Index [assets.cambridge.org]assets.cambridge.org/97811070/16521/index/9781107016521...461 Index...

of 10/10
461 INDEX Abaoji, 220–221, 223 Abbas I (shah), 60 Abbasid, 196 Abkhazia, 17, 31 Achaemenid dynasty, see under Persia Afghanistan, 22, 78, 118, 330 Afrasiab, 118 Aghtamar (Church of the Holy Cross), 63 Agili-Tepe (site), 334 agro-pastoralism (agro-pastoralist), 126, 133, 141 Ai Khanuoum, 100, 120 Ajaria, 280 Akaev, Askar, 19, 20 Akmolinsk uezd, 277 Akner, 62 Alania, 31 Albania (Albanian, Caucasian), 32, 156 Alexander the Great, 78 Alexandropol, Treaty of, 62 alien class element, 274 Almaty (Kazakhstan), 30, 122, 276 Altai Mountains, 132, 245 Althusser, 12 Altyn-Depe, 19 Amu Darya River, 84, 92, 117 “analogic kinship,” 207, 214 Anatolia, 86, 149 Anau, 19 Andronovo (culture), 154 Ani, 62–67 Anyang (site), 175, 177, 181, 187 Aparan II, 164 Appadurai, Arjun, 264 Arabian Peninsula, 289 Arabic (language), 51 Aragats, Mount, 165, 171 ArAGATS (project), 158, 165, 171, 310, 339 Aragatsiberd (site), 311 Araks River, 60 Aral Sea, 92 Ararat Plain, 60, 311 Araxes River, 147 archaeology, political use of, 6, 17, 33 Argishti I (king), 57, 68, 72 Aria, 116 Ariaramnes, 80 Arich, 164 Arkaim (site), 27, 34 Armavir, 62 Armenia (Armenian), 12, 32, 71, 75, 144, 149, 151, 152, 158, 163, 165, 293, 303, 327 Armenian Empire, 70 Armenian Genocide, 62, 73 proto-Armenian (language), 152 Soviet Armenia, 62 Arsaces I (king), 121 Arsaces II (king), 121 Artashat, 60, 72 Artashes I (king), 59, 70 Artaxerxes I (king), 81, 82 Artaxerxes III (king), 82 Artik, 163 Aryan myth, 17 Aryans, 22–24, 27–29, 34, 35, 142, 147, 156 www.cambridge.org © in this web service Cambridge University Press Cambridge University Press 978-1-107-01652-1 - The Archaeology of Power and Politics in Eurasia: Regimes and Revolutions Edited by Charles W. Hartley, G. Bike Yazıcıoğlu and Adam T. Smith Index More information
  • date post

    13-Jul-2020
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    1
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Index [assets.cambridge.org]assets.cambridge.org/97811070/16521/index/9781107016521...461 Index...

  • 461

    Index

    Abaoji, 220–221, 223Abbas I (shah), 60Abbasid, 196Abkhazia, 17, 31Achaemenid dynasty, see under PersiaAfghanistan, 22, 78, 118, 330Afrasiab, 118Aghtamar (Church of the Holy Cross), 63Agili-Tepe (site), 334agro-pastoralism (agro-pastoralist), 126,

    133, 141Ai Khanuoum, 100, 120Ajaria, 280Akaev, Askar, 19, 20Akmolinsk uezd, 277Akner, 62Alania, 31Albania (Albanian, Caucasian), 32, 156Alexander the Great, 78Alexandropol, Treaty of, 62alien class element, 274Almaty (Kazakhstan), 30, 122, 276Altai Mountains, 132, 245Althusser, 12Altyn-depe, 19Amu darya River, 84, 92, 117“analogic kinship,” 207, 214Anatolia, 86, 149Anau, 19Andronovo (culture), 154Ani, 62–67Anyang (site), 175, 177, 181, 187Aparan II, 164Appadurai, Arjun, 264

    Arabian Peninsula, 289Arabic (language), 51Aragats, Mount, 165, 171ArAGATS (project), 158, 165, 171, 310,

    339Aragatsiberd (site), 311Araks River, 60Aral Sea, 92Ararat Plain, 60, 311Araxes River, 147archaeology, political use of, 6, 17, 33Argishti I (king), 57, 68, 72Aria, 116Ariaramnes, 80Arich, 164Arkaim (site), 27, 34Armavir, 62Armenia (Armenian), 12, 32, 71, 75, 144,

    149, 151, 152, 158, 163, 165, 293, 303, 327

    Armenian empire, 70Armenian Genocide, 62, 73proto-Armenian (language), 152Soviet Armenia, 62

    Arsaces I (king), 121Arsaces II (king), 121Artashat, 60, 72Artashes I (king), 59, 70Artaxerxes I (king), 81, 82Artaxerxes III (king), 82Artik, 163Aryan myth, 17Aryans, 22–24, 27–29, 34, 35, 142, 147,

    156

    www.cambridge.org© in this web service Cambridge University Press

    Cambridge University Press978-1-107-01652-1 - The Archaeology of Power and Politics in Eurasia: Regimes and RevolutionsEdited by Charles W. Hartley, G. Bike Yazıcıoğlu and Adam T. SmithIndexMore information

    http://www.cambridge.org/9781107016521http://www.cambridge.orghttp://www.cambridge.org

  • Index462

    Asia (continent of ), 251, 259Inner Asia, 219South Asia, see IndiaSouthwest Asia, 289western Asia (Middle east/near east),

    132, 155see also Central Asia

    Assyria (Assyrian), 57, 120, 121, 367–368Astana, 275, 279, 282Astrakhan, 189Attila the Hun, 205August Capital, 218, 221authority, 11, 13, 32Avar, 32Avesta (Avestan) (civilization), 22Ayaz-kala, 118, 119Aymyrlyg, 145, 240, 242, 248, 251, 256Azerbaijan (Azeri), 32, 33, 75, 147, 327

    Babylonia (Babylonian), 88Babylon, 367

    Bactria (Bactrian), 78, 82, 85Bagratid dynasty, 60Baifu (site), 184, 185, 186, 187Balkars, 31Balkash, Lake, 49Baltik region, 196Baode (site), 183, 185, 187barbarians, 34, 225Bazar-kala (site), 117, 118Begram, 118Behistun, 80beifang, 175, 177, 178, 179, 181, 184–185Beijing (China), 184Bes Shatyr, 137Beshbaliq ( Jimsar), 41Bitu (site), 227Bitubei (site), 225, 228, 231, 237Black Lands, 189, 191, 193, 209, 215Black Sea, 149Bohai Sea, 219, 223Bolsheviks, 267

    Bolshevik Revolution, 74, 263Bolshevism (Bolshevist), 273Bosnia (Bosniak), 149Bourdieu, Pierre, 268–269Brest-Livotsk, Treaty of, 279Bronze Age, 152, 155, 283

    early (eBA), 59, 288, 352–356Middle (MBA), 144, 154, 158, 161, 163,

    164, 170, 171, 286, 352–359Late (LBA), 144, 154, 158, 161, 163,

    164, 165, 168, 170, 171, 303, 352Budapest (Hungary), 352Buddha, 221Buddhism, 41, 52budnye detali, 267, 269built environment, 138Buryatia (Buryat), 133Butentau-kala 1 (site), 117Buyids, 196, 204Byzantium, 188, 203

    Byzantine, 189, 204

    caliph (see also Islamic Caliphate), 204Çan Sarcophagus, 86Carmania (Carmanian), 80Carpathian Basin, 349, 358Caspian Sea (region), 81, 147, 149, 327,

    332northwestern Caspian, 144, 188, 189,

    197, 205, 208, 209, 210Caucasus, 3, 11, 121, 150, 155, 188, 264,

    286, 288eastern Caucasus, 32, 189, 194, 210, 323northeastern Caucasus, 292–299, 326South Caucasus (Transcaucasia), 61,

    158, 161, 163, 169, 283, 304, 331, 337–338, 347

    cenotaphs, 160, 167Central Asia (Central Asian), 11, 12, 34, 78,

    107, 111, 113, 154, 188, 196Central Plain (China), see Chinese PlainChaganmulun River, 225chaîne opératoire, 349, 361Chang’an, 221Chechnya (Chechen), 31, 189Childe, V. Gordon, 265China, People’s Republic of (PRC;

    Chinese), 4, 37, 41, 124, 144, 145, 175, 177, 219, 245

    and archaeological research, history of, 5imperial China, 141northeast China, 223

    Chinese (language), 51, 219, 223, 228, 238Chinese Communist Party, 38

    www.cambridge.org© in this web service Cambridge University Press

    Cambridge University Press978-1-107-01652-1 - The Archaeology of Power and Politics in Eurasia: Regimes and RevolutionsEdited by Charles W. Hartley, G. Bike Yazıcıoğlu and Adam T. SmithIndexMore information

    http://www.cambridge.org/9781107016521http://www.cambridge.orghttp://www.cambridge.org

  • Index 463

    Chinese Plain (region) Central Plain, 175, 179, 181, 183, 184,

    186, 187, 223northern Chinese Plain, 217northeastern Chinese Plain, 217

    Chorasmia (Chorasmian), 12, 78, 82Christianity (Christian), 152, 154, 257,

    272, 277Russian Orthodox morality, 277

    city, 220, 223, 227, 229, 238Commonwealth of Independent States

    (CIS), 28community, 11Confucius (Kongzi), 221conical clan, 194Cossacks (ethnic group), 275Croatia (Croats), 149cromlechs, 163, 169Cucuteni-Tripolye (culture), 22cultural province, 264Cyrus (king), 80

    dacian, 156daghestan (dagestani), 32, 189, 208, 286,

    326danube River, 352daoism (daoist), 221darius (king), 78debed River, 62deng, xiaoping, 39dilberd’zhin, 118dingil’dzhe, 92dintin, 245djavakheti, 151, 152dmanisi, 29durkheim, emile, 270dvin, 60dzhanbas-kala, 118, 119

    ecbatana, 81egalitarianism (equality), 125, 127, 140egypt (egyptian), 86–88elam (elamite), 82–86elar, 164embodied gesture, 267embodied scale, 269empire, 129, 131, 220encrusted Pottery Culture, 353, 358–361

    eneolithic, 287erebuni (Arin-Berd), 57, 68, 71eres-kala, 118ethnicity, 15, 152

    ethnic conflict, 11ethnic groups, 82, 190, 193, 217, 223ethnic hierarchy, 16ethnic homeland, 123ethnic nationalists, 34ethnogenesis, 15, 20, 22, 52

    eurasia (defined), 3, 143, 175, 207, 209, 210, 216, 238, 240

    eurasian (Russian) steppe, 3, 88, 123, 131, 141, 144, 153, 177

    europe (continent of ), 147, 188Central europe, 156european, 251, 259Southeast europe, 287Tumulus phase of, 352

    excarnation, 160–161, 167

    fatherland, 148Fatimid Caliphate, 204Feng Prefecture (China), 224Ferghana Valley, 134Finland (Finns), 151Foucault, Michel, 268Frada from Margiana, 81frontier, 177, 184, 219Fuhao, Tomb of, 181, 185, 186Füzesabony (culture), 358

    Galazov, Aksarbek, 31Gandhara, 112, 121Gaohong (site), 175, 183, 185Garni, 65Gefletepelerisi (site), 333Gegham Mountains, 59Geghard (site), 63, 67Gegharot (site), 293, 311, 338–347gender, 210Genghis Khan, 154geo-ethnic constructs, 264Georgia (Georgian), 29, 31, 152Germany, 149Gianguny (ethnic group), 246globalization, 153Golestan, Treaty of, 61

    www.cambridge.org© in this web service Cambridge University Press

    Cambridge University Press978-1-107-01652-1 - The Archaeology of Power and Politics in Eurasia: Regimes and RevolutionsEdited by Charles W. Hartley, G. Bike Yazıcıoğlu and Adam T. SmithIndexMore information

    http://www.cambridge.org/9781107016521http://www.cambridge.orghttp://www.cambridge.org

  • Index464

    Gonur depe (site), 118Great Caucasus Mountains, 294Great Hungarian Plain, 354Greece (Greek), 88, 156, 365Greek (language), 51Gyaur-kala Sultanuiz-dag, 118, 119, 121Gyulavarsánd, 354

    habitus, 351Hajiabad, 120Hakaniya (language), 51Hammurabi, 367Han (ethnic group), 38, 45, 53, 92, 221Han dynasty, 42, 49, 52, 116, 125, 127, 245Han Mountain, 218Harappan Civilization, 22harmonious society, 40Hatra, 121Haussmanization, 276heartland (see also imperial heartland), 228,

    229hegemony, 263, 267, 268, 273

    hegemonic powers, 268Heihe Prefecture (China), 224Henan Province, 175Hiberno-norse, 257hierarchy, 16, 111, 114, 124, 125, 127, 133,

    137, 140historicity, 86Hitler, Adolf, 156Hnaberd (site), 165, 171, 317Holy Land, 149homeland, 143, 145, 150, 154, 160, 216,

    218Heimat, 149Prarodina, 147Urheimat (ancestral homeland), 147, 149

    homme total, 294, 350, 355, 357Horom (site), 163Houjiazhuang (site), 181household, 229, 231, 237Hu, Jintao, 40Hui (ethnic group), 42Huihu (ethnic group), 50Huihu (language), 51Hungary, 263, 265, 352, 358Hunno-Sarmatian period, 145, 242, 243,

    259

    Huns (ethnic group), 243, 245, 364Hussein, Saddam, 367

    Ichan-kala (Khiva) (site), 117identity, 54, 144ideology, 95, 106, 157, 161, 216

    of equality, 130Ili River, 124, 126, 136Ilkhanid dynasty, 60Ilyrians, 156imagined communities, 76imperial authority, 228imperial heartland, 218, 238imperial ideology, 238inalienable possessions, 207incorporeal dead, 160India (South Asia), 118, 147, 289Indo-european, 31, 152, 154Indo-Germanen, 147, 150, 156inequality, 128Ingushetia (Ingush), 31Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, 45,

    53, 175, 179, 182Institute für Ur- und Frügeschichte, 147invisible community, 144, 190, 192, 197Iran (Iranian), 20, 22, 23, 29, 78, 80, 86,

    106, 188, 189, 195, 203, 205, 327, 330, 366

    northwestern Iran, 368Iraq (Iraqi), northern, 368Ireland, 257Iron Age, 13, 125, 133, 140, 152, 156,

    163Ishym River, 276Islam, 41, 52, 195, 212, 214Islamic Caliphate, 188, 195, 196Israel (Israeli), 150

    West Bank, 150Israel, eretz, 149Issyk River valley, 122, 133, 137Issykul Lake, 49Izba, 277, 279

    Jaddism ( Jaddist), 267Jadid, 274Jerusalem (Israel), 149Jixian County, 183Jurchen (ethnic group), 217, 225

    www.cambridge.org© in this web service Cambridge University Press

    Cambridge University Press978-1-107-01652-1 - The Archaeology of Power and Politics in Eurasia: Regimes and RevolutionsEdited by Charles W. Hartley, G. Bike Yazıcıoğlu and Adam T. SmithIndexMore information

    http://www.cambridge.org/9781107016521http://www.cambridge.orghttp://www.cambridge.org

  • Index 465

    Kalaly-gyr (site), 92, 117, 118, 119Kalmuk (ethnic group), 133Kalmykia, 189, 191, 209Kama River, 188Kamyshla raion, 295Kangiui period, 95, 119Karachai, 31Karakorum Mountains, 49Kara-kum desert, 92Karashamb, 163Karimov, Islam, 21Karlstadt, Andreas, 270Karmir Berd (site), 164Karmirberd (culture), 164Karmir-Blur (Teishebaini), 59Kazakhstan (Kazakh; Kazakhstani), 19, 29,

    34, 36, 42, 122, 133, 142, 267, 275, 277, 278, 279, 281–282

    and nationalism, 125southeastern Kazakhstan, 124, 133, 138Soviet Kazakhstan, 263

    Kazakly-yaktan (site), 13, 91–115, 116, 117, 118

    Keti, 164Khakha (ethnic group), 133Khalchayan, 111, 120khaqan, 204Kharosthi (language), 51Khazar (ethnic group), 191, 195, 196, 198,

    204, 205, 208, 209, 210, 214Khazar empire, 144, 188, 193, 194Khazar heartland, 144Khazar period, 191Khitan (ethnic group), 145, 217, 218, 219,

    220, 223, 224, 226, 238Khitan empire, 225Khotan (language), 51kinship, 193, 194, 198, 200, 214Kisapostag (ethnic group), 353Kiuzely-gyr (site), 92, 101, 117, 119Kizilvank (site), 164Koi-Krylgan-kala, 115, 116, 117, 118Kopet-dag Mountains, 19Korea, 39, 245Kosovo (Kosovar), 149Kulcs period, 352Kunlun Mountains, 49Kura-Araxes, 31, 264, 323, 326–335, 366

    Kursk (Prestizh), 276Kurumcha, 31Kushan, 92, 120Kwakiutl (ethnic group), 205Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyz), 19, 24, 132, 134Kyzyl-kum desert, 92

    labor, 178landscape, 8, 143, 145, 216, 220

    political landscape, 145and politics, 143

    Latin (language), 51Lchashen (site), 164Lchashen-Metsamor (culture), 161Lebensraum, 147Lenin, Vladimir, 270, 272, 279Levant, 118, 327Lezghin (ethnic group), 17, 32Liao (ethnic group), 217, 223, 225, 227,

    230, 237Liao empire, 145, 216, 217, 223, 224, 225,

    238Liao River, 225lines of power, 133, 139Ling River, 225Liulihe (site), 175Luther, Martin, 270Lutheran Reformation, 263

    Maikop (culture), 31Manchu (language), 51Manchuria (Manchurian), 219, 225Mangyr-kala (site), 117Manichaeism (religion), 41Maori (ethnic group), 205Margiana, 19, 22, 81, 118Marx, Karl, 270Marxism (Marxist), 281Massagatae, 22, 81, 116Mastara, 164materiality, 8, 12, 75, 141, 264Mathura, 120Mauss, Marcel, 265Mazda, 189, 195, 213Media (Mede), 82–84medieval period, 203, 216Mediterranean Sea, 149Mesopotamia, 80, 88, 314, 366

    www.cambridge.org© in this web service Cambridge University Press

    Cambridge University Press978-1-107-01652-1 - The Archaeology of Power and Politics in Eurasia: Regimes and RevolutionsEdited by Charles W. Hartley, G. Bike Yazıcıoğlu and Adam T. SmithIndexMore information

    http://www.cambridge.org/9781107016521http://www.cambridge.orghttp://www.cambridge.org

  • Index466

    Metallurgical Province Model, 286Metsamor (site), 164, 338micropolitics, 264Middle east (Middle eastern), see Asia,

    Westmigration, 1, 145, 247

    immigrant peoples and, 149Mikhailo-Ovsyanka (site), 295Minusinsk Basin, 245Mitannian, Common Style, 314Mithradates I, King, 121Mithradates II, King, 113Mongol (Mongol), 51, 60, 125, 132, 133,

    151, 153, 364Mongolia (Mongolian), 45, 118, 154Mongolian (language), 51Mongolian steppes, 217, 219mortuary record, 144, 175, 179

    analysis of the, 157context of the, 144and the landscape, 145and practice, 170postmortem treatment in the, 157, 158,

    159, 161, 164, 170ritual and the, 158

    motherland, 148Mo-Tun (site), 245, 247Mugan steppe, 327Mukhannat-Tapa, 59mummification, 159

    nagorno-Karabakh, 17, 32, 74nagyrév period, 352–353, 357nanshan’gen, 182naqsh-I Rustam, 81nationalism (nationalist), 15, 34, 35, 71,

    147, 153and politics, 144, 216

    nation-states, 11, 73, 143, 145, 148

    native Americans, 151nazarbaev, nursultan, 19, 20, 29, 123, 142,

    275, 276nazis, 23, 156

    neo-nazis, 28, 35nemrud dag, 120neoliberalism, 71neolithic Zhukaigou Culture, 179

    networks of alliances, 132as approach, 264technocultural networks, 287and value creation, 264

    nisa, 111, 120niyazov, Saparmurat, 19, 20nomadic civilization, 123nomadic world, 124nomadism, 20, 123, 189, 190, 192, 193,

    197, 208, 214, 279hunter-gatherers and, 217nomadic confederacies, 123–129, 131, 140nomadic elites, 207nomadic empires, 20, 126, 141, 189, 220,

    228nomadic groups, 30, 33, 116, 139, 195,

    211, 243nomadic heritage, 20, 122nomadic narrative, 124, 141nomadic polities, 125nomadic states, 125nomadic tribes, 132, 245in the past, 123pastoralists and, 41, 128, 131, 217, 219,

    220, 223seminomadism, 126

    nomads, Iranian-speaking, 30nomads, pastoral, 131north Plain (China), see Chinese

    Plainnortheastern Plain (China), see Chinese

    Plainnovgorod, 25, 34novi Aleseevka region, 139

    October Revolution, 1Oghuz-Khan, 19Old Kandahar, 118Ordos Plateau, 179Orientalism, 63Orkhon River valley, 41Oshskoe, 134Ossetia (Ossetian), north, 31Ossetia (Ossetian), South, 36Ottoman empire, 60, 73, 151Oxus Seal, 85Oxus Treasury, 84

    www.cambridge.org© in this web service Cambridge University Press

    Cambridge University Press978-1-107-01652-1 - The Archaeology of Power and Politics in Eurasia: Regimes and RevolutionsEdited by Charles W. Hartley, G. Bike Yazıcıoğlu and Adam T. SmithIndexMore information

    http://www.cambridge.org/9781107016521http://www.cambridge.orghttp://www.cambridge.org

  • Index 467

    Pakistan, 330Palestine, 149Pambak Range, 165Parnae, 22Parthia (Parthian), 19, 30, 80, 82, 85, 92,

    112–114, 116, 118, 121, 149Parthia (language), 51pastoralism, 41, 129

    and mobility, 129and nomadism, see nomadism,

    pastoralists andpastoral society, 128

    perestroika, 16Permian, 210Persepolis, 81, 84, 106, 111Persia (Persian), 60, 80, 82–83, 86, 88

    Achaemenid dynasty, 12, 59, 78, 83, 85, 86, 88, 92, 98, 110, 112, 116, 119, 121, 364

    Achaemenid imperial ideology, 88Qajar empire, 151Safavid dynasty, 60Sasanian dynasty, 113, 118, 119, 120,

    121Persian (language), 51Photios (patriarch), 272Phraates IV (king), 113politics, 143, 156, 157, 203, 216, 240

    political actions, 205political culture, 3political practices, 216political regimes, 144

    Polu-Tepe (site), 333post-Soviet (postsocialist) era, 2, 58, 267,

    272–273post-Soviet archaeology, 286post-Soviet eurasia, 143post-Soviet Kazakhstan, 263, 267, 275

    Potapovka (culture), 285, 295–299power, 11, 13, 93, 112, 203, 214, 216Poylu-Tepe (site), 334Prigorodny district, 17Priscus (historian), 205propinquity, 263, 265, 271, 273public, 204public assemblage, 12, 58, 75public sphere, 2, 12, 58, 73–75Putin, Vladimir, 25–29, 33

    Qing dynasty, 5, 48, 51Qingzhou (site), 226, 227

    races, 259Rahmon, emomali, 21regime, 2, 11, 216, 223, 240, 263

    of the Body, 265of Value, 264, 284

    Regime-Revolution Cycle, 7register, 267

    material register, 267, 270–272, 279misrecognition of, 273

    revolution, 2, 11, 28Bolshevik Revolution, 2631989 Student Movement, 39Russian Revolution, 267

    ritual, 202, 208, 211, 214Romania (Romanian), 156Rome (Roman), 149, 156Rukhnama, 19Rurik (prince), 29, 34Rus’, 26Russia (Russian), 11, 23, 34, 149, 190, 196,

    281–282imperial Russia, 151, 272, 274, 275,

    276–277, 279Orthodox Christianity and, 277neoclassicism in, 280Soviet Russia, 270tsarist Russia, 61, 267

    Russian steppe, see eurasian steppeRus-Tepe (site), 333

    Saakashvili, Mikhail, 29Saka (see also Scythia), 22, 30, 78, 82, 85,

    122, 123, 124, 127, 133, 136, 141, 142Saltovo-Mayatskaya Culture (SMC), 190,

    191, 208, 210Samanid dynasty, 21Samara oblast’ (Russia), 286, 294, 295Samara River, 296–298Sarmatia (Sarmatian), 31, 243Sasania (Sasanian), 195, 204Scythia (Scythian), 31, 78, 83, 122, 125,

    133, 145, 156, 242, 243, 246, 259sedentism, 21, 33, 36, 92, 116, 118, 124,

    140sedentization, 131

    www.cambridge.org© in this web service Cambridge University Press

    Cambridge University Press978-1-107-01652-1 - The Archaeology of Power and Politics in Eurasia: Regimes and RevolutionsEdited by Charles W. Hartley, G. Bike Yazıcıoğlu and Adam T. SmithIndexMore information

    http://www.cambridge.org/9781107016521http://www.cambridge.orghttp://www.cambridge.org

  • Index468

    Seleucid period, 100Seljuk dynasty, 60Semirech’ye region, 124, 126, 141Serbia (Serb), 149Serker-Tepe (site), 334Sevan-Uzerlik (culture), 161, 164Shaanxi Province, 183shadow empire, 144Shang dynasty, 38, 175, 178, 179, 185Shangdong (site), 183Shanxi Province, 175, 183shanyrak, 138, 267, 277–278, 279Shengavit, 59Shiism (Shii), 196, 204Shulu (also Shilu), 220Shunkha the Saka, 81Shurmak Culture, 145, 242, 247, 248,

    253–256, 258–259Siberia (region), 145

    southern Siberia, 240, 242Silk Road, 21, 60, 188sinicization, 43Sintashta-Arkaim (culture), 154,

    295, 298Sisian, 164skilled crafting, 93Slavik (Slav), 151SMC, see Saltovo-Mayatskaya Culturesocial landscape, 133Social Lives of Objects (paradigm), 302,

    306, 320social skin, 293Sogdia(na) (Sogdian), 36, 78, 82, 116Sogdian (language), 51Sok River, 296–298Song dynasty, 3, 224, 225

    northern Song dynasty, 230South Asia, see Indiasovereignty, 30, 123, 141Soviet Union, see Union of Soviet Socialist

    RepublicsSrubna, 154Stalinism (Stalinist), 65, 267, 273Stammbaum (language family), 154Staraia Ladoga, 25, 33state, 19, 22, 33, 36, 117, 123, 128, 141

    agrarian, 125centralized, 131

    predatory, 126status, 11steppe nomad world (see also nomadic

    world), 112, 128, 140Stonehenge, 160subjectivity, 13Sumer (Sumerian), 118Supreme Capital, 218Surkh-kotal, 118, 120Susa, 81Susiana Plain, 366Syria (Syrian)

    northeastern Syria, 368Százhalombatta (site), 352–361Szigetszentmiklós period, 352

    Tagar Culture, 245Taizong (emperor), 223Tajikistan (Tajik), 21–24, 35, 78, 84Taldy Bulak, 134Talgar River, 123–140Tamar (queen), 151Tanaoxares, 80Tang dynasty, 41, 50, 219, 224, 230

    capital of the, 218, 221Tashkazgan (site), 297Tash-kyrman-tepe (site), 117Tashtyk Culture, 246Tatarlı, 86techniques of the body, 350Tengrianism, 18Tianshan Mountains, 41, 122, 126, 132,

    141Tibetan (language), 51Tigran the Great, 72, 149, 151Tigranokert, 32Tillya-tepe, 118Timur, 154Tocharian A and B (language), 51Togolok, 118Tok-kala, 117Toprak-kala shavatskaya, 118Toprakkala Sultan-uiz-dag, 101, 115, 117,

    118, 120total social fact, 284tourism, cultural heritage, 40, 43Transbaikalia, 245Transcaucasia, see Caucasus, South

    www.cambridge.org© in this web service Cambridge University Press

    Cambridge University Press978-1-107-01652-1 - The Archaeology of Power and Politics in Eurasia: Regimes and RevolutionsEdited by Charles W. Hartley, G. Bike Yazıcıoğlu and Adam T. SmithIndexMore information

    http://www.cambridge.org/9781107016521http://www.cambridge.orghttp://www.cambridge.org

  • Index 469

    tree of culture, 154–155Trialeti (culture), 163, 164Trialeti-Vanadzor (horizon), 164, 308Tsaghkahovit (site), 165, 171, 311–320,

    338–347Tsaghkahovit Plain, 144, 158, 163, 165,

    171, 264, 303, 309–321, 337–347Tsaghkalanj, 164Tsiganka 8 (site), 134Tsiganka River, 134Tsitsernakaberd, 59Turfan, 41Túrkeve-Terehalom (site), 354Turkey (Turk), 33, 86, 149, 153, 188, 194,

    195, 199, 207, 327southeastern Turkey, 368

    Turkic (ethnic group), 125, 132, 142, 188, 205, 215

    Old Turkic (language), 51Turkish empire (First), 144, 188, 193Turk-Khazar Polity, 190, 193, 208, 209,

    212Turkmenchai, Treaty of, 151Turkmenistan (Turkmen), 19, 30, 33,

    78, 81Tuva, 145, 240, 242, 245, 247, 256Tuzusai, 123, 133

    Ukraine (Ukranian), 156, 208Ulungur River, 49Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Soviet

    Union, USSR), 1, 4, 58, 147, 150, 152, 190, 276, 281, 298, 364

    archaeology, 286Asia, 274collapse of, 4, 43, 75, 122context, 272–273ethnicities policy of, 16–17ethnography, 279era, 269history, 267history of archaeological research in, 4power, forms of, 275socialism (socialist), 267, 282

    United States of America (USA), 149, 151Ur (site), 98Ural Mountains (region), South, 297–299Ural River, 294

    Urartu (Urartian), 57, 68, 70urban, 220Urnfield period, 352Utevka VI (site), 284, 296–299Uyghur (see also xinjiang Uyghur

    Autonomous Region), 41, 223Uyghur (language), 51Uyghur empire, 41Uyuk Culture, 145, 242–243, 246–247,

    253–256, 259Uzbekistan (Uzbek), 21, 22, 78, 154Uzbek-Kazakh khanate, 123Uzboy River, 92

    Vagharshapat (echmiadzin), 63value, 203, 206, 213, 214Van, Lake, 57Varangians, 34Vatya period, 352–353, 357–358Vatya-Kszider period, 352–353, 357Velikent (site), 286, 288–294, 296, 334Velikent Fine Ware (ceramic), 326–333Verin naver, 164Vikings (ethnic group), 257violence, 11Vladikavkaz (north Ossetia), 31Volga region, 209

    Bulgar communities in the, 210Volga River, 19, 188

    Middle Volga, 208, 210, 213, 285, 294–299

    Lower Volga, 191, 200, 208, 209, 213Volga-Kama region, 194, 212Volkhov River, 25Volosovo-danilova (site), 294

    war (warrior), 144, 145, 225captives of, 220cult of, 200warrior persona, 144

    Wardzhia Cave Monastery, 151wealth, 8, 40, 112, 128, 130, 140, 203, 205,

    208, 210, 214, 231, 235, 237differentiation of, 131sharing of, 130

    Wei Prefecture (China), 224World Systems Theory, 287Wuding (king), 181

    www.cambridge.org© in this web service Cambridge University Press

    Cambridge University Press978-1-107-01652-1 - The Archaeology of Power and Politics in Eurasia: Regimes and RevolutionsEdited by Charles W. Hartley, G. Bike Yazıcıoğlu and Adam T. SmithIndexMore information

    http://www.cambridge.org/9781107016521http://www.cambridge.orghttp://www.cambridge.org

  • Index470

    Wulei Mountains, 49Wusun (ethnic group), 123, 125, 127, 132,

    133, 136, 141

    xerxes (king), 80xilamulun (site), 218, 225, 228xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region,

    12, 41xiongnu (ethnic group), 118, 125, 145,

    243, 247, 256xiongnu empire, 139, 243, 247

    Yan (State of ), 175, 184, 185Yellow River, 38, 183

    Yenisei River, 245Yerevan (Armenia), 307Yinxu (site), 181Yuan dynasty, 51Yuezhi (ethnic group), 124, 133, 141Yugoslavia, 148

    Zagros Mountains (region), 330Zetkin, Clara, 270Zhou dynasty, 7, 38, 184Zhukaigou (site), 175, 179, 180, 185, 187Zoroastrianism, 18, 21, 23, 28, 34Zvartnots, 62–63Zwingli, Huldrych (or Ulrich), 270

    www.cambridge.org© in this web service Cambridge University Press

    Cambridge University Press978-1-107-01652-1 - The Archaeology of Power and Politics in Eurasia: Regimes and RevolutionsEdited by Charles W. Hartley, G. Bike Yazıcıoğlu and Adam T. SmithIndexMore information

    http://www.cambridge.org/9781107016521http://www.cambridge.orghttp://www.cambridge.org

    http://www: cambridge: org:

    9781107016521: