Imperial China Collapses Ch. 14.3

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Imperial China Collapses Ch. 14.3. After the fall of the Qing dynasty, nationalist and Communist movements struggle for power. Opium Wars - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Imperial China Collapses Ch. 14.3

  • Imperial China CollapsesCh. 14.3

    After the fall of the Qing dynasty, nationalist and Communist movements struggle for power.Opium Wars

  • The Qing Dynastylast ruling dynasty of China from 1644 to 1912 Chinese Dynasties date back 4,000 yearsThe following is a list of Chinese Dynasties:Xia Dynasty About 1994 BCE - 1766 BCE Shang Dynasty 1766 BCE - 1027 BCE Zhou Dynasty 1122 BCE -256 BCE plus suppliment Qin Dynasty 221 BCE - 206 BCE Early Han Dynasty 206 BCE - 9 AD Xin Dynasty 9 AD - 24 AD Later Han Dynasty 25 AD - 220 AD Three Kingdoms - Period of Disunion 220 AD - 280 AD Sui Dynasty 589 AD - 618 AD Tang Dynasty 618 AD - 907 AD Sung Dynasty 969 AD - 1279 AD Yuan Dyansty 1279 AD - 1368 AD Ming Dynasty 1368 AD - 1644 AD Manchu or Qing Dynasty 1644 AD - 1912 AD

  • Nationalists Overthrow Qing Dynasty

    A New PowerIn the early 1900s (20th century), many Chinese wanted change in China. - They resented foreign nations control of China (Imperialists)- Many Chinese wanted to modernize ChinaKuomintangNationalist Party of Chinacalls for modernization & an end to foreign controlSun Yixianfirst great leader of Nationalist PartyIn 1911, Sun Yixian led the Nationalists & overthrow Qing dynasty

  • Shaky Start for the New Republic

    In 1912, Sun takes control as presidentBacks three principles: 1. nationalism 2. democracy 3. economic securitySun did not have the backing of the military, so Sun turns the presidency over to Yuan ShikaiYuan Shikai betrays to democratic ideals of the revolution.No national agreement on rule; civil war breaks out in 1916Warlords take control of territories as large as their armies could conquer

  • Nationalists Overthrow Qing Dynasty

    World War I Spells More ProblemsChina enters war against Germany hoping to gain land held by Germans Treaty of Versailles gives German colonies in China to JapanOn May 4, 1919, angry students protest this agreementMay Fourth Movementnationalist movement that spreads across ChinaMany young nationalists turn against Sun Yixian

  • The Communist Party in China

    Rise of a New LeaderMao Zedonghelps form Chinese Communist Party in 1921Lenin Befriends ChinaIn 1923, Lenin helps Nationalists, who agree to work with CommunistsPeasants Align with the CommunistsJiang Jieshi (Chang Kai Shek)Nationalist leader (Kuomintang) after Sun diesopposes communismPeasants see no gain for them in Jiangs plans, they back Communists

  • The Communist Party in China

    Nationalists and Communists ClashIn 1927, Nationalists kill Communists, unionists in ShanghaiIn 1928, Jiang becomes president; Communists resist his rule Civil War Rages in China between _________?Hostility Becomes WarBy 1930, civil war rages; Mao recruits a peasant, guerrilla army

  • Civil War Rages in ChinaThe Long MarchIn 1933, Jiangs huge army surrounds outnumbered CommunistsLong MarchCommunists 6,000-mile journey to safety in northOf 100,000 Communists, 7,000 or 8,000 survive the march, including MaoCivil War SuspendedSeeing chaos in China, Japan launches all-out invasion in 1937Nationalists and Communists join together to fight Japan*footnote: after WWII (1945), Communists and Nationalists resume their fighting.- In 1949, China becomes a Communist nation

  • The Communists Transform China Communists Claim a New Mandate of HeavenChinese Communists organize national government and Communist Party

    Maos Brand of Marxist SocialismMao takes property from landowners and divides it among peasantsGovernment seizes private companies and plans production increase

    Little Red Book was published by the Government of the Peoples Republic of China from April 1964 until approximately 1976. As its title implies, it is a collection of quotations excerpted from Maos past speeches and publications