Impressionism subtle. Table of Contents Edgar Degas Eugene Boudin Claude Monet Edouard Manet Berthe...

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Transcript of Impressionism subtle. Table of Contents Edgar Degas Eugene Boudin Claude Monet Edouard Manet Berthe...

  • Impressionismsubtle

  • Table of ContentsEdgar DegasEugene BoudinClaude MonetEdouard ManetBerthe MorisotCamille Pissarro Pierre Auguste RenoirAlfred SisleyMary CassattJames Abbott McNeill Whistler

  • In Generala movement in painting that originated in France in the late 19th centuryFrench art critic Louis Leroy coined the term impressionist in a satirical review of a private exhibition of paintings Leroy argued that as soon as these artists had suggested an impression of a subject by means of a few abrupt, shorthand brushstrokes, they were satisfied and stopped work. found many subjects in life around them rather than in historytried to depict what they saw at a given moment, capturing a fresh, original visionoften painted out of doors To observe nature more directly and set down its most fleeting aspects

  • FeaturesThe appearance of spontaneityUsed broken brushstrokes of bright, often unmixed colors. Which produced loose or densely textured surfaces rather than the carefully blended colors and smooth surfaces favored by most artists of the time. The colors have an overall luminosity because the painters avoided blacks and earth colors. Simplified compositions, omitting detail to achieve a striking overall effect.Impressionists were united by a desire to gain independence from an annual government-sponsored exhibition in Paris called the Salon.

  • douard Manet 1832-83, French painter Manet was influenced by Velzquez and Goya and later by Japanese painters and printmakers and photography.he did not employ impressionism's typical broken color or sketchy brushstrokes. Manet worked in broad, flat areas, using almost no transitional tones, to show what the eye takes in at a glance.

  • With its bold brush strokes and realistic portrayal of everyday events, Manets work served as a forerunner of the impressionist movement. Self- portrait

  • Olympia based on a portrait by Renaissance master Titian. Received severe criticism because of his unorthodox portrayals of nude subjects that were neither mythological nor biblical.

  • Le Djeuner sur lherbe Rejected from the Salon in Paris

  • History from ManetZola, Emile (1840-1902) French writer and art critic; was introduced to Manet in February 1866. Three months later Zola wrote an enthusiastic essay in defense of Manets work (LEvnement, May 1866). Manet painted this portrait as an expression of his thanks. In 1870-1903 Zola wrote and published his novel series about the Rougon-Macquart family, including Nana, in 1880. Nana was a character in Emile Zolas novel.

  • Manets Mother aboveManets wife belowThe Women in Manets Life

  • . Claude Monet Painting on His Studio Boat. 1874

  • The Execution of the Emperor Maximilian of Mexico. 1867-1868

  • fragment of "The Execution of Maximilian"

  • Manet often illustrated scenes from contemporary life in his paintings. With his modern subject matter and spontaneous, brushy technique, he influenced the development of modern art. Argenteuil

  • Chanteur espagnol One of his works that was accepted by the Salon

  • The Balcony. 1868 The painting shows Berthe Morisot, next to her is the violinist Fanny Claus, and behind the women is the painter Antonin Guillemet

  • Manets Legacy

  • Edgar Degas French painter and sculptor 1834-1917 He strove to unite the discipline of classical art with the immediacy of impressionism Degas chose to paint theater and ballet performances, races, and caf life, subjects that allowed him to capture movement in his off-center and oddly cropped compositions. He made notes and sketches from living models in motion to preserve informality of action and position Right before he went blind, he produced more freely executed, glowing pastels and charcoal drawings

  • He was precociously gifted as a draftsman and a brilliantly subtle and penetrating portraitist Bellelli Family, 1859

  • Woman with Chrysanthemums effected a remarkable balance by giving special weight to the focus of interest

  • The Star 1876-77

  • Dancing Examinationability to capture a momentary pose

  • Eugne Boudin French painter Boudin met Claude Monet and did much to help the young painter find his true artistic self In the 1860s he frequently saw Edouard ManetHis land- and seascapes of that period are filled with a constantly changing iridescent light; his palette grows lighter and the brushstrokes assume the aspect of soft, blurred patches of color His pictures of the sea made him one of the precursors of the Impressionists.

  • Noted for the pervasive clarity and directness of his outdoor scenes, Boudin excelled in depicting nuances of light and atmosphere. He painted from nature, influencing the impressionists

  • Claude Monet 1840-1926, French landscape painter Monet lifelong objective: portraying the variations of light and atmosphere brought on by changes of hour and season. Monet learned from his friends, from the landscape itself, and from the works of his older contemporaries Manet, Corot, and Courbet. Monet's representation of light was based on his knowledge of the laws of optics as well as his own observations of his subjects. He often showed natural color by breaking it down into its different components as a prism does. Eliminated black and gray from his palette

  • MonetIn his later works Monet allowed his vision of light to dissolve the real structures of his subjects he chose simple matter 1874 Sisley, Morisot, and Monet organized the first impressionist group show, which was ferociously maligned by the critics It failed financiallyIn the last decade of his life Monet was nearly blind

  • Impression: Sunrise 1873

  • The White Water Lilies. 1899

  • The Rouen Cathedral. Portail. The Albaine Tower 1893-1894, The Rouen Cathedral at Noon (1894)

  • Beach Scene, Trouville 1863

  • Beach Scene, Trouville 1863

  • Woman with an Umbrella

  • Self-Portrait. 1886.

  • Berthe MorisotFrench impressionist painter She formed a close friendship with Manet, when she married Manets brother EugeneHer later work inclined toward pure impressionism in its rendering of light Unusual smoothness of brushwork She painted in clear, luminous colors. Her early subject matter included landscapes and marine scenesLater she most frequently painted tranquil portraits of mothers and children.

  • The Mother and Sister of the Artist (Reading). c.1869-70When asked to criticize the work, Manet loved it but when Moriscot left he touched it up. She was very upset

  • The Cradle

  • In the Grass. 1874

  • The Harbor at Lorient. 1869

  • Girl in a Boat with Geese. c.1889

  • Camille Pissarro 1830-1903, French impressionist painter Pissarro's warmth and generosity made him an endearing figure. He was especially beloved as teacher and friend to Gauguin, Czanne, and CassattIn 1884 he experimented with theories of color called divisionism (dots)Abandoning divisionism in the 1890s, he reverted to a freer, more vital interpretation of nature

  • L'Hermitage a Pontoise. 1867

  • Vegetable Garden at the Hermitage, Pontoise (1879). The real subject matter here is light, and there is no black in the palette, exemplifying impressionist painting. The style also borders on pointillism with its small, even dabs of color. The effect of light brush strokes over dark gives it a shimmering quality.

  • Self-Portrait

  • The Red Roofs

  • Lucien Pissarro. The Deaf Woman's House. 1888 Lucien was a pupil of his father

  • Pierre Auguste Renoir

  • 1841-1919, French impressionist painter and sculptor His early work reflected myriad influences including those of Courbet, Manet, Corot, Ingres and Delacroixhe developed the ability to paint joyous, shimmering color and flickering light in outdoor scenes He went beyond impressionism. His ecstatic sensuality, particularly in his opulent, generalized images of women, and his admiration of the Italian masters removed him from the primary impressionist concern: to imitate the effects of natural light. harsh period in which his forms were closely defined in outline In the 1890s he changed, diffusing both light and outline, and with dazzling, opalescent colors describing voluptuous nudes, radiant children, and lush summer landscapes.1903, Renoir fought arthritis at the same time that his work attained its greatest sensual power and monumentality

  • Lise. 1867the Salon in 1867 accepted Lise, portrait of his model and lover Lise Treho. She posed in these others as well

  • The figure in this painting is bathed in light, and the artists unique brushwork gives the figure a glowing quality.Portrait of the Actress Jeanne Samary. 1878

  • Madame Charpentier and her Children

  • The SwingThe Family of the Artist. In the picture: standing - Pierre (11 years old), Aline (the wife); in the lower part Jean (about 2 years old), governess; in the right part - a neighbors girl

  • Moulin de la Galette

  • The Bathers (detail). 1887

  • Luncheon of the Boating Party

  • Dance at BougivalLady Sewing

  • In the knowSelf- portraitFrdric Bazille at His Easel. 1867 Alfred Sisley and His Wife. 1868.

  • Renoirs World of AquaintancesPortrait of Claude Monet. 1875 In 1880, Renoir metAline Charigot, a common woman, whom he would marry in 1890, they had 3 sons: Pierre, Jean, Claude, called Coco Aline and Pierre. 1887

  • Alfred Sisley 1839-99, French impressionist landscape painter painted subtly