Indian Art and Culture for IAS

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This notes contains summary of all the important topics for Art and Culture for CSAT and IAS Mains. It Includes: - Puppet forms of India - Painting styles in India - Classical Dances - Folk Dances - Tribal Dance - Classical Music - Theater forms of India - Indian Architecture Its not in detailed and confusing theory. Its in easy bullet points forms with images for better understanding

Transcript of Indian Art and Culture for IAS

  • 1. An exam oriented guide on Indian Art and Culture1 Specially designed for CSAT and IAS mains

2. INDEX Puppet forms Painting Styles Dance forms Classical Folk Tribal Theater forms Music Indian Architecture3 16 24 25 38 54 59 78 832 3. Puppet Forms of India3 4. Puppet Forms of India A form of theatre or performance involving manipulation of puppets. The process of animating inanimate performing objects. Used both as entertainment in performance and ceremonially in rituals and celebrations such as carnivals. Originating in India 4000 years ago, where the main character in Sanskrit plays was known as Sutradhara, the holder of strings. Stories mainly from puranic literature, local myths and legends String Puppet Shadow Puppet Glove Puppet Rod Puppet 4 5. Puppet Forms of India 1. String Puppets Jointed body and limbs that allow movement. Made of wood, or wire, or cloth stuffed with cotton, rags or saw dust and are usually small. Manipulated by operating the control as well as by loosening or pulling the relevant string Regional variations: Andhra Pradesh (Koyya Bommalata), Assam (Putala Nach), Karnataka (Sutrada Gombeyata), Maharashtra (Kalasutri Bahulya), Rajasthan (Kathputli), Orissa (Gopalila), Tamil Nadu (Bommalatam) and West Bengal (Tarer or Sutor Putul). 5 6. Puppet Forms of India 1. String PuppetsKathputli, Rajasthan Carved from a single piece of wood, Large dolls that are colorfully dressed. Costumes and headgears are designed in the medieval Rajasthani style Uses highly dramatized version of the regional music. Oval faces, large eyes, arched eyebrows and large lips. Wear long trailing skirts and do not have legs. Manipulated with strings attached to puppeteers fingersKundhei, Orissa Made of light wood, Have no legs but wear long flowing skirts. Have more joints and are, therefore, more versatile, articulate and easy to manipulate. Music of Odissi dance. Puppeteers hold a wooden prop, triangular in shape, to which strings are attached.6 7. For complete file please visit http://www.ebay.in/itm/251403146144?ssPa geName=STRK:MESELX:IT&_trksid=p3984.m15 55.l2649#ht_500wt_1203 Or contact at studynotesias@gmail.com7