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Transcript of Indo

  • Indonesian Architecture

    Ancient History

  • Influences: Geography, Geological, Climatic

    Malay Peninsula is bounded by Southern Thailand in the north and on the west and south by the Strait of Malacca which separate it from Sumatra, Java and the chain of Islands, Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Sumba and Timor.

    The four largest islands are Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi and Borneo

    North- Philippines Active and extinct volcanoes- eruptions brought

    down buildings Equatorial, tropical climate, northeast and

    southwest monsoons

  • Historical, Social

    Civilization in Java and Sumatra- Indian cultural and religious influence.

    Society was divided to court and peasantry

    Literature, architecture, sculpture- priorities of the court

    King Jayanaga-first important Indonesian kingdom

  • Architectural Character

    Dieng Palteau and Kedu Plain- Hindu Indonesian and Buddhist Indonesian features

    Solid stone walls, corbelled arches, with no load bearing columns- Borobudur, Prambanam complex.

    5th-6th century- Influence of Gupta (Indian). A period of wide ranging movement in Buddhist art to the China seas

    11th century- shift of power to East Java, lessening of Indian influence, increased evidence of the native Indian tradition.

    Timber,

  • The Stupa Of Barabodur

    8th-9th century Located on the Java plains with a smoking

    volcano in the background Architectural masterpiece of the Sailendra

    dynasty Supreme expression of Indonesian art Shallow stone clad hill, symbolizing the world

    mountain Meru of Indian cosmology. 9 storeys leading to Nirvana, square in plan, stone

    plinth foundation

  • The Stupa Of Borobodur

  • Borobudor

  • Traditional Dwelling

    Long house

    generally on stilts

    Often sheltering the whole clan

    Carved and decorated wooden pillars

    Best exemplified in the Menangkabao homes:

    Colored patterns of intertwined flowers in white, black, red

    Inward sloping ridge (saddle back) roofs with high gables

  • Temple Group at Panataram

    Hindu culture ( Madjapahit Dynasty)

    Siva Tjandi- interesting and the most well preserved

    Single cube-like cella, surmounting pyramid

    Now with Javanese treatment: large Kirtimukha masks over the doorways

  • The architecture of the chandi The building material of this candidosis is actually brick covered with stone. This building is located on a higher base , making it stronger and more elegant looks. The stairs entrance is located on the northwestern side. Above the basement there is a passageway to the actual candi runs. The roof consists of three floors and is decorated with small stupas ' s. There are currently 48 stupas to find. This building is 26.4 meters high.

  • Tjandi Bhima, Dieng

    700ce

    One of the surviving smaller temples in Central Java

    Tjandi- sepulchral monuments

    Simple, single cella shrine

    Square in plan beneath a pyramid tower, entered by a prominent porch

  • Tjandi at Kalasan

    A Buddhist Shrine temple holding the ashes of Asailendra prince

    Greek cross plan

    Projecting wings side chapels

    With elaborate pediment with the Kirtimukha mask

    Indonesian style

  • At Prambanam

    Remarkable 150 shrines, most in ruins

    2 tiered terrace, reflecting the decline in mahayana buddhism in the 9th and 10th century

    Siva Temple of Loro Djongrang ( c900), restored. Cruciform in plan, square base, 4 broad formal staircase, central cella, with fine sculpture ( 42 bas reliefs illustrating Ramayana)

  • Ruined and RestoredTemples of Prambanam

  • Ruins of Prambanam, Tjandi Sewoe