy

Hyperthermia In

neonatal hyperthermia

Hyperthermia

Hyperthermia

in Neonates

Thermoregulation

What

is the Thermo regulation ?

Thermoregulation

The temperature of the body is regulated by hypothalamus Sweating begins almost precisely at a skin temperature of 37 C If the skin temperature drops below 37 C a variety of responses are initiated to conserve the heat in the body and to increase heat production

Thermoregulation Heat

production

Heat

loss

Ev ap ora tio n

Hea t loss

Co nd uct ion

Co nv ect ion

Hea t loss

Ra dia tio n

Thermoregulation

In

Uterus and Disadvantages

Advantage

Application NICU SCN Post Transport

natal care wards incubators

Types of incubators

Block Diagram

Components Power

supply

Filter Fan

Components

Heater Humidifier

Front

panel

User maintenance Cleaning

Disinfection Functional Safety

checks

PIC

Software PCB Microcontroller Lab (

Express ( Proton )

view

bernamg el semulate bta3 el pic )

Lab view

Solenoid